有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (DEZA / COSUDE / DDC / SDC) - 瑞士
Debo is a 'labour share', grouping of land users in a community. It is a social / traditional co-operation/ where land users support each other by working in groups for activities which are labour intensive.
Aims / objectives: Debo involves voluntary labour assistance from other land users to a member in a community who requets for labour to undertake activities, which he or his family could not do it by themeslevs. A land user who seeks debo assitance prepares food and beverages in turn to the labour his fellow land users provide. It is a way of getting activites done in time with less expenses. It is also a means and way for sharing experience and skill among members.
Methods: Method: any one in the community participates from a 'Nege-beine' (i.e. 'Tomorrow could be my turn') feeling. In such cases, the family/farmer sends a word around so that, on a fixed day, those who live around should come and assist at his place in constructing the checkdam. Where as in Wonfel all memebers of the group are given equal opportunity to get labour share, which goes turn by turn to all members.
The Approach focused mainly on SLM with other activities (For farm activities such as cultivation and weeding, harvest and seed bed preparation, house consruction and social activities)
To get voluntary labour assistance from other land users in the community to undertake activities, which a land user or his family could not do by themeslevs. It is a way of getting activites done in time with less expenses.
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: Land degradation, Shortage of land, shoratge labour, individual efforts
lack of finance
Treatment through the SLM Approach: incentives
The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights moderately helped the approach implementation: The recently issued land use and land administration policy and legislatiion
lack of new interventions to enhance productivity
Treatment through the SLM Approach: provide technical support
Working land users were mainly men (Women mostly are engaged in household acvtivites due to cultural influences)
All groups have right of decision making on their own land
|启动/动机||自我动员||A land user seeking debo assitance intitiates; In case of wonfel a land user intitiates and others accepting this will be mebers. In case of Debo the request comes from the one who needs labour from others.|
|计划||自我动员||The group for wenfel|
|实施||自我动员||The group for wenfel|
No other technical people or decision makers are involved in providing advice or techncical support in the choice of the technology
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by by land users* alone (self-initiative / bottom-up). No other technical people or decision makers are involved in providing advice or techncical support on the method of implementing the technology
- SWC specialists (3), extensionists/trainers (2)
Advice on the importance of SWC measures in moisture conservation and maintaining ecosystems, strengthening the social groups, technical support on the application of techniques such as cutoff drains, trench etc., advice and awreness creation on implementing integrated measures.
Name of method used for advisory service: Participatory Approach Demonstration and Training Systems (PADETS); Key elements: participation, Training, Demonstration; 1) Advisory service was carried out through: government's existing extension system; Extension staff: mainly government employees 3) Target groups for extension: land users; Activities: practicing the skill / techniques they are given, act as model farmers
Advisory service is inadequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; shoratge of exetensionsts, inability to transefer technologies isufficinet to adress land users problem
area treated aspects were regular monitored through observations
economic / production aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations
technical aspects were regular monitored through measurements
bio-physical aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations
no. of land users involved aspects were regular monitored
There were no changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation
- < 2,000
Approach costs were met by the following donors: other ( land user): 100.0%
All labour for carrying out the SWC technology and practicing the approach is born by the land users
Changes in including improvement such as laying out in contour, growing of soil fertility improving plants, planting of multipurpose trees shrubs, improving land productivity
The approach has little to influnce the land tenure policy of the government The problem is likely to be overcome in the near future. There is new regulation issued. The land certification regulation could motivate land users feeling of getting relatively secured of their user rights that what it was before
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
Almost all land users are now practicing the approach and iit has become part of the farming system
|make the work sustainable (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: support)|
|sustainable (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: encourage farmers experience)|
|all land users used the approach (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: more training and encouragement)|