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A mini wetland system. [Сент Люси ]

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Тайлагнах Этгээд: Saint Lucia

Маягтад оруулсан технологи, эсвэл түүний аль нэг хэсэг, өмчийн аливаа нэг эрхээр хамгаалагдсан эсэхийг тодруулна уу. : Үгүй

Бүрэн гүйцэд байдал: 89%

Ерөнхий мэдээлэл

Ерөнхий мэдээлэл

Шилдэг туршлагын нэршил :

A mini wetland system.

Улс :

Сент Люси

Тайлагнах Этгээд:

Saint Lucia

Хөрөнгийн эрх

Маягтад оруулсан технологи, эсвэл түүний аль нэг хэсэг, өмчийн аливаа нэг эрхээр хамгаалагдсан эсэхийг тодруулна уу. :

Үгүй

Ангилал

Тодорхой байршилд газар ашиглалтын давуу тал

  • Тариалангийн талбай
  • Бэлчээрийн талбай
  • Ой мод
  • Бүтээмж үгүй газар
  • Суурьшлын бүс

Цөлжилт, газрын доройтол, гангийн (DLDD) арга хэмжээнд оруулах хувь нэмэр

  • Бууруулах

Стратеги зорилтод оруулах хувь нэмэр

  • Нөлөөлөлд өртсөн хүн амын амьдрах нөхцлийг сайжруулах
  • Нөлөөлөлд өртсөн экосистемийн нөхцлийг сайжруулах

Бусад сайн туршлагуудтай хэрхэн холбогдох вэ

  • Чадавхийг бэхжүүлэх, мэдлэг дээшлүүлэх
  • ЦГДГ болон ГТМ-ийн моиторинг, үнэлгээ / судалгаа
  • Санхүүжилт ба нөөцийн удирдлага
  • Оролцоо, хамтын ажиллагаа, сүлжээ

Үзүүлэлтүүд

Хэсэг 1. Шилдэг туршлагын агуулга: Нөхцөл байдал (хүн, байгалийн орчин)

Шилдэг туршлагын товч тодорхойлолт

This activity was what he called a wetland system, which entailed the construction of a concrete structure approximately 25-30 square feet in area, with a piping system used to transport sewage to the wetland. This wetland operates sort of like a soak away system but it is being used because of the geology of the area. Mr Verneuil   indicated that since the entire Aux Leon area is rock with no capacity for permeation, this wetland system may be the best solution at the moment. (See figure 1)
Figure 1

Байршил

Aux Leon(Fond D’Or Watershed)

Хэрэв байршил хил хязгаартай бол түүнийг га-гаар илэрхийлнэ үү:

3990.0

Байршилд амьдарч буй хүн амын тооцоо:

8624.0

Тодорхойлсон байршил доторх байгаль орчны товч тодорхойлолт.

The Fond D’Or watershed is the second largest in St. Lucia and comprises
approximately 9860 acres or 3990 hectares. Approximately 23% of the watershed
is under protection - Government Forest Reserves which are located in the upper
watershed. The Fond D’Or watershed is among the seven (7) of the 37
watersheds in St. Lucia that are an important source of water supply. The most
extensive area of natural forest is located along the northern ridge extending
from Dennery Knob towards Au Leon.

Байршил болон / эсвэл ойролцоо амьдардаг хүмүүсийн нийгэм, эдийн засгийн нөхцөл байдал

While much of the land in the watershed is under private land ownership,access to land for residential and economic use remains a key development issue in particular the lands not brought under management control since the
sale of Dennery Factory (former estate acquired by government in 1979 and
• The Fond D’Or Beach area should be preserved strictly for recreation.
Unemployment in the watershed is high especially among the youth and
outside agriculture and the distributive trades; while other sectors are at the
rudimentary stage of development.With increasing population growth and settlement expansion, prime
agricultural land is lost to settlement use.|
Agriculture (cultivation and livestock) is the dominant land use activity within
the Mabouya Valley accounting for almost 777 ha or 1919 acres of land in the
middle and lower watershed areas. Close to 1,124 acres or 12% of the Fond
d’Or River basin was classified as suitable for cultivation (classes I, II and III)
and is under intensive commercial farming.|

Хэсэг 2. Шийдвэрлэх асуудал (шууд болон шууд бус шалтгаан), шилдэг туршлагын зорилтууд

