Approaches

Community development appraoch [Uganda]

Okulakulanya Ebitundu (Luganda).

approaches_2473 - Uganda

Completeness: 81%

1. Informação geral

1.2 Detalhes do contato das pessoas capacitadas e instituições envolvidas na avaliação e documentação da abordagem.

Pessoa(s)-chave

SLM specialist:
SLM specialist:

Mazimakwo Kukundakwe

Kabale District

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Kiyingi Jamil

Rakai District

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Kategga Matia

Rakai District

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Mutagubya Joseph

Rakai District

Uganda

Name of project which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
The Transboundary Agro-ecosystem Management Project for the Kagera River Basin (GEF-FAO / Kagera TAMP )
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Kabale District Local Government (Kabale District Local Government) - Uganda
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Rakai District - Uganda

1.3 Condições em relação ao uso da informação documentada através de WOCAT

When were the data compiled (in the field)?

06/05/2013

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:

Sim

1.4 Referência ao(s) questionário(s) sobre tecnologias da gestão sustentável da terra

Ficus Natalensis Agroforestry System
technologies

Ficus Natalensis Agroforestry System [Uganda]

Ficus natalensis based agroforestry system protects crops on windy hill slopes facing Lake Victoria and reduce runoff towards the meandering Kagera River Valley.

  • Compilador/a: Wilson Bamwerinde

2. Descrição da abordagem de gestão sustentável da terra

2.1 Descrição curta da abordagem

The approach involves the community and other development partners identifying opportunities, challenges and appropriate solutions through collective action.

2.2 Descrição detalhada da abordagem

Descrição detalhada da abordagem:

Aims / objectives: To mobilize community members work together to find solution to community problems like environmental degradation , hunger and others with assistance of development partners.
To mobilize community resources to help in solving community problems e.g. labor, water. etc.

Methods: Community meeting between community leaders and SLM specialists.
Music , dance and drama to sensitize communities on sustainable land management.
Poster and IEC materials to sensitize farmers.
Hands on methods where farmers and other community members learnt by doing.

Stages of implementation: Initiation stage: This involved orientation meeting with community member & leaders to orient them about the project and roles of stakeholders.
Implementation stage; Each stakeholder carried out his/her role. This involved active participation /hand on of the farmers /land users.

Role of stakeholders: Community leaders ; Their role was mobilization of land users.
Farmers/land users: Participation in the implementation of the technology .Resource mobilization (local resources).
SLM Specialists (VI-Agroforestry): Provision of technical advice and information .Decision making, and making IEC materials.

2.5 País/região/locais onde a abordagem foi aplicada

Country:

Uganda

Region/ State/ Province:

Uganda

Further specification of location:

Rakai

2.6 Datas de início e término da abordagem

Indique o ano de início:

2003

Ano de término (caso a abordagem não seja mais aplicada):

2008

2.7 Tipo de abordagem

  • Baseado em projeto/programa

2.8 Principais metas/objetivos da abordagem

The Approach focused mainly on SLM with other activities (Household income, increased production )

To mobilize land users /community members to find a solution to community problems using community resources.
To sensitize communities on sustainable land management and environmental conservation.

The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: The problems include environmental degradation caused by deforestation . Low agricultural production , inadequate wood fuel.

2.9 Condição que propiciam ou inibem a implementação de tecnologia/tecnologias aplicada(s) segundo a abordagem

Disponibilidade/acesso a recursos e serviços financeiros
  • Inibitivo

Inadequate resources to purchase seedlings & tools by the land users

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Local resource mobilization by land users

Quadro jurídico (posse de terra, direitos de uso da terra e da água)
  • Propício

The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights moderately helped the approach implementation: The individual ownership of the land moderately help the approach as it made decision making easy.

3. Participação e papel das partes interessadas envolvidas

3.1 Partes interessadas envolvidas na abordagem e seus papéis

  • Usuários de terra/comunidades locais

Kijonjo parish -Kasasa Sub-county Rakai district

Both men and women, also the PWDs , widows, and orphans. Poor and average income.

