GEF/OP12 Project Implementation Office of Gansu (Gamsu Sand Control Research Institute)
Chen Zhengbin, Forestry Bureau of Anding District, Dingxi City, Gansu Province
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）CDE Centre for Development and Environment (CDE Centre for Development and Environment) - 瑞士
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）GEF/OP12 Gansu Project (GEF/OP12 Gansu Project) - 中国
Government takes the lead and propelled by project, the rainwater collection for irrigation technology scales up by demonstration.
Dingxi County of Gansu Province is short of water resource. There is an old saying it's hard to exchange a cup of water for a cup of oil in Anding of Dingxi. During drought years, drinking water became a crisis and people had to walk dozens of miles to get water. With no self-relief capacity the local people live a hard life. To resolve water shortage, the most realistic method is to tap into the potential of local precipitation. Under the support of the Gansu provincial government, researches on rainwater collection were conducted during the period from 1988 to 1992 and water cellar technology was proven technically and economically feasible with its functions in preventing erosion, developing arid cropland and ecosystem recovery.
In 1994, the government disseminated water cellar technology in the northwestern part of the county covering 14 townships and 4376 households. After completion, the drinking water supply problem was mitigated for 22,000 people and 8700 animals. In 1995, a severe drought hit Gansu and the provincial government immediately initiated â€œ1-2-1 Rainwater Collection Project, under which the government supplied cement and the local people provided sand/stone and labor to build water cellars. According to this project each household should build one water catchment with an area of100m2 made by concrete cement and two water cellars and one backyard cashcrop forest. By the end of 2000, a total of 57800 households were involved in the project to provide drinking water to 60,900 people and 333,900 heads of livestock. In addition, dryland farming has seen great development. Since 1996, water cellar technology has been diversified and evolved. The water collection fields have extended from roof and courtyard to road surface, ditch, hillside, land brink, etc and the application has been widened to scale livestock farming, spot watering and conservation irrigation of farmland based on the achievement of the 1-2-1 rainwater collection project. Moreover, water cellar technology has been gradually combined with greenhouse production, tourism agriculture, etc to form a development model integrating rainwater conservation irrigation, dryland farming and improved livelihood standards.
Aims are to: establish a extension mechanism that promotes sustainable development and involves farmers participation; improve the farmers' knowledge about rainwater utilization; strengthen farmer participation and their confidence in overcoming difficulties; solve drinking water problem; eliminate poverty
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: lack of effective grass-roots organization; backward economy and lack funds; farmers in lack of the knowledge of water cellar establishment and management; short of drinking water for human and domestic animals
Found shortage: Farmers cannot afford water cellar construction
Treatment through the SLM Approach: The dissemination approaches include trial operation, demonstration, training, household visit for publicity, media (TV), technical handouts and posters. The key organizer of the extension is the water resources bureau of Anding District.
Knowledge/technology shortage: Short of knowledge of rainwater high efficiency utilization and related agricultureal technology
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Demonstration and training
|启动/动机||外部支持||Meetings, household visits|
|计划||外部支持||Participate in the survey and site location arrangement|
|实施||外部支持||Labor input for technological implementation|
|监测/评估||外部支持||Observation, collaboration with the survey of the technicians|
|Research||外部支持||Participate in the surveys|
- Land users and decision makers
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by land users alone (self-initiative / bottom-up). Land users or village leaders decided to build water cellars.
- publicity brochures
water cellar building and management, irrigation etc.
- capacity building
the technology application strengthened the capacity building of the local water resources departments. Application of the technology helped other projects related to water conservancy and poverty reduction.
There were None changes in the Technology as a result of monitoring and evaluation: The technology itself has not evolved from sole water cellar development to an assembled technology with others. The financial resources o support water cellars have been changed from sole government to social funds, moreover, the farmers would actively asks for building water cellars.
The research is conducted by provincial level researchers on the ecological, economic, social benefits of the water cellars, mainly.
Approach costs were met by the following donors: government (Local founds): 15.0%; other: 85.0%
|concrete cement||supplied free of charge by project|
Labor force is not paid
repayment conditions: credits are sometimes used, with interest rate similar with that of commercial loan.
the technology intercepts runoffs, solves deficiency of water resources, and raises land productivity.
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
it has been adopted extensively by neighboring provinces. Chinese Women's Federation has initiated the public welfare program named 'Mothers Water Cellar' in northern China.
|solve the problems of aridness and drinking water for human and livestock (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: continued project support)|
|strong extension mechanism (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: further strengthen the role of technical extension organizations)|
|Improve farmer's life (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: develop dryland agriculture industry)|
|high investment for technology adoption||use of micro-credits, optimized use of farming technology for high benefit agriculture.|
|weak monitoring and evaluation||establish participatory monitoring and evaluation mechanism.|