有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (DEZA / COSUDE / DDC / SDC) - 瑞士
It is food for work based participatory approach, by which the land users takes part in all stages of conservation planning, implementation and evaluation.
Aims / objectives: The overall purpose of the approach is to achieve better SWC through promotion of participation, Awarness creation, better organization and better planning. The specific objective of the approach is to provide solutions for Top down approach, to achieve better quality work, to achieve better participation, to achieve better planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
Methods: There are different methods involved in the approach, to mention some: Wealth ranking, Vulnerability assessment and mapping.
Stages of implementation: The stages of implementations are planning, implenentation, monitoring and evaluation.
Role of stakeholders: The roles of the participants are sharing their views and opinions on the resources management and they contribute the full labour required for the activities.
The Approach focused on SLM only
Facilitate better achievments of SWC through promotion of participation, awarness creation, better organization, training skill upgrading and better planing
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: Topdown approach, poor participation and integration, poor planning, low quality of conservation activities and low level of awareness
Low level of awarness, cultural taboos and poor participation (especially for women)
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Awarness creation activities have been promoted using different methods
Lack of budget (for ttraining and petty cash)
Treatment through the SLM Approach: By project funding and through income generating activities
Office and staff shortage
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Enough staff should be recurited and offices should be constructed
Absence of policies on the appropraite use of natural resources
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Proper polcy formulation
Shortage of skilled manpower and absence of educated farmer
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Short and long term training
Working land users were mainly men (The conservation activities like Bench Terraces are considered heavly and labourious and mainly done by men whereas nursery activities are equally divided)
Local traditional men are considered as hard worker and labourious SWC activities are mainly done by men. Tedious works like bench terraces, ridge and basin etc. are mainly done by men. Less tedious activities like pitting, potting and planting are done by women and men equally. Farmers with very small land holdings participate during general LLPPA meetings
Ministry of Agriculture
WFP (World Food Programme)
The National and international SWC specialists together modified the minimum planning approach to LLPPA
|启动/动机||互动||Mainly:LLPPA; partly: public meetings|
|计划||互动||Mainly: LLPPA; partly: public meetings|
|实施||外部支持||responsibility for major steps|
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by land users supported by SLM specialists. consultative
- SWC specialists
Planning, skill upgrading and technical training on SWC
1) Advisory service was carried out through: government's existing extension system; Extension staff: mainly government employees
Advisory service is inadequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; in relation to SWC the extension is weak and it is crop biased
bio-physical aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations
technical aspects were regular monitored through measurements
socio-cultural aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations
area treated aspects were monitored through observations
no. of land users involved aspects were monitored through measurements
There were several changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: As a result of monitoring and evaluation the quality of work improved. Exotic SWC techniques which fits to the local conditions has been incorporated.
Approach costs were met by the following donors: international (UN-FFW Ethiopia): 70.0%; government (national Ethiopian Government): 30.0%
modified the traditional one to fit into the modern ones.
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
|Better acess to decision making (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: By empowering)|
|Skill upgrading (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: more training)|
|Participatory nature (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: By further empowering the local community)|
|Capacity builiding efforts (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: By giving more training and skill upgrading)|
|Awarness raising (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: By giving more training and skill upgrading)|
|FFW orientation||Gradually decreasing the food aid by increasing the productivity and self help activities|