有助于对方法进行记录/评估的项目名称（如相关）Environmental Land Management and Rural Livelihood Project
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Aga Khan Foundation (Aga Khan Foundation) - 瑞士
Pasture calendar services the PUU as part of the implementation of the plan with a specific timeframe and activities. It helps communities in designing intervention with regard to the need of agreed activities in the calendar.
Pasture calendar is a composition of different activities and events within the PLMP of the PUU, where concrete timeframes for each events and activities are defined. PUUs were supported to develop their pasture calendar with specific activities related to pasture use and management with supervision of the PUU management. All the eight PUUs have their own pasture calendar, because the timeframes for each PUU is different. This is caused by different altitudes, that result in different timeframes for different events. For example in Jirgatal movements to the summer pastures start in May, in a lower district like Faizabad and Roghun it starts one or half a month earlier. This will help the PUUs to coordinate the livestock movement and applying different techniques in the right time. Another important element is that for each activity a responsible person or team is identified. Roles and responsibility are shared while considering gender aspects aswell. For example, specific tasks in livestock and pasture management, where women's roles are more crucial enable them to participate in planning and decision making.
The calendar format can be shaped differently depending on the community's willingness on what kind of information they want to put there. The information is agreed on with community during development of their pasture management plan, where the pasture calendar is also integral part of this plan.
Rasht Valley/Faiobod District
sub-district of D. Aliev, PUU Sohru at sub-district level
Coordinates of Location: Latitude - 39. 18 2: Longitude - 71 044
The main aim of this approach is to organize activities within the given timeframe on pasture management. In this example support was provided to PUU to identify and plan the activities in a structured way for sustainable pasture management.
No major financial resource is required, only the motivation of communities and PUU members is needed, however as part of the pasture planning workshop session, some resource are needed for organizing the workshop.
The process is run by the legally registered institute - Pastue User Union established according to the Pasture Law.
Once the detailed activities on pasture use are identified collaboration with other involved stakeholders based on the analysis will take place.
PUU in the framework of Pasture Law of the Republic of Tajikistan is registered.
The project staff have pasture specialists who train and build the capacity of PUU members.
livestock owners, PUU members
active participation in the identification of main activities related to pasture management
provide technical support in development and design of pasture calendar
land committee, forestry department, agriculture deparment
supervise the implementation plan, support with providing advisory services also
|启动/动机||互动||The development of the calendar depends on the initiative of the other stakeholders. If there is no consent with others, it is possible it will not be implemented.|
|计划||互动||It includes roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders, where an interactive approach is required for planning.|
|实施||外部支持||The pasture calendar reflects the whole range of activities which are planned to implement in a given timeframe. For the implementation of some of the activities some external support both financial and technical is required, which was provided by the project staff and funding from various sources, including government and internal community fund, as well as donor fudings.|
|监测/评估||外部支持||With the guidance from the project team, which also has monitoring and evaluation experts monitoring had been conducted jointly with PUUs member. In addition, the implementing agencies for the ELMARL project, such as MSDSP, have also their monitoring and evaluation departments which carried out monitoring aswell.|
Project technical team, which supported the development of the pasture calendar shared expertise on the technical aspects of activities by considering local knowledge from land users and mainly decided on the selection of technology.
Usually the project tried to provide gender balance in attending the trainings (50% to 50%). The main focus was on youth and women who were actively involved in taking care of livestock.
Pasture management. preparation of the pasture calendar, land management
by project staff and also specialist from land and pasture committee, environmental committee
World Bank and IFAD
The ELMARL project financed by World Bank supported the PUUs with implementation of the pasture plan, including support with follow up on pasture calendar.
The labour in all project was considered as contribution from the PUUs and therefore was shared voluntary.
Sets exact timeframe with activities to follow on and contributes to sustainable management of pasture resources.
the pasture calendar is developed in a participatory way, where decision is made in the same time with evidence base
In time implementation of activities also motivates and contributing to implement SLM successfully.
Various training as part of the implementation of the approach were provided to the land users to enable them in development of this approach and implementation.
When communities developed their pasture calendar, they agreed on the planned activities among each other, which mitigated conflict.
Especially women and youth were involved in preparing the pasture calendar and were actively involved in decision making.
Women were involved in preparing the pasture calendar, where most of the planned activities implementation depended on women. In this process women were actively involved in making decision with regards to those activities where they were actively involved.
contribute to rotational and seasonal use of pasture, which allows rehabilitation of degraded pasture
The timeframe in the pasture calendar identified a responsible person per each activities, which shared the workload among the community members.
The approach sets certain rules and regulations and responsible persons to enforce implementation of the planned activities.
Beside economic benefits, the approach also sets activities to follow on the environmental aspects of pasture management. This also raised awareness among PUUs members on ecological consciousness.
Development of the pasture calendar does not guarantee full implementation of activities unless there is a sustainable mechanism for incentives in place.
|straight forward, easy understandable/and potential for replicaiton|
|easy development and doable/brings together all stakeholders in one room to jointly plan their activities with regards to pasture and livestock management/can be applied by communities without external support|
|depends on all involved stakeholders||required to strengthen collaboration between different stakeholder|
|very theoretic and not easy to adjust to real implmentation and straight forward only reflects one steps||should be considered as integral part of the overall pasture and livestock management approach|
Pasture and Livestock Management of Pasture Use Unions Sorhu, Faizabad District, D. Aliev sub-district, Tajikistan
Zevarshoev Askarsho, free of cost
Secretariat of the Tajik Pasture Management Networking Platform