Шилдэг туршлагын шийдвэрлэсэн гол асуудлууд

The IWCAM project commissioned a study of sewage disposal systems in the Au Leon community where geology and population are factors that constrain the use of traditional septic and even pit latrines. The study revealed
that in addition to the aforementioned constraints, the inadequate water supply contributed to the poor sewage disposal practices. The use of dry ravines or bushes is the dominant method; however most expressed willingness to use improved alternatives if these are present.|

Шилдэг туршлагын шийдвэрлэсэн газрын доройтлын асуудлуудыг дүрслэх

This activity  called a wetland system, which entails the construction of a concrete structure approximately 25-30 square feet in area, with a piping system used to transport sewage to the wetland. This wetland operates sort of like a soak away system but it is being used because of the geology of the area.Since the entire Aux Leon area is rock with no capacity for permeation, this wetland system may be the best solution at the moment,to address ravine/river water pollution problems.
Sewage is diverted from approximately three households, using a series of PVC piping, as seen in figure 1. After construction, wild ginger is planted within the wetland to help absorb the nitrates from the sewage, thus releasing water of a much lower ecoli count into the ravine. The disparity  between the ecoli count before and after entry into the wetland system is quite significant according to Mr.Verneuil,project liason officer.|

Шилдэг туршлагын зорилтуудыг тодорхойлно уу

The primary objective of the best practice is to facilitate the improvement of the quality of waste water which is discharged into ravines,streams and rivers within the project area,to create  more favourable environmental conditions for ecosystems and people within the community.|

Хэсэг 3. Үйл ажиллагаа

Үндсэн үйл ажиллагааны товч танилцуулга, зорилтуудаар

Selection of sites to establish demonstration mini-wetland system and facilitate establishment.
Public awareness and sensitisation activities were conducted to involve and help improve on the knowledge base of community members.
Training activities were conducted to increase capacity of the members of the community,in terms of establishing the system.|

Технологийн техникийн нөхцөл ба товч тодорхойлолт

This activity  which is called a mini wetland system, which entails the construction of a concrete structure approximately 25-30 square feet in area, with a piping system used to transport sewage to the wetland. This wetland operates sort of like a soak away system but it is being used because of the geology of the area. Since the entire Aux Leon area is rock with no capacity for permeation, this wetland system may be the best solution at the moment.
Sewage is diverted from approximately three households, using a series of PVC piping, as seen in figure 1. After construction, wild ginger is planted within the wetland to help absorb the nitrates from the sewage, thus releasing water of a much lower ecoli count into the ravine. The disparity  between the ecoli count before and after entry into the wetland system is quite significant(    ) According to Mr. |
concrete structure approximately 25-30 square feet in area, with a piping system used to transport sewage to the wetland.Sewage is diverted from households, using a series of PVC piping.After construction, wild ginger is planted within the wetland to help absorb the nitrates from the sewage, thus releasing water of a much lower ecoli count into the ravine.|

Хэсэг 4. Оролцогч байгууллагууд / талууд (хамтын ажиллагаа, оролцоо, оролцогч талуудын үүрэг)

Технологи боловсруулсан байгууллагын нэр, хаяг


The IWCAM project;Mabouya Valley(Ministry of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries)|Castries,Saint Lucia.

Технологи нь түншлэлийг хөгжүүлсэн уу?

Тийм

Түншүүдийн жагсаалт:

Ministries of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries.|Ministry of Health|Caribbean Environmental Health Institute(CEHI)|IWCAM Project.|Fond D'or Watershed Management Committee.(FDWMC)|Community of Aux Leon|Ministry of Social Transformation.

Технологи ямар хүрээнд хэлэлцэгдэж баримтжуулагдсаныг тодорхойлно уу

  • Төсөл/хөтөлбөрийн санаачлага

Олон нутгийн сонирхогч талууд, түүн дотроо ИНБ-ын оролцоо, технологийг илүү сайжруулахад түлхэц үзүүлсэн үү?

Тийм

Оролцсон орон нутгийн оролцогч талуудын жагсаалт:

The community of Au Leon|(FDWMC) Fond D’Or Watershed Management Committee

Дээр дурдсан сонирхогч талуудын хувьд, технологийн дизайн, танилцуулга, ашиглалт, засвар үйлчилгээний үүргийг тодорхойлно уу.

