Approaches

Soil Volunteer Doctor Network: a driving force for sustainable land development [Thailand]

Mor Din Ar Sa , Soil Volunteers Doctor

approaches_4245 - Thailand

Completeness: 100%

1. General information

1.2 Contact details of resource persons and institutions involved in the assessment and documentation of the Approach

Key resource person(s)

land user:

Chantasitha Suthat

17/2 Moo 3 Tambon Rampan Thamai District Chantaburi province

Thailand

land user:

Puempak Wanlop

15/5 Moo 3 Tambon Rampan Thamai District Chantaburi province

1.3 Conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT

When were the data compiled (in the field)?

10/10/2018

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:

Yes

1.4 Reference(s) to Questionnaire(s) on SLM Technologies

2. Description of the SLM Approach

2.1 Short description of the Approach

The soil volunteers doctor networking at Tam bon Ram Pan, Tamai District, Chantaburi province is a grouping of lead farmers who have been assigned to be soil volunteer doctors ,applied the new theoretical agriculture and Sufficiency Economy Philosophy of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama 9). The management of land and water of their own small scale farming land as the concept of the theory is make them get the maximum efficiency and self-reliance.

2.2 Detailed description of the Approach

Detailed description of the Approach:

The soil volunteers doctors are the farmers who coordinate of the land development activities such as consultation and advice on the land management, soil improvement , suitability land use, provided soil test services , Including the activities related to Department of Land Development. Currently, Thailand has more than 80,000 soil volunteers doctors in villages, sub-districts , districts and province ,cover nationwide.
The soil volunteers doctors network is a grouping of the lead and volunteer farmers who have been assigned to be a ”soil doctor” and working together as the networking . This grouping of Soil Doctors is worked together in the networking system as to support each other’s and Land Development Department to achieve the goals set.
The soil volunteer doctors network was aimed to be a forum among soil volunteer doctors and Land development Department working together closely as their set up roles. The facilitation , work connection ,supporting each others among them are the roles of the network.
The soil volunteer doctors network is the network of farmer who have a duties to a soil doctors. They have to facilitate the knowledge exchange , learning and supporting the technology transfer to their communities . The networking structure is cover the nationwide ranking means ,there are the networking at the village level , tambon or subdistrict level, district and provincial level.
The operations of the soil volunteer doctors network are the Land Development Department selected and appointed 80,000 volunteer lead farmers in the village level, covering the whole country to be as soil volunteer Doctors. The Department of Land Development and lead farmers who work as the soil volunteers doctors in the village level will select the representative in the village to be the president in the district level and the president of the district level will choose the representative in the provincial level. President of the soil volunteer doctors at various levels will work together in the network pattern. A knowledge exchange forum for the soil volunteer doctors in each network hierarchy was set up. The network of Soil volunteer doctors in each level will provide information ,news and public relation to their members. The soil volunteer doctors network will provide extension ,promotion and technology transfer to their communities. Land Development Department will provide the training program for soil volunteer doctors. Finally,the monitoring supervising evaluation and reporting will be done by Department of Land Development.
The stakeholders who related to the soil volunteer doctors network are the soil volunteer doctors who applied new theory agricultural and transfer the technology to the farmers, students, university students and anyone who are interested . The farmers, students, university students, the general people and the government officers who come to study and practice in the authentic area. Department of Land Development and the Office of the Royal Development Projects supported material, publication and technical knowledge.
The farmer’s point of view to the benefit of the network are, the Department of Land Development is the main agency for the promotion, help and support the budget production factor Academic Documents and knowledge in the New Theoretical Agriculture. The applied new theoretical agriculture of soil volunteer doctors network focuses on the usage of organic , reduce the use of chemicals to improve soil and environment resources
However, The limitation of the networking is the low adoption of the New Theoretical Agriculture because most of the farmers attitude are focus on the profitable concern which the new theoretical agriculture concept is focus on the sufficiency agriculture and self-reliance.

