Approaches

Coffee cultivation between big trees in sloping fallows [Lao People's Democratic Republic]

technologies_2688 - Lao People's Democratic Republic

Completeness: 25%

1. General information

1.2 Contact details of resource persons and institutions involved in the assessment and documentation of the Approach

Name of project which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Scaling-up SLM practices by smallholder farmers (IFAD)
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI) - Lao People's Democratic Republic

1.3 Conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT

When were the data compiled (in the field)?

17/05/2017

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:

Yes

2. Description of the SLM Approach

2.3 Photos of the Approach

2.5 Country/ region/ locations where the Approach has been applied

Country:

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Region/ State/ Province:

Attapue province

Further specification of location:

Xanxay district

6. Impact analysis and concluding statements

6.4 Strengths/ advantages of the Approach

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
Unnecessary to slash and burn clearance as bigger trees have to be retained.
The coffee plantation can protect the environment and forest.
Farmers can sell their coffee that generate good household income.
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
Ecosystem sustainability and increased biodiversity.
Increase in forest cover and stabilization of shifting cultivation.
Reduced encroachment in agricultural lands of other local land users.

6.5 Weaknesses/ disadvantages of the Approach and ways of overcoming them

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the land user’s view How can they be overcome?
The local land users still lack knowledge and skills to estimate necessary amount of retaining vegetation or big trees which is different to complete clearance and burning. The need to engage skilled labour to provide advice during land preparation.
Some coffee plantations are not maintained effectively enough. This promote bush and shrub growth and in consequence impede harvest of coffee beans. Therefore, the weeding requires intensive labours prior to coffee collection.
Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view How can they be overcome?
There are no rules or standard operating procedures regarding the selective clearance and retention of vegetation and trees. It needs advices from local expert who have skill to estimate on the number of trees to be maintained.
Most of the local land users select now land to grow coffee in slope areas where the land is limited. It is most suitable if local land users can establish coffee plantation near streams due to fertile soil with suitable climate.

7. References and links

7.1 Methods/ sources of information

  • field visits, field surveys

1

  • interviews with land users

1

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