These stakeholders were involved in brainstorming sessions, identifying the issues involved and working on solutions to address these issues.Consultations were held and meetings and fieldtrips were convened to develop this system.Community members were trained to construct these mini systems and actually were the ones who eventually established them in the field,with supervision being provided by IWCAM project liason officer and other government agencies,ministry of Agriculture and Health.CEHI provided technical assistance in relation to water testing activities.|

Тухайн байршилд болон түүний ойр орчимд амьдрах ард иргэд технологи хөгжүүлэхэд оролцсон уу?

Тийм

Юуны тусламжтайгаар?
  • Зөвлөх үйлчилгээ
  • Оролцооны аргачлал

Дүн шинжилгээ

Хэсэг 5. Нөлөөлөлд хувь нэмэр

Талбай дахь үр нөлөөг тодорхойлно уу (гол хоёр үр нөлөөг төрлөөр)

The haphazard development of land, resulting from the absence of a plan framework, poor planning enforcement and squatting, has led to inefficient
and unprogessive settlements that are difficult to regularise and access, for example Au Leon.Sewage issues resulting from poor geology are also
prominen|
After construction, wild ginger is planted within the wetland to help absorb the nitrates from the sewage, thus releasing water of a much lower ecoli count into the ravine. The disparity  between the ecoli count before and after entry into the wetland system is quite significant|
Water quality, adequate supply and a functioning distribution system are
issues of grave concern to the watershed, its people and users.
Contamination of water intakes from human activity and the absence of
laws\policies to protect these critical areas are major weaknesses. |

Тадбайн гадна илэрсэн хамгийн чухал хоёр нөлөөг (өөрөөр хэлбэл тухайн талбайд үгүй харин эргэн тойронд байгаа) тодорхойлно уу

Because of improvement in water quality,the quality of lives of community residents is sure to improve in various respects(Recreation,Health etc.)|
Off site impacts have basically to do with improvement of the quality of water which flow within rivers and streams at the lower watershed region,which is beneficial to the rivarine ecosystems and people within the watershed.|

Биологийн төрөл зүйл, уур амьсгалын өөрчлөлтийн нөлөөлөл

Шалтгааныг тайлбарлана уу: :

This system, which deals with improvement of water quality flowing in rivers within the watershed,will decrease the levels of Eutrophication, which will be prove essential for the protection and wellbeing of rivarine ecosystems.|

Зардал-үр ашгийн шинжилгээ хийгдсэн үү?

Зардал-үр ашгийн шинжилгээ хийгдсэн үү?

Үгүй

Бүлэг 6. Нэвтрүүлэх ба хуулбарлах боломж

Технологийг бусад газарт танилцуулж/нэвтрүүлсэн байсан уу?

Технологийг бусад газарт танилцуулж/нэвтрүүлсэн байсан уу?

Үгүй

Шилдэг туршлага / технологийг амжилтанд хүргэхэд хүргэсэн гурван үндсэн нөхцөлийг та тодорхойлж чадах уу?

The actual situation which existed within the area,highlighted the very urgent need to address these problems.It was obvious to all stakeholders that something needed to be done.|
The very active Fond d'or Watershed Management Committee and cooperation of the Aux Leon Community.Both groups were very instrumental in the development and establishment of the best practice.
The introduction of the IWCAM project,with available funds.well structured and managed project with dedicated personel.|

Хуулбарлах боломж

Таны бодлоор таны санал болгож буй сайн туршлага ба технологийг өөр газар ямар нэг зүйлийг нь өөрчилж, засч, шинэчилэх замаар хуулбарлан хэрэгжүүлж болох уу?

Тийм

Аль түвшинд?
  • Орон нутгийн
  • Хагас үндэсний
  • Үндэсний
  • Хагас бүс нутгийн
  • Бүс нутгийн

Хэсэг 7. Сургамж

Хүний нөөцтэй холбоотой

This system do not require a large quantity of human resources for establishment and maintenance.

Санхүүгийн нөөцтэй холбоотой

The system do not require vast amounts of financial resources to establish and maintain.

Техникийн нөөцтэй холбоотой

The system is not very complicated to establish and can be replicated very easily in other areas.

Модулууд