2.3 Photos of the Approach

General remarks regarding photos:

-

2.4 Videos of the Approach

Comments, short description:

-

Date:

13/07/2016

Location:

47 Moo3 Tambon RAmpan Thamai District,Chantaburi province

Name of videographer:

LDD

2.5 Country/ region/ locations where the Approach has been applied

Country:

Thailand

Region/ State/ Province:

Chantaburi province

Further specification of location:

47 Moo3 Tambon RAmpan Thamai District,Chantaburi province

Comments:

-

2.6 Dates of initiation and termination of the Approach

Indicate year of initiation:

2007

If precise year is not known, indicate approximate date when the Approach was initiated:

10-50 years ago

Comments:

-

2.7 Type of Approach

  • project/ programme based

2.8 Main aims/ objectives of the Approach

The soil volunteer doctors network was aimed to be a forum among soil volunteer doctors and Land development Department working together closely as their set up roles. The facilitation , work connection ,supporting each others among them are the roles of the network.

2.9 Conditions enabling or hindering implementation of the Technology/ Technologies applied under the Approach

social/ cultural/ religious norms and values
  • enabling

thai culture and norm that make they help among each others and the communities as well

availability/ access to financial resources and services
  • enabling

there are availability of credit such as BAAC ,Community fund Community saving group กลุ่มแม่บ้าน ที่สามารถให้กู้ยืมได้

  • hindering

the credit loan condition is not meet to the farmers qualification ,it make limited to the credit.

institutional setting
  • enabling

-

collaboration/ coordination of actors
  • enabling

various MOAC agencies integrated in working and support the promotion of the New theoretical Agriculture

legal framework (land tenure, land and water use rights)
  • enabling

-

policies
  • enabling

there was 5 coordination project to continue the king RAMA the nine initiative theory ,The integration of the agencies to drive the project ,technology transfer ,support /subsidy the inputs ,do the public relation and project monitoring & evaluation

land governance (decision-making, implementation and enforcement)
  • enabling

The new theoretical Agriculture is the efficiency land use for small scale farmers ,the technology transfer will make more adopted farmers .and more efficiency use

knowledge about SLM, access to technical support
  • enabling

land users gained knowledge on the New Theoretical agriculture,sel sufficiency economy and be able to applied to their farm and life.
Land Development Department supported well digging ,on farm infra structure development. soil test service supported farm inputs provide technical knowledge through Soil Volunteer Doctors Network and Land Development Learning plot Royal project office and various agencies of MOAC supported and promoted the approach

markets (to purchase inputs, sell products) and prices
  • enabling

there was a market for organic /safety products. It make more interested for farmers to produced .

  • hindering

the crop price was drop off as para rubber

workload, availability of manpower
  • hindering

shortage of farm labor ,high cost of labor .They need to use family member or labor pool

3. Participation and roles of stakeholders involved

3.1 Stakeholders involved in the Approach and their roles

  • local land users/ local communities

farmer in the community

The New theoretical Agriculture knowledge have been transfer by training ti the target farmers and they change their practice through the concept of the technology as the live with the self sufficiency economy concept which make them more self reliance

  • SLM specialists/ agricultural advisers

Land development Department
the Office of the Royal Development Projects

Land development Department
the Office of the Royal Development Projects take the farmers to visit the New theoretical Agriculture demonstration site ,to learn and sharing the experiences

  • researchers

researchers from Land development Department

use the farmer field as the field trial to study
-The use of organic acid from bio fermented solution to replace the synthetic formic acid -
-Field trial on the use vetiver grass for moisture keeping,fertility and reduce erosion practice in longong plantation
-Soil acidity management for Dragon fruit cropping

  • teachers/ school children/ students

Burapha University students

visiting practice and got the lesson learn and report

  • local government

local government

support the center

หน่วยงานทหาร เข้ามาศึกษาดูงาน

-

If several stakeholders were involved, indicate lead agency:

-

3.2 Involvement of local land users/ local communities in the different phases of the Approach
Involvement of local land users/ local communities Specify who was involved and describe activities
initiation/ motivation interactive Land Development Department selected and appointed volunteer lead farmers in the village level, The Department of Land Development and lead farmers who work as the soil volunteers doctors in the village level will select the representative in the village to be the president in the district level
planning interactive Land Development Department set up the network of Soil Volunteer Doctors at the community or moo ban level as to be the knowledge exchange forum ,technology transfer from the soil doctors to the farmers
implementation interactive Land Development Department setup the knowledge exchange forum for the soil volunteer doctors in each network hierarchy was set up. The network of Soil volunteer doctors in each level will provide information ,news and public relation to their members. The soil volunteer doctors network will provide extension ,promotion and technology transfer to their communities. Land Development Department will provide the training program for soil volunteer doctors
monitoring/ evaluation interactive Land development Department do monitoring and evaluation
-

3.3 Flow chart (if available)

Description:

-

Author:

-

3.4 Decision-making on the selection of SLM Technology/ Technologies

Specify who decided on the selection of the Technology/ Technologies to be implemented:
  • mainly land users, supported by SLM specialists
Explain:

land users and network got the technology transfer and supported from LDD and the Office of the Royal Development Projects

Specify on what basis decisions were made:
  • personal experience and opinions (undocumented)
  • supported from Government agencies

4. Technical support, capacity building, and knowledge management

4.1 Capacity building/ training

Was training provided to land users/ other stakeholders?

Yes

Specify who was trained:
  • land users
If relevant, specify gender, age, status, ethnicity, etc.

-

Form of training:
  • on-the-job
  • farmer-to-farmer
  • public meetings
Subjects covered:

The New Theoretical Agriculture curriculum content are The king knowledge, The New Theoretical Agriculture concept ,the farm planning ,the production planning ,the cost reduction knowledge ,the income generate knowledge and the household account

Comments:

more knowledge of The New Theoretical Agriculture and the King knowledge

4.2 Advisory service

Do land users have access to an advisory service?

Yes

Specify whether advisory service is provided:
  • on land users' fields
Describe/ comments:

The farmer who interested in the New Theoretical Agriculture could visit and learn at the center at the the New Theoretical Agriculture Demonstration plot Ms Mali Khanthira Tambon Ramphan ,Thamai District Chathaburi province phone 065-6903985

4.3 Institution strengthening (organizational development)

Have institutions been established or strengthened through the Approach?
  • no

4.4 Monitoring and evaluation

Is monitoring and evaluation part of the Approach?

Yes

Comments:

there are monitoring and evaluation program from the agencies under the MOAC

Comments:

-

4.5 Research

Was research part of the Approach?

No

5. Financing and external material support

5.1 Annual budget for the SLM component of the Approach

If precise annual budget is not known, indicate range:
  • < 2,000
Comments (e.g. main sources of funding/ major donors):

Land Developmnt Department

5.2 Financial/ material support provided to land users

Did land users receive financial/ material support for implementing the Technology/ Technologies?

Yes

If yes, specify type(s) of support, conditions, and provider(s):

Land development department supported the implement of the New theoretical Agriculture through the financial support,farm inputs .

5.3 Subsidies for specific inputs (including labour)

  • agricultural
Specify which inputs were subsidised To which extent Specify subsidies
seeds partly financed 5,000
ปูนโดโลไมท์ ปูนมาร์ล 50,800
If labour by land users was a substantial input, was it:
  • rewarded with other material support
Comments:

Land Development Department supported farm inputs such as marl /lime jack bean seed,Innoculants for compost making /bio fermented solution ,plot sign etc.

5.4 Credit

Was credit provided under the Approach for SLM activities?

Yes

Specify conditions (interest rate, payback, etc.):

-

Specify credit providers:

Community fund ,Saving group for production (member monthly saving 100 baht and they can get loan from that fund)

Specify credit receivers:

Farmer group

5.5 Other incentives or instruments

Were other incentives or instruments used to promote implementation of SLM Technologies?

