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Title of best practice:
Sustainable Land Management in Zoba Maekel
Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights:
Prevailing land use in the specified location
- Grazing land
- Uproductive land
- Human settlement
Contribution to Desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) measures
Contribution to the strategic objectives
- To improve the living conditions of affected populations
- To improve the conditions of affected ecosystems
- To generate global benefits through effective implementation of the Convention
Linkages with the other best practice themes
- Capacity-building and awareness-raising
- DLDD and SLM monitoring and assessment/research
- Knowledge management and decision support
- Policy, legislative and institutional framework
- Participation, collaboration and networking
Section 1. Context of the best practice: frame conditions (natural and human environment)
Short description of the best practice
One of the best practice of the sustainable land management is as follows the sustainable land management model, the model includes;
Participatory land use planning at village level: these best practice includes, involvement of communities in land use planning.
the other best practice is also; establishment of responsible committee at every village;
the committee comprises of; Forestry committee; range land management
Farm land committee;water and irrigation committee. Regular training is given to the committee members and are working closely with the with extension agents at village level.
the other best practice is also applied research is also given at field level.
If the location has well defined boundaries, specify its extension in hectares:
Estimated population living in the location:
Brief description of the natural environment within the specified location.
The project area consists predominantly of gently rounded hills interspersed with relatively
flat- bottomed valleys. The altitude ranges between 2280- 2540 meter above sea sea level.
the soils are predominantly cambisols; some with luvic properties: partly associated with lithosols( leptosols on ridges or with fluvisols in valley floods; loamy soils with high gravel content and low nutrient status
The climate in the study area is semi- arid . As in most parts of Eritrea, the rainfall pattern is sporadic and rainfall variability is high both temporary and spatially. The rainfall regime is bimodal, with the main rainy season (summer) lasting from the end of June until September.
the mean annul temperature 18.4 degree centigrade.|
Prevailing socio-economic conditions of those living in the location and/or nearby
The main income source of the project area is agriculture, mainly cereal crops, livestock and irrigation, however casual work and trading also part of the income of the community in the project area. |
Demographic data in the area shows that land use pressure in the area is very high and holding per house hold are very small. One house hold has an access to as tittle as 0.86 hectare of land for the crop cultivation. Of which an average of 60% is of poor fertility.
most of the households in the area live in poverty: in wealth ranking carried out in 1999 more than 80% of the farmers were ranked as poor or very poor. Although off-farm activities are becoming increasingly important, the majority of the farmers depend on subsistence agriculture.
On the basis of which criteria and/or indicator(s) (not related to The Strategy) the proposed practice and corresponding technology has been considered as 'best'?
Yes, we can say it is the best practice. |
Section 2. Problems addressed (direct and indirect causes) and objectives of the best practice
Main problems addressed by the best practice
-Addressing land degradation; One of the big component of the project is catchment rehabilitation such as hillside terracing, check dams and and other biological. The cumulative effect of this activities is to protect soil and water degradation.|Deforestation, especially in the Central highland is in the pick point, to avert this problem, afforestation and reforestation in the marginal land is one of the main challenges addressed by the best practice. |Based on the land tenure system of the government,the project is allocated a forest land in the marginal land,this ensures the rehabilitation of vegetation cover of the project area.
Outline specific land degradation problems addressed by the best practice
- Soil erosion
-Improvement of soil fertility
- Water harvesting technologies
- Proper water utilization
Specify the objectives of the best practice
Ensuring availability of water|
Enhancement of agricultural intensification |Enhancement of agricultural diversification |Reducing uncertainty and capacity building
Section 3. Activities
Brief description of main activities, by objective
Promoting conservation measures;
biological and physical measures | Introducing land use planning and at village level| sensitizing the communities on technologies on Sustainable Land Management .
Short description and technical specifications of the technology
The tool of the GIS system to apply the land use planning is one of the technologies utilized to practice the land husbandry (crop land, range land, forest land and other land classifications)
the Practical application of soil and water conservation measures and water conservation techniques and water harvesting techniques is also one of the best technology of the project. |
Arc view 9.2 and other soil and water conservation techniques.
