Approaches

Participatory and Inovative ideas [Bangladesh]

approaches_2402 - Bangladesh

Completeness: 78%

1. Informação geral

1.2 Detalhes do contato das pessoas capacitadas e instituições envolvidas na avaliação e documentação da abordagem.

Pessoa(s)-chave

SLM specialist:
SLM specialist:
SLM specialist:
SLM specialist:
Name of project which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
The Village Common Forest Project, Bangladesh (VCF)
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Chittagong Hill Tracts Development Board (CHTDB) - Bangladesh
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Soil Resource Development Institute (SRDI) (Soil Resource Development Institute (SRDI)) - Bangladesh
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Animation Liberate For Organize (ALO) - Bangladesh

1.3 Condições em relação ao uso da informação documentada através de WOCAT

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:

Sim

1.4 Referência ao(s) questionário(s) sobre tecnologias da gestão sustentável da terra

Hill Agroforestry
technologies

Hill Agroforestry [Bangladesh]

Mixed fruits gardening on hill slope with forest trees on hill top and bamboo at the lower part of the hill.

  • Compilador/a: Jalal Uddin Md. Shoaib

2. Descrição da abordagem de gestão sustentável da terra

2.1 Descrição curta da abordagem

Active participation with innovative ideas to change livelihood adapting parmanent farming in hill region.

2.2 Descrição detalhada da abordagem

Descrição detalhada da abordagem:

Aims / objectives: (1) To show/demonstrate how to live on hill farming and sustain livelihood in degraded situation and (2) To show how to utilize hill slopes for better production system.

Methods: Contact with line agencies after having land ownership. Discussion among the members. Collection of planting materials from BARI. Gradual and sequential implementation in selected area. Adaption to cope with the labor shortage and capital.

Stages of implementation: Ensure credit from bank (Agricultural Bank). Planting seedlings and /or grafted planting materials collected from BARI, Watch and ward.

Role of stakeholders: Active participation of both male and female members of the family.

Other important information: Asisstance from other agencies like Directorate of Agricultural Extension (DAE), Chittagong Hill Tracts Development Board (CHTDB) and District adminstration to get the land ownership and technolgy adoption enhances the initiative.

2.5 País/região/locais onde a abordagem foi aplicada

Country:

Bangladesh

Region/ State/ Province:

Khagrachari Hill District

Further specification of location:

Comilla

Comments:

There are originally 4 families with 5 acres of leased land and 9 families setlled afterwards purshing 20 acres and leased 5 acres. But the total area was treated as 100 acres.

2.6 Datas de início e término da abordagem

Indique o ano de início:

2001

Ano de término (caso a abordagem não seja mais aplicada):

2003

2.7 Tipo de abordagem

  • Baseado em projeto/programa

2.8 Principais metas/objetivos da abordagem

The Approach focused mainly on other activities than SLM (Pineapples along the contour, inter-cropping with long-term fruit trees, forest on top and bamboo at lower part of the hill slopes.)

Better livelihood, more income, self employment and utilization of degreded hiill areas.

The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: Technical: Layout of pineapple along the contour; choice fruit trees suitable for the area, aspect and position on slope. Financial: Lack of fund for plantation, fertilizer, seed or seedlings, labor.

2.9 Condição que propiciam ou inibem a implementação de tecnologia/tecnologias aplicada(s) segundo a abordagem

Disponibilidade/acesso a recursos e serviços financeiros
  • Inibitivo

Inadequate and peek period unavailabilty of fund hinder implementation of the program.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Timely and easy funding option.

Quadro jurídico (posse de terra, direitos de uso da terra e da água)
  • Propício

The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights greatly helped the approach implementation: They took as their own land to be managed.

Conhecimento sobre gestão sustentável da terra, acesso a suporte técnico
  • Inibitivo

Lack of appropriate technical know-how.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Strong training and motivation/stowardship.

Mercados (para comprar entradas, vender produtos) e preços
  • Propício

They took as their own land to be managed.

  • Inibitivo

No body will care about SWC if the land is not owned by themselves.

3. Participação e papel das partes interessadas envolvidas

3.1 Partes interessadas envolvidas na abordagem e seus papéis

  • Usuários de terra/comunidades locais

The inhabitants of the study area are of same ethnic group form cooperative for managing their problems.

Incidently all households are from same community, where work is equally divided between men and women. Woman is the care taker of the family and men are employed.

  • Especialistas em gestão sustentável da terra/consultor agrícola
  • Pesquisadores

Research organization

  • Setor privado

Bank

  • Governo local
  • Governo nacional (planejadores, responsáveis pelas decisões)
3.2 Envolvimento do usuários de terra/comunidades locais nas diferentes fases da abordagem
Envolvimento do usuários de terra/comunidades locais Especifique quem estava envolvido e descreva as atividades
Iniciação/motivação Automobilização Mainly:Training, rapid/participatory rural appraisal; partly: public meetings; Initative from BARI was implemented through motivating and training the target farmers.
Planejamento Participativo Motivation, local knowledge; One to one and group approach.
Implementação Participativo casual labour; Labor shortage in peek period is one of the major constraints. To overcome the gap they share each other. Labor cost about $1.5/mandays. Wman labor paid less than the male labor.
Monitoramento/avaliação Participativo Mainly: interviews/questionnaires; partly: measurements/observations; Poor monitoring and evaluation of the farming system. Casual staff visit insufficient for having feed back.
Research Nenhum on-farm; Data collection and feedback.

