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عنوان أفضل الممارسات:
Carbon Sequestration in the Desertified Rangelands of Hossein Abad
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
وضح ما إذا كانت التقنية المذكورة في النموذج، أو في جزء منه، مشمولة بحقوق الملكية: :
في حالة الإجابة بنعم، يُرجى ذكر المعلومات ذات الصلة والمتعلقة بالجهة صاحبة الحقوق:
Carbon Sequestration in the Desertified Rangelands of Hossein Abad is one of the international official plans developed with the IRAN Forests,Rangelands and Watershed Management Organization.(FRWO) and United Nations Development Program (UNDP)in IRAN |
القسم1- نطاق أفضل الممارسات: شروط الإطار (البيئة الطبيعية والبشرية)
وصف موجز لأفضل الممارسات
Carbon Sequestration in woody biomass and in soils is a cost-effective measure to reduce atmospheric CO2 levels.Also, surplus biomass could be used as a substitute for fossil fuels.Some woody biomassspecies can grow in these low rainfall areas with saline soils, although the build up of organic carbon in wood and soils is modest. Up to 9,000 ha of run-down land will be rehabilitated with the active participation of twelve villages in whose ownership the land will be vested. This project is meant as a catalyst for rangeland reclamation via CS and natural resource management throughout Iran and beyond. This project will demonstrate the means not only to increase animal fodder production, but also to expand the storage of C and provide renewable energy at the same time. It will also enhance the fl ora and fauna, thus increasing biological diversity and rehabilitate the ecosystem. Thus, the government is integrating global environmental protection concerns into national development activities. |
The size of the hydrologi|
وصف مختصر للبيئة الطبيعية في الموقع المحدد.
Soil is composed of gypsic and calcic minerals which is typical of arid and semi-arid lands.Hot and dry desert soils usually contain rock and gravel, creating coarse soil with good draining. Semiarid deserts have finer soil containing loose rock, gravel sand with low soil humidity. |
The location is covered almost by plains which is suitable for irrigated and agriculture from point of and around 50% is hilly/steep which is suitable for range land. The average Plain elevation is 1700 meter.
Climate is arid and semi arid with cold winters and hot summers.The mean annual precipitation ranges between 117mm-340mm Average 188mm.Most of the precipitation occures during the fall and early spring.It is characterized by consecutive droughts and occurrence of critical climatic conditions.this area is affected by Sistani 120 days north to south Prevailing wind.
الظروف الاجتماعية والاقتصادية السائدة للسكان الذين يقطنون الموقع و/أو قريبًا منه
Those living in the location and nearby normally are low-income farmers and Livestock husbandry with an average income of 3000000 IRR monthly.
all range land belong to the government and utilization is base on range land management plans. Most of the agricultural lands belong to village cooperative but there are some private farmlands as well
At the first stage of the project all area was supported just
under 1,000 people. There was 30 villages some of which have been abandoned and others only contain one or two families. Animal herding was the main occupation, with the villagers owning about12,000 sheep and goats,and non productive farming|
على أساس أي من المعايير و/أو المؤشر (المؤشرات) (التي لا تتعلق بالاستراتيجية) تم اعتبار الممارسات والتقنيات المناسبة على أنها "أفضل"؟
This project serve as a training and demonstration site to encourage rural people, with some government assistance through participatory approaches . This project demonstrate the practicability and cost-effectiveness of rejuvenating range land areas and making them productive, while at the same time increasing the organic C stocks in plants and soils. Therefore, additional funds to cover the incremental costs, especially the training, monitoring & evaluation costs, could demonstrate to local people and governments the practicability of such an initiative.so it constitute an example of a “win-win” strategy that is an essential factor in sustainable natural resource management.|
القسم 2- المشكلات التي تمت معالجتها (الأسباب المباشرة وغير المباشرة) وأهداف أفضل الممارسات
المشكلات الرئيسية التي تمت معالجتها من خلال أفضل الممارسات
Two main problems that contributed to land degradation and desertification in the project area, which is among those areas near the Afghan border are: (1) lack of control over the land by the local population and , in the ten-year period to 1996; and, (2), a large influx of Afghan refugees.This led to overgrazing by local, refugee and migrant animals, and to excessive fuel wood gathering.|
حدد المشكلات الخاصة بتدهور التربة والتي تمت معالجتها من خلال أفضل الممارسات
