Reversing the trend of reduced soil fertility, reduced yields and threatened livelihoods by restoring the natural balance of the soil through the use of compost and natural pesticides.|
TBI, Suriname www.tbisuriname.sr|
The farmers in horticulture are using a biological method to control the efects of pests and diseases ocurring during the harvesting of crops. This biological method implies that a seedextract of Crotalaria striata or Smooth rattlebox, a herbaceous plant, is dissolved in a certain proportion of water. This mixture is then poured around the crops every two weeks. This method does not kill the pests, namely nematodes, but supresses them enough so that the crops can grow well. Another biological pesticide is the use of extracts of tobaccoleaves to kill plant louses.
Suriname, district Saramacca|
Location is situated lies halfway the Atlantic coast in the north of Suriname.
Existing fauna and flora in this location are birds namely toucan and mash jay and primary tropical forest. Traditionally a lot of small- size agricultural familiyfarms have been established. Recently large-scale agricultural projects are developed mainly aimed at the production of banana and rice.
Soil in this location is very fertile but due to the use of synthetic fertilizers the fertility has reduced.
Soil consisit of 50 - 70% of clay and less than 2% of sand.
Information about the income level in this location is not available.
rights of ownership
The main income sources are agriculture, horticulture and petroleumextraction.|
- environmental friendly
- income security
The problem that this best practice addresses is the reduction of soil fertility due to the use of synthetic fertilizers which causes a scarce cropproduction. The ojective is to assist small farmers in the transition to competitive organic horticulture and the development of a sustainable agro supply chain.
-reduction of soil fertility
-damage to soil quality
The ojective is to assist small farmers in the transition to competitive organic horticulture and the development of a sustainable agro supply chain.
pest/disease - pesticide
1. plant louse seed extract of
smooth rattlebox or neem
2. round worm extract of tobacco leaves
3. cucumber moth neem extract/ dissolved soap
4. beetle flour solution
pest/disease - pesticide
1. white beans mite flour solution
2. mite neem extract
3. spring beetle extract of bitterwood/ quassia or
4. stemborer soapsolution
5. gall midge soapsolution
Abovementioned pests are common for crops such as paprica, pepper, lettuce, tomatoes, cabbage, chinese cabbage, soup greens, beans, black-eyed peas, cucumber. |
The farmers in horticulture are using a biological method to control the effects of pests and diseases ocurring during the harvesting of crops. This biological method implies that a seedextract of Crotalaria striata or Smooth rattlebox, a herbaceous plant, is solved in a certain proportion of water. |
No technical specifications available
- farmers in horticulture
The farmers were trained in the principles of organic horticulture meaning they were provided with hands- on experimentation with new practices
better crop yield
highly motivated farmers
Since TBI-Suriname has a good working relationship with the Faculty of Technology, research findings can be incorporated in the curriculum to further develop human capacity in this field|