  • Organização internacional

VI-Agro-forestry

Caso várias partes interessadas foram envolvidas, indique a agência líder:

The international specialists (VI-Agro forestry staff) designed the approach

3.2 Envolvimento do usuários de terra/comunidades locais nas diferentes fases da abordagem
Envolvimento do usuários de terra/comunidades locais Especifique quem estava envolvido e descreva as atividades
Iniciação/motivação Participativo Local leaders mobilized land users. SLM Specialists sensitized land users & their leaders on SLM .
Planejamento Participativo Land users were involved in information sharing. SLM Specialists provided technical guidance.
Implementação Participativo SLM Specialists gave technical advice to land users who were involved in active implementation of the project.
Monitoramento/avaliação Participativo The SLM Specialists were involved in M&E in consultation with land users.
Research Nenhum No research was conducted.

3.4 Decisão sobre a seleção de tecnologia/tecnologias

Especifique quem decidiu sobre a seleção de tecnologia/tecnologias a serem implementadas:
  • Principalmente usuários da terra, apoiados por especialistas em gestão sustentável da terra
Explique:

The decision on the SLM technology choice was made by land users under the guidance of SLM specialists.

Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by SLM specialists with consultation of land users. The decision on the method of implementing the SLM technology was largely made by SLM specialists in consultation of the land users and their leaders.

4. Suporte técnico, reforço das capacidades e gestão do conhecimento

4.1 Reforço das capacidades/formação

Foi oferecida formação aos usuários da terra/outras partes interessadas?

Sim

Especifique quem foi capacitado:
  • Usuários de terra
  • Village leaders.
Caso seja relevante, especifique gênero, idade, status, etnia, etc:

The training involved both men and women of working age.

Tipo de formação:
  • Em exercício
  • Agricultor para agricultor
Assuntos abordados:

Agroforestry and its significance in conservation, Climate change , Afforestation.

4.2 Serviço de consultoria

Os usuários de terra têm acesso a um serviço de consultoria?

Sim

Especifique se foi oferecido serviço de consultoria:
  • nas áreas dos usuários da terra
Descreva/comentários:

Name of method used for advisory service: Extension; Key elements: Technical advice. , Community empowerment.

Advisory service is inadequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; There is not enough advisory services to contribute to sustainable land conservation activities . There is one extension staff for each sub county who is not facilitated to visit the farmers.

4.3 Fortalecimento da instituição (desenvolvimento organizacional)

As instituições foram fortalecidas ou estabelecidas através da abordagem?
  • Sim, moderadamente
Especifique a que nível (níveis) as instituições foram fortalecidas ou estabelecidas:
  • Local
Especifique o tipo de apoio:
  • Reforço das capacidades/formação
Dê mais detalhes:

Village leaders.

4.4 Monitoramento e avaliação

Monitoramento e avaliação são partes da abordagem?

Sim

Comments:

technical aspects were regular monitored by project staff through measurements; indicators: Goals and objectives

economic / production aspects were regular monitored by project staff through observations; indicators: increased output and household income.

no. of land users involved aspects were ad hoc monitored by land users through observations; indicators: No. of male and female involved.

There were few changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: Yes there were few changes in the approach .e.g.. the consultations of land users in planning and monitoring of the SLM approach.

There were no changes in the Technology as a result of monitoring and evaluation

5. Financiamento e apoio material externo

5.1 Orçamento anual para o componente de gestão sustentável da terra da abordagem

Caso o orçamento exato seja desconhecido, indique a faixa:
  • 10.000-100.000
Comentários (p. ex. principais fontes de recursos/principais doadores):

Approach costs were met by the following donors: international non-government (VI-Agroforestry): 40.0%; local government (district, county, municipality, village etc) (Village councils): 5.0%; local community / land user(s) (Farmers): 55.0%

5.2 Apoio financeiro/material concedido aos usuários da terra

Os usuários da terra receberam apoio financeiro/material para a implementação de tecnologia/tecnologias?

