General Directorate for irrigation
Agricultural Research and Extension Authority, AREA
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Agricultural Research and Extension Authority (AREA) - Yemen
The rehabilitation of walls and outlets of the terraces and diversion construction with accessories from channels and gates are carried out by the local community in a regular way
Aims / objectives: Before 56 years the cultivated land were stable and sustainable as a result of application the technologies. However, in 1956 a severe flood occurred had let to washed a large area of the cultivated land and people and houses. Then the local community had decided to puts hands together and started to rebuilt all the walls and gates and outlet of the whole terraces that damages from hoods. That was because the cultivated land was the only main source of livelihood at that time. The first step made by the local community are meeting at the invitation of sensible to consult and agree on how to rebuild what has been flashed as a result of floods and determine the priority of work and methods of implementation, it was agreed that the owner where damage event happened should do not pay anything either bring drinking water to the people who attended to assist him. However, first to protect agricultural land prone to erosion In the event of second rainstorm located on the main course Flood water (riparian valley). Then be re-construction of the barrier with accessories.
1 - The land users involved in a specific area (position) to collect stones necessary to rebuild the walls of the garrison of land and after processing quantity required by the land users are re-building walls collectively by the community of males, contributing to work both reached 12 years of age male. Were identified on Friday of each week to carry out the construction is completed collecting the required stones.
2 - Settlement of the surface of the soil and filling eroded canyons and remove sediment from agricultural land by land users
3 - grape planting trees in areas affected by erosion
4 - building barriers gradually until they reach the level of agricultural land to be irrigated from the barrier and building gates and canals by the users of the land beneficiaries of the barrier
For agricultural land away from the waterway has been rehabilitated and build by the users of the land due to lack of manpower where everyone is busy their land to address the damage that occurred, and as a result was rebuilt stone walls in places exposed to the risk of erosion and the work of the walls of the soil in places less dangerous .
The Approach focused mainly on other activities than SLM (Getting benefits from water harvesting in irrigation terraces )
Rehabilitation of terraces and protect it from water damages through or follow the indigenous knowledge that was followed to maintain the terraces. And at the same time harvesting water.
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: land degradation and maintain the traditional techniques, improve agricultural production
Lack of finance
Treatment through the SLM Approach: use available resource in the region
The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights greatly helped the approach implementation: all the land was returned to its original borders was interaction in the implementation process in a positive way and did not happen leads boiling obstruct the implementation process
Hard work and lack of labours
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Grouping together to rebuild the break down walls of stone of the terraces (with no money as a help)
Males over 12 years old
The local community they work collectively and in a positive and self-funded (self-effort) used the available resources available in the region. Approach involves the entire community in all social classes.
It came be done through meetings and discussion to select the best method for implementation.
Exchange experiences especially of what concern of indigenous knowledge to activate them because they are practical and most the farmers familiar with them
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by by land users* alone (self-initiative / bottom-up)
bio-physical aspects were ad hoc monitored by land users through observations
technical aspects were regular monitored by land users through observations
area treated aspects were ad hoc monitored by other through observations
There were no changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation
There were no changes in the Technology as a result of monitoring and evaluation
Approach costs were met by the following donors: local community / land user(s) (The local community should be responsible for cost of the approaches and technology): 100.0%
protect the land from erosion and drought mitigation
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
Did the Approach lead to improved livelihoods / human well-being?
increased productivity as a result of the availability of irrigation water, reduce maintenance costs and maintain on the ground
Did the Approach help to alleviate poverty?
by increasing the rate of production and hence poverty alleviation
Increase the amount of production
- Protect the land from erosion
ِِAs a result of floods
- Drought mitigation
Increase soil moisture
- Find easy ways to do the production process, even at the expense of resources of future generations, the most important ground water that drains a result of drilling wells for the purpose of irrigation, which led to the neglect of maintenance operations may not be great at the present time, but may increase in the future, leading to the extinction of these techniques
|The rehabilitation of degraded agri terraces were carried out by the local farmers who constitute a teamwork (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Development of domestic legislation and to ensure the continued support of collective action)|
|building techniques using the resources available in the region|
Report of traditional knowledge and customs (sallam, et al, 2008)
Agricultural Research and Extension Authority, AREA