UNCCD

Unknown [Palau]

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Reporting Entity: Palau

Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights: Não

Completeness: 40%

General Information

General Information

Title of best practice:

Unknown

Country:

Palau

Reporting Entity:

Palau

Property Rights

Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights:

Não

Classification

Prevailing land use in the specified location

  • Cropland
  • Grazing land
  • Human settlement

Contribution to Desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) measures

  • Prevention
  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation

Contribution to the strategic objectives

  • To improve the living conditions of affected populations
  • To improve the conditions of affected ecosystems

Linkages with the other best practice themes

  • Capacity-building and awareness-raising
  • Knowledge management and decision support
  • Policy, legislative and institutional framework

Specifications

Section 1. Context of the best practice: frame conditions (natural and human environment)

Location

All sixteen states of the Republic of Palau.

Estimated population living in the location:

20000.0

Brief description of the natural environment within the specified location.

Eighteen types of soils are found in Palau.  Up to 93% of Palau’s soils are considered infertile, acidic and have high aluminum content, and therefore are a poor soil for agriculture.  Less than 18% of Palau’s land is suitable for agriculture (has a slope less than 12%).  In 1994, 22% of Palau’s arable soil was being used for agroforestry or crop production.|
The Republic of Palau boasts a maritime tropical rainy climate; annual mean humidity level is 82% and annual mean temperature of 27° C (81° F). However, temperature rarely varies more than 10 degrees throughout the year. Annual mean rainfall is about 3,810mm, or 150 inches per year, with seasonal variation.|
There are four distinct geological islands types found in Palau: reef and atoll islands (Kayangel, Ngaruangel, Ngemelis, Helen, Southwest Islands), high limestone islands (Rock Islands), low platform islands (Peleliu, Angaur), and volcanic islands (Babeldaob with 10 watersheds, Ngarekebesang, Malakal, western Koror.  The terrain varies from the high, mountainous main island of Babeldaob to low coral islands fringed by large barrier reefs.|

Prevailing socio-economic conditions of those living in the location and/or nearby

The National Government employs close to 3,000 people and is the largest employment agency with the rest mainly as fishermen, local food farmers, etc...|
About $8,000.00 annually!|
Most lands are owned by state governments and mainly at the central core of the big island with locals owning lands at the coastal areas.

Section 2. Problems addressed (direct and indirect causes) and objectives of the best practice

Outline specific land degradation problems addressed by the best practice

Lack of land use planning, The Compact Road, Drought, Sea level rise, Loss of soil fertility, Watershed degradation, Invasive species, Uncontrolled fires, Unsustainable development activities, etc…|

Specify the objectives of the best practice

The aim is to elevate the well-being of the Palauan people.

Section 3. Activities

Brief description of main activities, by objective

Developing Human Resources to enhance local knowledge and benefits from the implementation of the programs; Promoting public awareness aimed all related stakeholders making sure they are aware of the importance of the program, contribute to, & become involved in, the programs; Inventory and mapping.|

Analysis

Section 5. Contribution to impact

Describe on-site impacts (the major two impacts by category)

Land degradation caused by population growth and development is the second greatest threat to the Republic’s environmental, social, and economic sustainability as a result of Lack of land use planning, Drought, Sea level rise, Loss of soil fertility, Watershed degradation, etc...|
The most serious environmental, social and economic peril to the Republic is the impact of Climate Change and Climate Variability of the induced drought causing the complete loss of the taro crops (traditional food supply) in several States, uncontrolled fires, etc...|

Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?

Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?

Não

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