Section 4. Institutions/actors involved (collaboration, participation, role of stakeholders)
Was the technology developed in partnership?
List the partners:
Royal norwegian Embassy in Eritera
Governmetof t he state of Eritrea
Specify the framework within which the technology was promoted
- Local initiative
- National initiative – government-led
- National initiative – non-government-led
- International initiative
- Programme/project-based initiative
Was the participation of local stakeholders, including CSOs, fostered in the development of the technology?
List local stakeholders involved:
National Union of Eritrean Students and youth (NUESY)
Local; Government, Ministry of Agriculture
For the stakeholders listed above, specify their role in the design, introduction, use and maintenance of the technology, if any.
Role of the each stakeholders;
-Local government- the role of the local government is to mobilizing and coordinating the communities form the project design to the project implementation.
The role of communities(villages) is to contribute in project design, and implementation of the project
Ministry of agriculture plays a great role in the project design, monitoring, and evaluation. The leading role of the project was done by the technical expertise of the ministry by providing the technical assistance from the grass root to the higher level.
The role of the National Union of Eritrean Youth and Women is also in awareness raising of communities in the project area and implementation of the project in the schools and homesteads.
Was the population living in the location and/or nearby involved in the development of the technology?
By means of what?
- Participatory approaches
Section 5. Contribution to impact
Describe on-site impacts (the major two impacts by category)
Integrated Planning was introduced at village level, incentive and disincentive was set to promote sustainable land management technics in the project area.|
The Project is at its early stage, therefore, it is too early to mention of the impacts of the project|
Integrated approach of sustainable land management is introduced, this gives rise to raise the socio -cultural level of the community at the grass root level. |
Describe the major two off-site (i.e. not occurring in the location but in the surrounding areas) impacts
land use planning and classification techniques was disseminated to the surrounding villages.
The catchment and individual tree plating techniques is disseminated to the off- site of the project.
Increasing of water recharging capacity of the down stream can be also described as an impacts of the project in the off- site projects
Impact on biodiversity and climate change
Explain the reasons:
the long run target of the Sustainable Land Management project (SLM) is to make a positive impacts on climate change mitigation measure, and therefore the project is expected to play a big role to reverse the project area by intervention of tree planting and biological and physical measures. |
Right now the life of the project is only one year and it too early to evaluate about the project impact especially on biodiversity and climate change. However; the long run impact on climate change and biodiversity can be evaluated positively.
Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?
Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?
Section 6. Adoption and replicability
Was the technology disseminated/introduced to other locations?
Was the technology disseminated/introduced to other locations?
Can you identify the three main conditions that led to the success of the presented best practice/technology?
Capacity building of communities of technologies of sustainable land management.
The whether condition of the project is favorable for tree planting both at the catchment and homesteads.
The best practice can be adapted and replicated elsewhere in other regions of the country with some level of adaptation.
In your opinion, the best practice/technology you have proposed can be replicated, although with some level of adaptation, elsewhere?
At which level?
Section 7. Lessons learned
Related to human resources
Capacity building of creating the enabling environment (policy, capacity, knowledge)|Capacity building related to land use planing and land classification. | Capacity building of communities of technologies of sustainable land management.
Related to financial aspects
Introduction of micro-credit on horticulture users can be considered one of the best practice in the project.|The incentive and disincentive system set both by the agricultural and forest and rangeland committee is gives rise to efficiently and properly utilization of resources.| Raise of income level of the communities by involving of tree planting and irrigation practices.
Related to technical aspects
the Establishment of water use committee at the committee, gives rise to efficiently utilization of water resources in the project area.
| The establishment of agricultural land committee at the village level also monitors and controls the efficient utilization of the agricultural land by each individual. | Forest and range land Committee: these group manages the forest and range land in harmony,incentive and disincentive is also set by these group. These system is rewarding and penalize of proper utilization of forest resources.