Water & Soil Conservation Office of Zhaoan County
408# Office Building of Zhaoan County Government, Fujian 363500
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Water & Soil Conservation Office of Zhaoan County (Water & Soil Conservation Office of Zhaoan County) - 中国
Interplanting plum, peach and other fruit trees in longan orchard on level terraces in order to prevent soil and water loss and improve production of the fruit trees.
The objectives of the approach is to interplant fruit trees in orchard so as to prevent water loss and soil erosion. The specific targets are to build the slope land in the hilly and mountain areas into terraces and plant trees in order to improve surface vegetation cover rate and reduce water and soil loss; to harvest surplus rainfall in the raining season and irrigate the fruit trees in dry seasons. To implement the project, local government gave financial support and SWC specialists gave technologically guide to local land users.
The main aims are to lead the land users to develop waste mountain areas and plant fruit trees in order to add farmers' income. The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: To strengthen the management in the area of serious water loss and soil erosion, consummate the SWC measures and mobilize enthusiasm of the land users in SWC.
lack of capital causing the farmers' unwillingness to invest much.
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Raising fund from variable channels and government constructing infrastructure beforehand.
The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights greatly helped the approach implementation: Separation between ownership and usufruct of land, to great extent, enhances the land users' enthusiasm of SWC investment.
Lack of specific technicians, practical experience is not enough.
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Traning specific technicians, propagandizing the techniques.
Working land users were work equally divided between men and women (The manner of community is in favor of investment in water & soil conservation as well as save the total cost.)
water & soil conservation departments
- National specialists
|启动/动机||外部支持||Public meetings; Convening the public meeting for the delegates and cadres in the village committees.|
|计划||互动||Public meetings; Consulting the concrete imbursement of the measures from governments and dividing the lands to plant.|
|实施||自我动员||Responsibility for major steps; Taking a lot of time to level off lands, build and repair terraces as well as improve soil fertility.|
|监测/评估||互动||Mainly: Reporting; partly: Interviews/questionnaires; Land users report the results for higher-up administrative sections and exchange experience as well as popularize good method.|
|Research||互动||on-station; Mainly investigating the effects of the SWC, studying good methods from others.|
According to the mass's request of developing market economy, which also can enhance the water & soil conservation.
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by land users supported by SLM specialists. The administration sections popularize the technique by establishing small trial and demonstration areas.
- Extensionists/trainers (2), SWC specialists (1)
- Farm visits
How to fertilize and manage fruit trees.
Name of method used for advisory service: Interplanting in orchard; Key elements: interplanting, fruit trees, management; 1) Extension staff: Mainly government employees 2) Target groups for extension: Land users; Activities: Carrying out technic training
Advisory service is quite adequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; Mainly inducting the land users to plantation according to market needs so as to maintain the development of agricultural economy. Some aspects have to be improved.
bio-physical aspects were ad hoc monitored through measurements
technical aspects were regular monitored through measurements
socio-cultural aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations
economic / production aspects were ad hoc monitored through measurements
area treated aspects were regular monitored through measurements
land users involved aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations
management of Approach aspects were regular monitored through observations
There were few changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: From the observation and evaluation, the shortcoming could be found and remedied.
Research was carried out on-farm
Approach costs were met by the following donors: government (national - state): 80.0%; other (land users): 20.0%
|community infrastructure||free of charge|
Main input in labor, paid in cash.
Interest rate charged: 0.74%, Interest was lower than market rate.
The rich easily obtain credit.
Changing the land use pattern and obtain higher benefits from the SWC input.
By the project implementation of national or local government, some subsidies can make up for the obstacle. The problem is likely to be overcome in the near future. Along with the land users' recognizant enhance of SWC, the conflict between land ownership and use right could be minimized.
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
Development of the woodland also adopts the approach of water & soil conservation.
|Increasing fruit tree yield and income (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Collecting information and planting the species that market need.)|
|Increasing farmers' income and improving the locals living standard. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Enlarging planting areas.)|
|Developing the waste mountain and hilly areas and recovering environment. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Scientifically planning and implementing.)|
|Enhance of land users' SWC consciousness. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Training and demonstration.)|
|Much more input at the beginning.||Subsidy.|