3.4 Decisão sobre a seleção de tecnologia/tecnologias

Especifique quem decidiu sobre a seleção de tecnologia/tecnologias a serem implementadas:
  • Principalmente usuários da terra, apoiados por especialistas em gestão sustentável da terra
Explique:

Better land use supported to reseach and development issues on hill farming

Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by land users supported by SLM specialists. By imparting training and input support

4. Suporte técnico, reforço das capacidades e gestão do conhecimento

4.1 Reforço das capacidades/formação

Foi oferecida formação aos usuários da terra/outras partes interessadas?

Sim

Especifique quem foi capacitado:
  • Usuários de terra
Tipo de formação:
  • Agricultor para agricultor
  • Áreas de demonstração
  • Cursos
Assuntos abordados:

How to plan, planting in contour and maintaining

4.2 Serviço de consultoria

Os usuários de terra têm acesso a um serviço de consultoria?

Sim

Especifique se foi oferecido serviço de consultoria:
  • nas áreas dos usuários da terra
Descreva/comentários:

Name of method used for advisory service: Participatory and innovation; Key elements: 1 to 1, Emphasis on demonstration and documentation; 1) Advisory service was carried out through: projects own extension structure and agents 2) Advisory service was carried out through: projects own extension structure and agents; Extension staff: mainly government employees 3) Target groups for extension: land users; Activities: Mostly male members are included for motivating.

Advisory service is inadequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; Very weak linkage among the line organization

4.3 Fortalecimento da instituição (desenvolvimento organizacional)

As instituições foram fortalecidas ou estabelecidas através da abordagem?
  • Sim, pouco
Especifique a que nível (níveis) as instituições foram fortalecidas ou estabelecidas:
  • Local
Especifique o tipo de apoio:
  • Reforço das capacidades/formação

4.4 Monitoramento e avaliação

Monitoramento e avaliação são partes da abordagem?

Sim

Comments:

There were few changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: Sometime they visit the farmer for backup support of research.

4.5 Pesquisa

A pesquisa foi parte da abordagem?

Sim

Especifique os tópicos:
  • Tecnologia
Dê mais detalhes e indique quem realizou a pesquisa:

Data collection through observation or estimation. Basic reseach findings are absent.

Research was carried out both on station and on-farm

5. Financiamento e apoio material externo

5.1 Orçamento anual para o componente de gestão sustentável da terra da abordagem

Comentários (p. ex. principais fontes de recursos/principais doadores):

Approach costs were met by the following donors: local community / land user(s) (Loan from bank): 80.0%; other (Input): 20.0%

5.2 Apoio financeiro/material concedido aos usuários da terra

Os usuários da terra receberam apoio financeiro/material para a implementação de tecnologia/tecnologias?

Sim

5.3 Subsídios para entradas específicas (incluindo mão-de-obra)

  • Agrícola
Especifique quais entradas foram subsidiadas Em que medida Especifique os subsídios
Sementes Totalmente financiado
Fertilizantes Totalmente financiado
seedlings Totalmente financiado
Se a mão-de-obra pelos usuários da terra foi uma entrada substancial, isso foi:
  • Voluntário

5.4 Crédito

Foi concedido crédito segundo a abordagem para atividades de gestão sustentável da terra?

Sim

Especifique as condições (taxa de juros, reembolso, etc):

Interest rate charged: 6.0%; repayment conditions: To be paid in one year otherwise compound interest is charged..

Interest was lower than market rate.

Especifique os destinatários do crédito:

Woman are not illegible to get loan.

6. Análise de impactos e declarações finais

6.1 Impactos da abordagem

A abordagem auxiliou os usuários da terra a implementar e manter as tecnologias de gestão sustentável da terra?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

Contour planting, Slope management, inter cropping.

A abordagem melhorou as questões de posse de terra/diretos do usuário que inibiam a implementação das tecnologias de gestão sustentável da terra?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

No body will care about SWC if the land is not owned by themselves.

Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

There are some hamlets took the technogy. Such as Kiran Karbari para, Kulpara and Esa para.

6.3 Atividades de sustentabilidade de abordagem

Os usuários da terra podem manter o que foi implementado através da abordagem (sem apoio externo)?
  • Sim
Caso afirmativo, descreva como:

Fund constraints, inadequate marketing facilities. Weak marketing facilities may disrupt their wishes.

6.4 Pontos fortes/vantagens da abordagem

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
Permanent profession. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: More materials, biocides and equipment support.)
Awarness developed. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Strenthening training and motivation.)
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
Training and supportive inputs were provided. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Timely and adequate inputs should be provided.)
Monitoring and suppervision by BARI. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: More frequent and structured.)
Changes in attitude of the farmer. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Promotion of marketing specially agro base industry for pershable produces.)

6.5 Pontos fracos, desvantagens da tecnologia e formas de superá-los

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the land user’s view How can they be overcome?
Lack of fund. Fund from local bank should be provided.
Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view How can they be overcome?
Gender issues weakly addressed. More female members should be included.
Soil health preservation. Awarness to lookafter soil health improvement issues.
Uncertain marketing system. Establishment of agrobase industry.
Inacessibility to the marketing due peek production piriod. Dimand driven production.
Input base farming(lack of biocides). ensure all inputs.

7. Referências e links

7.1 Métodos/fontes de informação

  • field visits, field surveys
  • interviews with land users

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