overgrazing, drought and the damage caused by wind erosion are the specific land degradation problems against rehabitation of vegetation cover in project area. For four months each year, sand ladened ‘sistani’ winds blow almost continuously. This is not only unpleasant, but it makes arable farming difficult because sand covers the fields On the other hand the experiences government in term of combat desertification activities proves that re habitation activities will not be successful without real participation of rural communities. |
حدد أهداف أفضل الممارسات
The main global,national and rural objectives are:improve the ecosystem through natural regeneration by planting/seeding, drought resistant grasses and shrubs, and to make the rangeland areas of Iran more productive. The purpose of this project is to demonstrate that low rainfall areas can be rehabilitated at a relatively low cost, using a mixture of woody and non-woody plants,with the active participation of the local population. |To build capacity through demonstration, training and extension activities to people throughout the country so that the project can be replicated and improved. To promote environmental awareness.To enhance human resource development at the national and local levels.To enhance biodiversity.To improve fl ora & fauna numbers and composition and to enhance the micro-climate.To improve capacity of national experts and local people in rehabilitation, managementand utilization of resources
القسم 3- الأنشطة
وصف مختصر للأنشطة الرئيسية، من خلال الأهداف
Public awareness and information dissemination. This activity will be implemented to ensure that a wide range of concerned stakeholders are fully informed about the rehabilitation techniques, management mechanism and long-term economic and environmental benefits of the project.|
Community-based management regime. This activity will aim to explore various management regimes to have the villages/households organized for the planting efforts and declare their ownership and access rights to the land.
Rehabilitation of semi-arid areas. Land rehabilitation includes seedling production,ground preparation, planting, weeding, and watering for the first two years, guarding and
management.|Training and extension. Project preparation, promotion workshops and meetings involving different stakeholders. Compile management plans for undertaking rehabilitation activity.Natural resource management training for villagers and staff of the Forest and Range Organization and some overseas training to engage the local people. establishing community-based management regimes, land ownership legalities, entrepreneurial activities,etc.
Monitoring and Evaluation.
وصف موجز للتقنية ومواصفاتها الفنية
the presses of project are as follow respectively:community-base managements,Establishment of Co-Management Plans, Implementation of Co-Management Plans /Agreements, Social Communication Initiatives and Performance Monitoring & Assessment of Rehabilitation.
There is a direct link between poverty and desertification, thus combating desertification should help in working against poverty. One strategy applied by the project is the establishment of a micro credit mechanism for VDG members. The Micro‐credit Fund has been financed both by the project and by the small savings made from VDG members. Every fortnight during the VDG meetings, the villagers offer their own savings into the Micro‐credit Fund, which is money that will at a later point in time be re‐loaned to them. By selecting a Board of Directors representing the local communities, the targeted area has full ownership over the Micro Credit Fund. The participatory approach of the project allowed for a sound collaboration among a host of international, national and local partners. The steering committee of the project therefore includes representatives from various ministries representing various sectors of the Ministry of Agriculture, the Department of Environment, the Budget and Planning Authorities in the country as well as the national GEF focal point.
القسم 4- المؤسسات/الممثلون المشاركون (التعاون، المشاركة، دور الجهات المعنية)
اسم وعنوان المؤسسة التي تقوم بتطوير التقنية
Carbon Sequestration in Desertified Rangelands of Hosseinabad Project, Phase 2 | The project was designed to demonstrate that desertified rangelands can be cost-effectively reclaimed by, and for the benefit of local people and that there is significant potential to sequester carbon in plants and soil in these areas for overall global benefiton March 2010
هل تم تطوير التقنية بشكل مشترك؟
في حالة الإجابة بنعم، فقم بسرد المشاركين:
Result of the project in pase I has led to new dialogue being initiated between UNDP and the FRWO on further expanding the project approach to select sites in the provinces of Kerman (Shahdad) and Tehran (Mallard) with the possibility of inclusion of Yazd and Isfahan.
