Approaches

Extension advisory service [Uganda]

Abalimisa

approaches_2475 - Uganda

Completeness: 75%

1. Informação geral

1.2 Detalhes do contato das pessoas capacitadas e instituições envolvidas na avaliação e documentação da abordagem.

Pessoa(s)-chave

SLM specialist:
SLM specialist:

Lugega Emm

Rakai district

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Kiyingi Jamil

Rakai district

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Mutagubya Joseph

Rakai district

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Mazimakwo Kukundakwe

Kabale district

Uganda

Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Rakai District - Uganda
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Kabale District Local Government (Kabale District Local Government) - Uganda

1.3 Condições em relação ao uso da informação documentada através de WOCAT

When were the data compiled (in the field)?

01/08/2011

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:

Sim

2. Descrição da abordagem de gestão sustentável da terra

2.1 Descrição curta da abordagem

Increasing farmers' outputs through use of extension advisory service on flat area of land.

2.2 Descrição detalhada da abordagem

Descrição detalhada da abordagem:

Aims / objectives: The main aim was to provide technical skills together with knowledge to farmers . It involves organizing of trainings through workshops mainly held on each parish of Kasasa sub county.

Methods: In implementation and adopting this approach various methods were used. These include organizing, training, between the farmers and the extension advisors (NAADS staff).
Demonstration was also used through farmer field schools through which farmers gain knowledge skills on how to apply the technology in their own gardens. This demonstration was at Mr. Kateregga Johnsons' garden.

Role of stakeholders: Farmers provided labour and at the same time acted as decision makers.

2.5 País/região/locais onde a abordagem foi aplicada

Country:

Uganda

2.6 Datas de início e término da abordagem

Indique o ano de início:

2004

Ano de término (caso a abordagem não seja mais aplicada):

2025

2.7 Tipo de abordagem

  • Baseado em projeto/programa

2.8 Principais metas/objetivos da abordagem

The Approach focused on SLM only

-To provide technical skills to the farmers.
-Ti increase agricultural outputs among farmers.
-To reduce soil erosion.

The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: -Lack of technical knowledge.
-Lack of cash to invest in SLM.
-Low agricultural outputs.

2.9 Condição que propiciam ou inibem a implementação de tecnologia/tecnologias aplicada(s) segundo a abordagem

Normas e valores sociais/culturais/religiosos
  • Inibitivo

Poverty due to low outputs among some farmers.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Provision of some schools to farmers.

Disponibilidade/acesso a recursos e serviços financeiros
  • Inibitivo

Inadequate money to invest in SLM.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Credit should be provided to farmers in form of loans.

Quadro jurídico (posse de terra, direitos de uso da terra e da água)
  • Propício

The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights moderately helped the approach implementation: most of land in Kasasa sub county is owned by individuals with land tittle , water is communal.

Conhecimento sobre gestão sustentável da terra, acesso a suporte técnico
  • Inibitivo

Lack of technical skill among the farmers.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Technical personnel should be provided.

3. Participação e papel das partes interessadas envolvidas

3.1 Partes interessadas envolvidas na abordagem e seus papéis

  • Usuários de terra/comunidades locais

They was agroup of farmers between the age of 40 -70 years.

men and women attened individually.

  • Especialistas em gestão sustentável da terra/consultor agrícola

Provide workshops

  • Governo local

Village farmers council , extension advisors.

  • Governo nacional (planejadores, responsáveis pelas decisões)
3.2 Envolvimento do usuários de terra/comunidades locais nas diferentes fases da abordagem
Envolvimento do usuários de terra/comunidades locais Especifique quem estava envolvido e descreva as atividades
Iniciação/motivação Nenhum
Planejamento Nenhum
Implementação Nenhum
Monitoramento/avaliação Nenhum
Research Nenhum

3.4 Decisão sobre a seleção de tecnologia/tecnologias

Especifique quem decidiu sobre a seleção de tecnologia/tecnologias a serem implementadas:
  • Principalmente usuários da terra, após consulta com usuários da terra
Explique:

Decision made by SLM specialist with consultation of farmers in the community

Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by land users supported by SLM specialists. Here decision made by skilled land users with the support from extension advisors, after the training.

4. Suporte técnico, reforço das capacidades e gestão do conhecimento

4.1 Reforço das capacidades/formação

Foi oferecida formação aos usuários da terra/outras partes interessadas?

Sim

Especifique quem foi capacitado:
  • Usuários de terra
Caso seja relevante, especifique gênero, idade, status, etnia, etc:

farmer groups , both youth, men & women.

Tipo de formação:
  • Agricultor para agricultor
Assuntos abordados:

provided conservation techniques and provided financial support to farmers.

4.2 Serviço de consultoria

Os usuários de terra têm acesso a um serviço de consultoria?

Sim

Especifique se foi oferecido serviço de consultoria:
  • nas áreas dos usuários da terra
Descreva/comentários:

Name of method used for advisory service: Training.; Key elements: Field visits., Demonstration of technologies (Farmer field schools); Training conducted effectively.

Advisory service is quite adequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; Due to financial support technical knowledge provided to farmers .there quite adequate ensures of land conservation continuation activities.

