UNCCD

Практика сезонного использования пастбищ

  • Creation:
  • Update:
  • Compilador/a:
  • Editor:
  • Reviewer:

Reporting Entity: Central Asia SRAP

Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights: Não

Completeness: 77%

General Information

General Information

Title of best practice:

Практика сезонного использования пастбищ

Reporting Entity:

Central Asia SRAP

Property Rights

Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights:

Não

Specifications

Section 1. Context of the best practice: frame conditions (natural and human environment)

Short description of the best practice

В Центральной Азии обширные пространства некогда плодородных пастбищ превратились в песчаную пустыню из-за того, что перестала соблюдаться практика их сезонного и ротационного использования, что привело к перевыпасу, а также из-за усиливавшейся тенденции к выпасу скота лишь одного вида.
Для повышения продуктивности пастбищных земель, улучшения их экологического состояния и сбалансированного использования климатических, почвенных и растительных ресурсов требуется восстановить систему пастбищного
кормопроизводства. Наряду с планомерным использованием и охраной пастбищ, она включает также мероприятия по их восстановлению путем создания многолетних агрофитоценозов на участках с деградированной растительностью. Из всех практик, применяемых для борьбы с деградации пастбищ в современных условиях в Казахстане, Кыргызстане и Туркменистана, а также  в горных районах Таджикистана и Узбекистана можно отметить традицию сезонного использования пастбищ: летне-зимние;весенне-осенние.

Location

Казахстан, Кыргызстан, Таджикистан, Туркменистан, Узбекистан|

Brief description of the natural environment within the specified location.

n/a
n/a
n/a

Prevailing socio-economic conditions of those living in the location and/or nearby

n/a
n/a
n/a

On the basis of which criteria and/or indicator(s) (not related to The Strategy) the proposed practice and corresponding technology has been considered as 'best'?

n/a

Section 2. Problems addressed (direct and indirect causes) and objectives of the best practice

Main problems addressed by the best practice

деградация пастбищ
снижение благосостояния сельских жителей

Outline specific land degradation problems addressed by the best practice

Недовыпас
Перевыпас
Опустынивание

Specify the objectives of the best practice

внедрение практики сезонного выпаса скота

Section 3. Activities

Brief description of main activities, by objective

устойчивая практика систематического сезонного управления
фитомелиоративное улучшение пастбищ
выращивания семян пастбищных культур
создание защищенных  огороженных участков

Short description and technical specifications of the technology

n/a

Section 4. Institutions/actors involved (collaboration, participation, role of stakeholders)

Name and address of the institution developing the technology

n/a|n/a

Was the technology developed in partnership?

Sim

List the partners:

n/a

Specify the framework within which the technology was promoted

  • Local initiative
  • Programme/project-based initiative

Was the participation of local stakeholders, including CSOs, fostered in the development of the technology?

Sim

List local stakeholders involved:

n/a

For the stakeholders listed above, specify their role in the design, introduction, use and maintenance of the technology, if any.

n/a

Was the population living in the location and/or nearby involved in the development of the technology?

Sim

By means of what?
  • Consultation
  • Participatory approaches

Analysis

Section 5. Contribution to impact

Describe on-site impacts (the major two impacts by category)

n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a

Describe the major two off-site (i.e. not occurring in the location but in the surrounding areas) impacts

n/a
n/a

Impact on biodiversity and climate change

Explain the reasons:

n/a

Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?

Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?

Não

Section 6. Adoption and replicability

Was the technology disseminated/introduced to other locations?

Was the technology disseminated/introduced to other locations?

Sim

Where?

n/a

Can you identify the three main conditions that led to the success of the presented best practice/technology?

n/a
n/a
n/a

Replicability

In your opinion, the best practice/technology you have proposed can be replicated, although with some level of adaptation, elsewhere?

Sim

At which level?
  • Local
  • Sub-national
  • Regional

Section 7. Lessons learned

Related to human resources

n/a

Related to technical aspects

n/a

Links and modules

Expand all Collapse all

Modules