Technologies

Мелиорация (известкование), повышение плодородия серых лесных почв Владимирского ополья [Russian Federation]

Мелиорация (известкование), повышение плодородия серых лесных почв Владимирского ополья

technologies_1262 - Russian Federation

Completeness: 53%

1. General information

1.2 Contact details of resource persons and institutions involved in the assessment and documentation of the Technology

Key resource person(s)

SLM specialist:

1.3 Conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:

Yes

1.4 Declaration on sustainability of the described Technology

Is the Technology described here problematic with regard to land degradation, so that it cannot be declared a sustainable land management technology?

No

2. Description of the SLM Technology

2.1 Short description of the Technology

Definition of the Technology:

Мелиорация (известкование) серых лесных почв Владимирского ополья, внесение удобрений.

2.2 Detailed description of the Technology

Description:

Мелиорация (известкование) серых лесных почв Владимирского ополья, выращивание однолетних культур в условиях семипольного севооборота, применение органических (навоз) и минеральных (азотных, фосфорных, калийных) удобрений.

Повышение плодородия почв, снижение деградации. Увеличение урожайности сельскохозяйственых культур. Уменьшение уплотения подпахотного слоя.

Известкование. Внесение удобрений. Агротехнологические мероприятия.

Владимирское ополье представляет собой восточную оконечность Клинско-Дмитровской гряды. Это высокое плато, сильно расчлененное глубоко врезанными лесными долинами, круто поднимающееся над обширными заселенными пространствами Нерль-Клязьминской низины. Абсолютные отметки водоразделов составляют от 160 до 230 м над уровнем моря. В центральной, наиболее приподнятой части Владимирского ополья преобладают водораздельные поверхности с абсолютными отметками 220-230 м.

2.3 Photos of the Technology

2.5 Country/ region/ locations where the Technology has been applied and which are covered by this assessment

Country:

Russian Federation

Region/ State/ Province:

Россия

Further specification of location:

Владимирская/Суздальский

Comments:

Общая площадь, на которой задействована технология, 0,005 Kм2.

2.6 Date of implementation

If precise year is not known, indicate approximate date:
  • 10-50 years ago

2.7 Introduction of the Technology

Specify how the Technology was introduced:
  • during experiments/ research
Comments (type of project, etc.):

Опыт был заложен в 1991 году.

3. Classification of the SLM Technology

3.2 Current land use type(s) where the Technology is applied

Cropland

Cropland

  • Annual cropping
  • Perennial (non-woody) cropping
Number of growing seasons per year:
  • 1
Specify:

Вегетативный период (дни): 110

Comments:

Образование плотного подпахотного слоя.
Затрудительная вспашка.

Используется следующий севооборот: однолетние травы (вико-овсяная смесь), озимая пшеница, овес с подсевом трав, травы 1 г.п., травы 2 г.п., озимая пшеница, ячмень .

3.4 Water supply

Comments:

Водопотребление: богарное, богарное

3.6 SLM measures comprising the Technology

agronomic measures

agronomic measures

  • A2: Organic matter/ soil fertility
vegetative measures

vegetative measures

  • V2: Grasses and perennial herbaceous plants
management measures

management measures

  • M4: Major change in timing of activities
  • M5: Control/ change of species composition
  • M6: Waste management (recycling, re-use or reduce)
  • M7: Others
Comments:

Тип агрономических мероприятий: сменное возделывание культур, посадка бобовых в междурядьях, навоз / компост / остатки, минеральные (неорганические) удобрения, почвоулучшитель (известь, гипс), разрушение плотной подпочвы

3.7 Main types of land degradation addressed by the Technology

chemical soil deterioration

chemical soil deterioration

  • Cn: fertility decline and reduced organic matter content (not caused by erosion)
biological degradation

biological degradation

  • Bq: quantity/ biomass decline

3.8 Prevention, reduction, or restoration of land degradation

Specify the goal of the Technology with regard to land degradation:
  • prevent land degradation
  • reduce land degradation

4. Technical specifications, implementation activities, inputs, and costs

4.1 Technical drawing of the Technology

5. Natural and human environment

5.1 Climate

Annual rainfall
  • < 250 mm
  • 251-500 mm
  • 501-750 mm
  • 751-1,000 mm
  • 1,001-1,500 mm
  • 1,501-2,000 mm
  • 2,001-3,000 mm
  • 3,001-4,000 mm
  • > 4,000 mm
Agro-climatic zone
  • sub-humid

Термический класс климата: умеренный

5.2 Topography

Slopes on average:
  • flat (0-2%)
  • gentle (3-5%)
  • moderate (6-10%)
  • rolling (11-15%)
  • hilly (16-30%)
  • steep (31-60%)
  • very steep (>60%)
Landforms:
  • plateau/plains
  • ridges
  • mountain slopes
  • hill slopes
  • footslopes
  • valley floors
Altitudinal zone:
  • 0-100 m a.s.l.
  • 101-500 m a.s.l.
  • 501-1,000 m a.s.l.
  • 1,001-1,500 m a.s.l.
  • 1,501-2,000 m a.s.l.
  • 2,001-2,500 m a.s.l.
  • 2,501-3,000 m a.s.l.
  • 3,001-4,000 m a.s.l.
  • > 4,000 m a.s.l.

5.3 Soils

Soil depth on average:
  • very shallow (0-20 cm)
  • shallow (21-50 cm)
  • moderately deep (51-80 cm)
  • deep (81-120 cm)
  • very deep (> 120 cm)
Soil texture (topsoil):
  • medium (loamy, silty)
  • fine/ heavy (clay)
Topsoil organic matter:
  • high (>3%)

5.4 Water availability and quality

Ground water table:

5-50 m

5.5 Biodiversity

Species diversity:
  • high

5.6 Characteristics of land users applying the Technology

Level of mechanization:
  • mechanized/ motorized

6. Impacts and concluding statements

6.1 On-site impacts the Technology has shown

Socio-economic impacts

Production

crop production

decreased
increased
Quantity before SLM:

25 ц/га

Quantity after SLM:

36 ц/га

fodder production

decreased
increased

Ecological impacts

Soil

soil organic matter/ below ground C

decreased
increased
Biodiversity: vegetation, animals

biomass/ above ground C

decreased
increased

6.3 Exposure and sensitivity of the Technology to gradual climate change and climate-related extremes/ disasters (as perceived by land users)

Gradual climate change

Gradual climate change
Season increase or decrease How does the Technology cope with it?
annual temperature increase not known

Climate-related extremes (disasters)

Meteorological disasters
How does the Technology cope with it?
local rainstorm not well
local windstorm not known
Climatological disasters
How does the Technology cope with it?
drought not well
Hydrological disasters
How does the Technology cope with it?
general (river) flood not known

Other climate-related consequences

Other climate-related consequences
How does the Technology cope with it?
reduced growing period not known

6.7 Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities of the Technology

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
Не требует высокотехнологичного оборудования .
Увеличение урожайности сельскохозяйственных культур севооборота .
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
Технология может быть применима на серых лесных почвах других ополий .
Относительно малозатратная технология .
Рекомендуемые дозы органических и минеральных удобрений не наносят вред экосистеме .
Улучшение физико-химических свойств почвы .

6.8 Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks of the Technology and ways of overcoming them

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view How can they be overcome?
Трудоемкость .

7. References and links

7.1 Methods/ sources of information

  • field visits, field surveys
  • interviews with land users
When were the data compiled (in the field)?

01/06/2015

7.2 References to available publications

Title, author, year, ISBN:

Справочник агрохимика автор Богдевич И. М. , Лапа В. В , Смеян Н. И. ,год издания 2007 .

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