Yes

If yes, specify:

The NEw Theoretical learning point by the Soil Volunteer Doctor with the Soil Volunteer Doctor Network

6. Impact analysis and concluding statements

6.1 Impacts of the Approach

Did the Approach empower local land users, improve stakeholder participation?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

after applied the new theoretical agriculture ,farmers income was increase (more various crops and farmer grouping

Did the Approach enable evidence-based decision-making?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

farmer change cropping pattern from single crop to integrated crop production moving forwards to self reliance

Did the Approach help land users to implement and maintain SLM Technologies?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

the knowledge sharing to the neighbor farmers make change to them

Did the Approach improve coordination and cost-effective implementation of SLM?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

the Soil volunteer doctor network ,farmer group ,crop processing group and knowledge sharing forum

Did the Approach mobilize/ improve access to financial resources for SLM implementation?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

the networking make it easy to access to finance/credit and community fund ,low interest for agriculture

Did the Approach improve knowledge and capacities of land users to implement SLM?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

public sector provided the training program and technology transfer on the new theoretical agriculture to farmers

Did the Approach improve knowledge and capacities of other stakeholders?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

public sector provided the training program and technology transfer on the new theoretical agriculture to farmers

Did the Approach encourage young people/ the next generation of land users to engage in SLM?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

there was a media distribution on the new theoretical agriculture such as TV and radio program,make new generation getting to know the matter of the new theoretical and adopted

Did the Approach lead to improved food security/ improved nutrition?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

the products of the new theoretical agriculture was organic products ,safety products

Did the Approach improve access to markets?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

various safety farm products ,meet to the market demand

6.2 Main motivation of land users to implement SLM

  • increased production

more type of crop production pattern

  • increased profit(ability), improved cost-benefit-ratio

more circulate income,farmer have the sufficient economy life.

  • reduced land degradation

the products from the new theoretical agriculture are organic products ,restore land degradation

  • affiliation to movement/ project/ group/ networks

strengthen the Soil Volunteer Doctor Network

  • enhanced SLM knowledge and skills

regularly Practice and field visiting

6.3 Sustainability of Approach activities

Can the land users sustain what has been implemented through the Approach (without external support)?
  • yes
If yes, describe how:

the Soil Volunteer Doctor Network applied the concept of the new theoretical agriculture to their farm ,make them more self reliance ,use their own family member power , have the sufficient economy life ,and convey the knowledge /technology to their neighbor farmers.

6.4 Strengths/ advantages of the Approach

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
farmers have better living ,be able to self reliance
Government sector supported the implementation of the new theoretical agriculture approach and the promotion activities of the Soil Volunteer Doctors Network
Farmer unity ,love and Strengthen are the effected of Farmer Grouping
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
Government agencies is the key organization who supported ,promotion the the new theoretical agriculture
the new theoretical agriculture is focus on safety products production ,organic substance ,make use of farm waste recycle as compost bio fermented solution which reduced cost of production

6.5 Weaknesses/ disadvantages of the Approach and ways of overcoming them

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the land user’s view How can they be overcome?
shortage of labor,costly labor house hold labor or farm machinery
lack of crop production knowledge explore more knowledge
insufficiency of water resources for farming increase more capacity to keep more water longer such as dig more well -/or underground water ,dredge the natural canal ,pump the water and keep in the farm
Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view How can they be overcome?
The limitation of the networking is the low adoption of the New Theoretical Agriculture because most of the farmers attitude are focus on the profitable concern which the new theoretical agriculture concept is focus on the sufficiency agriculture and self-reliance. awareness raising ,campaign to the new theoretical agriculture concept is focus on the sufficiency agriculture and self-reliance.

7. References and links

7.1 Methods/ sources of information

  • field visits, field surveys

-

  • interviews with land users

5

  • interviews with SLM specialists/ experts

1

7.2 References to available publications

Title, author, year, ISBN:

-

Available from where? Costs?

-

7.3 Links to relevant information which is available online

Title/ description:

-

URL:

-

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