حدد إطار العمل والذي من خلاله تم تطوير التقنية
- المبادرة المحلية
- المبادرة الوطنية - التي تقودها الحكومة
- المبادرة الوطنية - التي لا تقودها الحكومة
- المبادرة الدولية
هل ساهمت مشاركة الجهات المعنية المحلية، بما في ذلك منظمات المجتمع المدني في تعزيز عملية تطوير التقنية؟
في حالة الإجابة بنعم، اسرد الجهات المعنية المحلية المشاركة:
Local farmers and villagers|Farmers' and range management associations|Farmes'cooperatives|Research institutes in the concerned provinces |Local communities
بالنسبة للجهات المعنية المدرجة أعلاه، حدد دورهم في التصميم، والتقديم، واستخدام وصيانة التقنية، إن وجدت.
A wealth of knowledge and experience on participatory management of rangelands. Participatory rehabilitation and conservation of 13572 ha of degraded areas;
80.6% reduction in the consumption of fuel-wood by local communities as a result of the introduction of new sources of energy;
A locally adjusted model for carbon sequestration in dry land ecosystems;
Demonstration and promotion of innovative land and water management techniques at pilot level, which have been extended to some other parts of the country;
A network of VDGs (mixed, male, and female) that oversee the use of micro-credit mechanism;
A set of micro-credit/micro-saving schemes at VDG level;
Enhanced vocational skills among local inhabitants, particularly women;
130 small business initiatives that contribute to improved livelihoods at the village level; and
Significantly, increased awareness at local and national levels regarding partnership |
هل شارك السكان القاطنون في هذا الموقع و/أو قريبًا منه في تطوير التقنية؟
By means of what?
- المناهج التشاركية
القسم 5- المساهمة في التأثير
صف التأثير على المكان (التأثيران الرئيسيان حسب الفئة)
Since October 2010, experts and consultants from “No Andishan Tose’e Mosharekat Mehr” NGO have been contracted to update and improve the established Micro-Credit Fund Management Systems as well as promoting innovative approaches to expand the market of local products by taking a systematic approach |
Reduction of poverty and creating job opportunities for the locals, which lead to the reduction of the emigration rate to larger cities.
A network of VDGs (mixed, male, and female) that oversee the use of micro-credit mechanism
produces a measurable increase in the fl ora and fauna and an enhanced micro-climate. Another positive environmental impact is sand stabilization through project activities should reduce the Sistani damage.
Participatory rehabilitation and conservation of 13572 ha of degraded areas;
This project fosters an increased and sustainable production of fodder, wood and other products,and a measurable increase in the area of and off-take from sheltered lands. There
would also be a build-up of organic C that could reach 3-4 t/ha. after 20 years|
80.6% reduction in the consumption of fuel-wood by local communities as a result of the introduction of new sources of energy;
صف التأثيرين الرئيسيين خارج الموقع (أي التي لا تحدث في الموقع ولكن في المناطق المحيطة)
Increased awareness at local and national government levels regarding the potential of partnership with local people to restore and protect the natural resources based on the achievements of phases I and II, has led to new dialogue being initiated between UNDP and the FRWO on further expanding the project approach to select sites in the provinces of Kerman (Shahdad) and Tehran (Mallard) with the possibility of inclusion of Yazd and Isfahan, as major project sites in the next phase.|
developing a locally adjusted model for carbon sequestration in dry land ecosystems;
التأثير على التنوع البيولوجي والتغير المناخي
At least 9,000 ha of degraded rangelands will be converted to grazing forest-land. Through this change, the amount of additional atmospheric C, that could be stored in above and below ground biomass and in the soil, will be about 2 tonnes per hectare once the project is completed. This is anticipated to increase to about 14 t/ha. after 20 years, 21 t/ha. after 50 years and 30 t/ha. After 100 years, of which up to 90 percent will be belowground. These estimates have to be verifi ed. Due to the prevailing arid climatic conditions and the stability of the sink, the turnover rate of C tends to be very slow and belowground C storage in roots and soil is considered to be a high quality offset. The sequestering of C does not stop at year 20, although it will slow down due to harvesting of wood. A model has been drawn up indicating the likely growth and production in the project area over a 100-year time period. The projected cremental store of C after 50 years is 20.9 t/ha. with an incremental cost of US$6.8 t./C. After 100 years, the projected C store is estimated to be 29.7 t. for an incremental cost of US$4.8 per tonne of C.
