Approaches

Zero Tillage [Chile]

approaches_2655 - Chile

Completeness: 81%

1. General information

1.2 Contact details of resource persons and institutions involved in the assessment and documentation of the Approach

Key resource person(s)

SLM specialist:
SLM specialist:
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA) (Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)) - Chile
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Asociación para la Diversificación y el Desarrollo Agricultural Comunal (ADDAC) (Asociación para la Diversificación y el Desarrollo Agricultural Comunal (ADDAC)) - Nicaragua

1.3 Conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:

Ja

2. Description of the SLM Approach

2.1 Short description of the Approach

Zero tillage approch was developed to protect the soil of de rainfall

2.2 Detailed description of the Approach

Detailed description of the Approach:

Methods: Zero tillage is realized with a crop rotation cereal-pastures, with elimination of traditional fire practices and fallow, supported with organic manure, zero tillage practice (horse drawn tillage and with machinery).

2.3 Photos of the Approach

2.5 Country/ region/ locations where the Approach has been applied

Country:

Chile

Region/ State/ Province:

Chilán, Chile

2.6 Dates of initiation and termination of the Approach

Year of termination (if Approach is no longer applied):

2009

2.8 Main aims/ objectives of the Approach

The Approach focused mainly on other activities than SLM (Zero tillage, dry and semi-dry land)

To apply conservation tillage for agricultural development.

The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: Social conflict and low knowledge in agricultural machinary.

2.9 Conditions enabling or hindering implementation of the Technology/ Technologies applied under the Approach

social/ cultural/ religious norms and values
  • hindering

Traditions

Treatment through the SLM Approach:

legal framework (land tenure, land and water use rights)
  • hindering

The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights moderately hindered the approach implementation The research was successfull but with difficult in the applicatio

knowledge about SLM, access to technical support
  • hindering

Lack of knowledge in agricultural machinery

Treatment through the SLM Approach:

3. Participation and roles of stakeholders involved

3.1 Stakeholders involved in the Approach and their roles

  • local land users/ local communities

Cultural differences. Ussually women work at home although women participated in planning decissions

  • NGO
  • national government (planners, decision-makers)
  • international organization
If several stakeholders were involved, indicate lead agency:

Was conisedered the integration and consideration of the gender.

3.2 Involvement of local land users/ local communities in the different phases of the Approach
Involvement of local land users/ local communities Specify who was involved and describe activities
initiation/ motivation interactive
planning interactive
implementation interactive
monitoring/ evaluation interactive
Research interactive

3.4 Decision-making on the selection of SLM Technology/ Technologies

Specify who decided on the selection of the Technology/ Technologies to be implemented:
  • mainly SLM specialists, following consultation with land users
Explain:

From the interaction between japanesse experience and chilean expertise

4. Technical support, capacity building, and knowledge management

4.1 Capacity building/ training

Was training provided to land users/ other stakeholders?

Ja

Form of training:
  • courses
Subjects covered:

25 chilean professionals were trainning in Japan (short courses of 1 month).

4.2 Advisory service

Do land users have access to an advisory service?

Ja

Specify whether advisory service is provided:
  • on land users' fields
  • at permanent centres
Describe/ comments:

Name of method used for advisory service: In situ demonstration and trainning; Key elements: Demonstration, Farmer visit

Advisory service is quite adequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; Chilean agricultural politics give to the farmers big part of the responsability, after a powerfull support from the government.

4.3 Institution strengthening (organizational development)

Have institutions been established or strengthened through the Approach?
  • yes, moderately
Specify the level(s) at which institutions have been strengthened or established:
  • local

4.4 Monitoring and evaluation

Is monitoring and evaluation part of the Approach?

Ja

Comments:

technical aspects were monitored through observations
socio-cultural aspects were monitored through observations
economic / production aspects were monitored through observations

There were many changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: Technical recommendation were improve (cultives and machine)

4.5 Research

Was research part of the Approach?

Ja

Give further details and indicate who did the research:

The institutions were mainly focused on physical soil structure, increasing yield and water conservation

Research was carried out both on station and on-farm

5. Financing and external material support

5.1 Annual budget for the SLM component of the Approach

If precise annual budget is not known, indicate range:
  • > 1,000,000
Comments (e.g. main sources of funding/ major donors):

Approach costs were met by the following donors: international (tillage machine): 25.0%; government (incentive): 25.0%; local community / land user(s) (land and working): 50.0%

5.2 Financial/ material support provided to land users

Did land users receive financial/ material support for implementing the Technology/ Technologies?

Ja

5.3 Subsidies for specific inputs (including labour)

  • agricultural
Specify which inputs were subsidised To which extent Specify subsidies
seeds partly financed
If labour by land users was a substantial input, was it:
  • voluntary
Comments:

Active participation of farmers.

5.4 Credit

Was credit provided under the Approach for SLM activities?

Geen

6. Impact analysis and concluding statements

6.1 Impacts of the Approach

Did the Approach help land users to implement and maintain SLM Technologies?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

Improvement the soil infiltration and mitigation soil erosion

Did the Approach improve issues of land tenure/ user rights that hindered implementation of SLM Technologies?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

Social problems The problem is likely to be overcome in the near future. Farmers prefer personal solution.

Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

It was observed that the adoption of the technology depend from the market (prices)

6.2 Main motivation of land users to implement SLM

  • reduced workload
  • payments/ subsidies
  • affiliation to movement/ project/ group/ networks

6.3 Sustainability of Approach activities

Can the land users sustain what has been implemented through the Approach (without external support)?
  • uncertain

6.4 Strengths/ advantages of the Approach

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
technology behaviour (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: it depends)
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
productives (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: financial support from the government)
economic (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: insumes (uncertainty costs).)

6.5 Weaknesses/ disadvantages of the Approach and ways of overcoming them

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the land user’s view How can they be overcome?
Machinary and fertilizers High costs
Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view How can they be overcome?
Machinary and fertilizers High costs

7. References and links

7.1 Methods/ sources of information

  • field visits, field surveys
  • interviews with land users

Links and modules

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