Project (LLPPA) [Ethiopia]

approaches_2380 - Ethiopia

Completeness: 67%

1. General information

1.2 Contact details of resource persons and institutions involved in the assessment and documentation of the Approach

Key resource person(s)

SLM specialist:
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (DEZA / COSUDE / DDC / SDC) - Switzerland

1.3 Conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:


1.4 Reference(s) to Questionnaire(s) on SLM Technologies

Area closure

Area closure [Ethiopia]

Closure of degraded land is made on land that has lost vegetation cover, has low soil fertility . To speed up the regeneration process applying some SWC activities and enrichment plantation will be necessary.

  • Compiler: Unknown User

2. Description of the SLM Approach

2.1 Short description of the Approach

It is a local level participatory planning approach.

2.2 Detailed description of the Approach

Detailed description of the Approach:

Aims / objectives: This approach is to strengthen and hinance the community participation on SWC based development to bring sustainable development, To improve soil fertility and water infilteration, as the result to improve productivity, By group approach and volentier farmers, 1. Socio economic survey , 2. Teaching the target group and community, 3. Designing the plan, 4. Designing or prepaing action plan, 5. Implimentation of the planned activities, Back round information role, planning role, implimentation role, management role.

2.5 Country/ region/ locations where the Approach has been applied



Region/ State/ Province:


2.7 Type of Approach

  • project/ programme based

2.8 Main aims/ objectives of the Approach

The Approach focused on SLM only

2.9 Conditions enabling or hindering implementation of the Technology/ Technologies applied under the Approach

social/ cultural/ religious norms and values
  • hindering

Decision from the p.A/ community giving the land to the group.

Treatment through the SLM Approach:

availability/ access to financial resources and services
  • hindering

Lack of hand tools they use by ther own.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: for moist of them provided from wareda K.L.A.N.R. of siol.

legal framework (land tenure, land and water use rights)
  • enabling

The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights moderately helped the approach implementation

knowledge about SLM, access to technical support
  • hindering

Lack of technology awareness

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Trainning were given by wereda specialist

3. Participation and roles of stakeholders involved

3.1 Stakeholders involved in the Approach and their roles

  • local land users/ local communities

Specific ethnic groups: Oromo and Amhara

Labour contribution. Women are mostlly restricted in house. Every group member have right and freedom to make adecision.

  • national government (planners, decision-makers)

Technical and material support.

  • woreda natural resource expert
If several stakeholders were involved, indicate lead agency:

LLPPA Approach

3.2 Involvement of local land users/ local communities in the different phases of the Approach
Involvement of local land users/ local communities Specify who was involved and describe activities
initiation/ motivation interactive public meetings, workshops/seminars; Produce new idea some problem by disccsion.
planning interactive
implementation passive
monitoring/ evaluation passive interviews/questionnaires, reporting, measurements/observations;
Research none

3.4 Decision-making on the selection of SLM Technology/ Technologies

Specify who decided on the selection of the Technology/ Technologies to be implemented:
  • mainly land users, supported by SLM specialists

First wereda expert were inform for community on the import one of natural resource conservation then the community organized in auorteanteary base and difinite area with the specialist.

Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by SLM specialists with consultation of land users. Expert delimat the area and recommeded pasebel measures and follow the implementation.

4. Technical support, capacity building, and knowledge management

4.1 Capacity building/ training

Was training provided to land users/ other stakeholders?


Specify who was trained:
  • land users
  • 1-extensionists/trainers. 2-school children/students
Subjects covered:

About SWC objective the reason to b conserved and it about its benefit.

4.2 Advisory service

Do land users have access to an advisory service?


Describe/ comments:

Key elements: Motivation, Production; 1) Mainly: government's existing extension system, Partly: projects own extension structure and agent

Advisory service is quite adequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities

4.3 Institution strengthening (organizational development)

Have institutions been established or strengthened through the Approach?
  • yes, moderately
Specify the level(s) at which institutions have been strengthened or established:
  • local
Specify type of support:
  • capacity building/ training
  • equipment

4.4 Monitoring and evaluation

Is monitoring and evaluation part of the Approach?



technical aspects were regular monitored through measurements

socio-cultural aspects were regular monitored through observations

economic / production aspects were ad hoc monitored through measurements

area treated aspects were None monitored through observations

no. of land users involved aspects were monitored

management of Approach aspects were monitored

There were few changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation

5. Financing and external material support

5.1 Annual budget for the SLM component of the Approach

If precise annual budget is not known, indicate range:
  • < 2,000
Comments (e.g. main sources of funding/ major donors):

Approach costs were met by the following donors: government (national): 25.0%; national non-government (-): 50.0%; local community / land user(s) (-): 25.0%

5.2 Financial/ material support provided to land users

Did land users receive financial/ material support for implementing the Technology/ Technologies?


5.3 Subsidies for specific inputs (including labour)

  • equipment
Specify which inputs were subsidised To which extent Specify subsidies
tools Handtools
  • agricultural
Specify which inputs were subsidised To which extent Specify subsidies
seeds fully financed
Seedlings fully financed
If labour by land users was a substantial input, was it:
  • food-for-work

Within voluntary labout input seedling planting & repitting, Within food for work sonstruction of terriace.

6. Impact analysis and concluding statements

6.1 Impacts of the Approach

Did the Approach help land users to implement and maintain SLM Technologies?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

Arround more than 1000 the srounding households.

Did the Approach improve issues of land tenure/ user rights that hindered implementation of SLM Technologies?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

6.3 Sustainability of Approach activities

Can the land users sustain what has been implemented through the Approach (without external support)?
  • yes

6.4 Strengths/ advantages of the Approach

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
About its increasing of grass production (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Through protection from any interfirance)
Satisfuction of their fuel wood demand (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Through protection from any interfirance)
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
Reducing run-off and inc infiltration (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: contineous mentenance of physical and biological structure.)
Moisture harvesting (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: contineous mentenance of physical and biological structure.)
Increasing income generation (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Contineous protection from animal interfirance with proper utilzation by cut and carry system.)
It is solving shortage of fuel and construction wood (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Throught contineous replantation and protection from misusing interfirance)

7. References and links

7.1 Methods/ sources of information

  • field visits, field surveys
  • interviews with land users

Links and modules

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