4.3 Fortalecimento da instituição (desenvolvimento organizacional)

As instituições foram fortalecidas ou estabelecidas através da abordagem?
  • Sim, moderadamente
Especifique a que nível (níveis) as instituições foram fortalecidas ou estabelecidas:
  • Local
Especifique o tipo de apoio:
  • Financeiro
  • Reforço das capacidades/formação
  • Equipamento
Dê mais detalhes:

Groups of farmers, village farmer councils got some financial support and training as well as inputs like hoes.

4.4 Monitoramento e avaliação

Monitoramento e avaliação são partes da abordagem?

Sim

Comments:

bio-physical aspects were regular monitored by land users through observations; indicators: soil erosion reduced by 65%.

technical aspects were regular monitored by project staff through observations; indicators: It sometimes performs well .

socio-cultural aspects were regular monitored by project staff through observations; indicators: farmers involvement increased.

economic / production aspects were regular monitored by project staff through observations; indicators: yield increased by 68%.

economic / production aspects were regular monitored by project staff through measurements; indicators: number moved up to 70%.

area treated aspects were regular monitored by project staff through observations; indicators: workshops & trainings provided.

area treated aspects were regular monitored by project staff through measurements

no. of land users involved aspects were monitored by project staff through observations

management of Approach aspects were monitored by project staff, land users through observations

There were several changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: farmers production increased and some farmers who attended the trainings can now train others.

There were several changes in the Technology as a result of monitoring and evaluation: There are some combinations of technologies, where by a farmer can do intercropping , but in the spaces left practices compositing also at the same garden.

4.5 Pesquisa

A pesquisa foi parte da abordagem?

Sim

Especifique os tópicos:
  • Tecnologia
Dê mais detalhes e indique quem realizou a pesquisa:

Research was conducted by SLM specialists to find out what kind of technology farmers should adopt to conserve land sustainably.

Research was carried out on-farm

5. Financiamento e apoio material externo

5.1 Orçamento anual para o componente de gestão sustentável da terra da abordagem

Caso o orçamento exato seja desconhecido, indique a faixa:
  • > 1.000.000
Comentários (p. ex. principais fontes de recursos/principais doadores):

Approach costs were met by the following donors: local government (district, county, municipality, village etc) (fuel cost, transport refund, financial support given to farmers, input costs, training fee. ): 98.0%; local community / land user(s) (in provision of some inputs): 2.0%

5.2 Apoio financeiro/material concedido aos usuários da terra

Os usuários da terra receberam apoio financeiro/material para a implementação de tecnologia/tecnologias?

Sim

5.3 Subsídios para entradas específicas (incluindo mão-de-obra)

  • Equipamento
Especifique quais entradas foram subsidiadas Em que medida Especifique os subsídios
Maquinário Totalmente financiado hoes,panga
  • Agrícola
Especifique quais entradas foram subsidiadas Em que medida Especifique os subsídios
Sementes Parcialmente financiado seeds of beans & maize.
Se a mão-de-obra pelos usuários da terra foi uma entrada substancial, isso foi:
  • Comida por trabalho
Comments:

Some worked for food-for-work , some heavy labour paid in cash especially the technical ones.

Financial support provided was not enough according to farmers , some needs unmet.

6. Análise de impactos e declarações finais

6.1 Impactos da abordagem

A abordagem auxiliou os usuários da terra a implementar e manter as tecnologias de gestão sustentável da terra?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

Technical knowledge provided to the land users can enable them to improve sustainable land management.

Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

There are some few traders of Kijonjo parish like 15 traders.

Did the Approach lead to improved livelihoods / human well-being?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

Farmers income raised due to increased yields , health standards also somehow raised.

Did the Approach help to alleviate poverty?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

Financial support given to farmers enabled them to improve in their agricultural activities which leads to high yields.

6.2 Principal motivação dos usuários da terra para implementar a gestão sustentável da terra

  • Produção aumentada

outputs increased.

  • Pagamentos/subsídios

They recieved financial support.

  • well-being and livelihoods improvement

income increase

6.3 Atividades de sustentabilidade de abordagem

Os usuários da terra podem manter o que foi implementado através da abordagem (sem apoio externo)?
  • Sim
Caso afirmativo, descreva como:

some few farmers especially the rich and those who gained a lot of technical knowledge. 20% can continue without any support, but others cannot manage to continue with approach activities.

6.4 Pontos fortes/vantagens da abordagem

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
1. Provides technical skills to farmers. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Farmers should always attend workshops. )
2. Provides agricultural inputs like hoes.
3. Provides financial support to farmers. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Lobbying for more financial support. )
4. Reduces soil erosion. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Practice more conservation activities. )
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
1. Reduces soil degradation. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Increase attitude towards conservation techniques. )
2. Provides technical knowledge to farmers. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Farmers should participate in workshops regularly. )
3. Stimulating agricultural outputs. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Quality seeds should be provided to farmers. )
4. Provides financial support to farmers. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Lobying for more support. )

7. Referências e links

7.1 Métodos/fontes de informação

  • field visits, field surveys
  • interviews with land users

7.2 Referências às publicações disponíveis

Title, author, year, ISBN:

Rakai district statistical report 2009Rakai district development plan 2010/2013.Natural environmental action plan (drafted from Kacwera).

Title, author, year, ISBN:

Rakai district development plan 2010/2013

Title, author, year, ISBN:

Natural environmental action plan (drafted from Kacwera)

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