Sim

5.3 Subsídios para entradas específicas (incluindo mão-de-obra)

  • other
Other (specify) Em que medida Especifique os subsídios
Software activities like trainings
Se a mão-de-obra pelos usuários da terra foi uma entrada substancial, isso foi:
  • Pago em dinheiro
Comments:

Casual laborers paid in cash on a salary basis.

The SLM Specialists only financed software activities like trainings.

5.4 Crédito

Foi concedido crédito segundo a abordagem para atividades de gestão sustentável da terra?

Não

6. Análise de impactos e declarações finais

6.1 Impactos da abordagem

A abordagem auxiliou os usuários da terra a implementar e manter as tecnologias de gestão sustentável da terra?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

There was improvement in SLM like increased vegetation cover, increased afforestation, and reduction of soil erosion & deforestation.

A abordagem concedeu autonomia aos grupos social e economicamente desfavorecidos?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

PWDs and orphans improved availability of food and other basic needs.

A abordagem melhorou as questões de posse de terra/diretos do usuário que inibiam a implementação das tecnologias de gestão sustentável da terra?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

The ownership /land user and water user rights had insignificant hindrance to the implementation of the technology.

Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

Land users in Kasasa & Kakuuto sub counties , about 50% of land users in the sub counties have gradually adopted the approach.

Did the Approach lead to improved livelihoods / human well-being?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

There was incomes of the people s moderate improvement in the household incomes of the people. There was also improved food security among households.

Did the Approach help to alleviate poverty?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

The approach helped to reduce the poverty levels by improving the household incomes, and food among various land users.

6.2 Principal motivação dos usuários da terra para implementar a gestão sustentável da terra

  • Lucro (lucrabilidade) aumentado, melhora da relação custo-benefício

increased production & income.

  • Consciência ambiental

Deforestation causes shortage of fuel.

  • well-being and livelihoods improvement

Improved household incomes.

6.3 Atividades de sustentabilidade de abordagem

Os usuários da terra podem manter o que foi implementado através da abordagem (sem apoio externo)?
  • Sim
Caso afirmativo, descreva como:

Through community and farmers groups, and through community resource mobilization.

6.4 Pontos fortes/vantagens da abordagem

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
The approach encourages involvement of farmers and other land users (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Increased involvement of farmers /land users in all stages of projects. )
The approach units the land user towards fighting community problems. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Deployment of more extension and advisory officers to work with land users. )
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
It enhances peoples participation. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Increased active participation of land users in all stages of the project. )
The approach encourages community resource mobilization. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Supplementing community resources with external support and subsidies. )
The approach encourages capacity building of land users. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Farmer field schools to enhance participatory learning that will lead to project sustainability. )

6.5 Pontos fracos, desvantagens da tecnologia e formas de superá-los

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the land user’s view How can they be overcome?
Inadequate external support for SLM activities. Provide adequate external support to supplement local resources to enhance SLM activities.
Inadequate training and awareness of SLM activities. More training and awareness creation on SLM activities through IEC materials like posters.
Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view How can they be overcome?
The approach did not involve external support & subsidies to enhance local resources. Providing subsidies & external support to enhance local community resources.
The training was short and had little lasting impact to SLM land users. Setting up farmer field schools to provide participatory learning to land users.
The approach dis not involve research on various aspects of the approach and technology. Conduct research before implementation of the project.

7. Referências e links

7.1 Métodos/fontes de informação

  • field visits, field surveys
  • interviews with land users

7.2 Referências às publicações disponíveis

Title, author, year, ISBN:

Rakai District Developement Plan 2010-2013 Rakai District Statistical Report 2009Natural Resources Evironmentaal Action Plan

Title, author, year, ISBN:

Rakai District Statistical Report 2009

Title, author, year, ISBN:

Natural Resources Environmental Action Plan

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