The greatest benefi ts to farmers and globally will be through establishing forest-grazing areas. This project produces a measurable increase in the flora and fauna and an enhanced micro-climate. Another
positive environmental impact is sand stabilization through project activities should reduce the Sistani damage.
هل تم إجراء تحليل التكلفة والمنفعة؟
هل تم إجراء تحليل التكلفة والمنفعة؟ :
القسم 6- اتخاذ القرار والتكرار
هل تم تعميم/تقديم التقنية إلى مواقع أخرى؟
هل تم تعميم/تقديم التقنية إلى مواقع أخرى؟ :
في حالة الإجابة بنعم، أين؟:
the project approach to disseminated to select sites in the provinces of Kerman (Shahdad) and Tehran (Mallard) with the possibility of inclusion of Yazd and Isfahan
هل تم توفير الحوافز لتيسير الاستفادة من التقنية؟
هل تم توفير الحوافز لتيسير الاستفادة من التقنية؟ :
في حالة الإجابة بنعم، حدد أنواع الحوافز :
- الحوافز السياسية أو التنظيمية (على سبيل المثال، ذات الصلة بمتطلبات ولوائح السوق، الاستيراد/التصدير، الاستثمار الأجنبي، دعم البحث والتطوير، إلخ)
- الحوافز المالية (على سبيل المثال، معدلات تفضيلية، المساعدات الحكومية، الإعانات المالية، المنح النقدية، ضمانات القروض، إلخ)
هل يمكنك تحديد الثلاثة ظروف الرئيسية التي قادت إلى نجاح أفضل الممارسات/التقنية المقدمة؟
In order to rehabilitate the local dryland, while also working to engage the local community, the project contracted with local VDGs to have seedlings grown and planted in the area. This work was done as part of the microfinance funds given to the VDGs, which then used the loans to grow and sell the seedlings.this method is replicable elsewhere with major adaptation |
project asked the women already trained in the project to train the new project beneficiaries. This allowed for a closer relationship between project members. Further, as the existing members were aware of the likely problems the new members would face, training was made more efficient and effective.this method is replicable elsewhere with some level of adaptation|
In the last year the Project’s experiences have been shared with other projects in Iran, including UNDP/GEF SGP projects,voluntary NGOs and governmental experts this method is replicable elsewhere with major adaptation.|
في رأيك، هل يمكن تكرار أفضل الممارسات/التقنية التي اقترحتها، ولكن مع بعض التغيير، في الأماكن الأخرى؟ :
إذا كانت الإجابة نعم، ففي أي مستوى؟:
- ما دون الوطني
- دون الإقليمي
القسم 7- الدروس المستفادة
المتعلقة بالموارد البشرية
For higher impact the results and achievement of the project need to be propagated across the country through the national decision making forums. By replicating the project experiences in areas with similar situations, the outcome could affect the country’s ability to counter the global climate change, while simultaneously improving the livelihoods of the rural and marginalised communities as well as halting desertification.
المتعلقة بالجوانب الفنية
Performance Monitoring & Assessment of Rehabilitation and carbon sequestration needs eSMART indicators,|