SWC Office of Zhenghe County
Zhenghe 353600, Fujian
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）SWC Office of Zhenghe County - 中国
The comprehensive measures including interplanting & intercropping are applied in the small watershed to control soil and water loss and improve land production and farmers' income.
On the basis of the local national conditions and soil and water loss, the comprehensive SWC measures were adopted to pursue the targets including: 100% control of the soil and water loss; Ground cover rate up to 90%, among them forest cover rate reaches 85%; Adjusting agricultural structure to increase the local farmers' income of US Dollar 39337 by the end of the project implementation; Improving sluice ability in the basin. 5. Solving the problems of energy source in countryside.
The implementation stages of the project: 1990--1996: Planting trees including fruit trees. 1992--1994: preparing and programming. 1995: Initiating the program including a. planting vegetation of 461 ha; b intercropping area of 26.5 ha; c. building 2.5 km road and a water dam. 1996: a. closing mountain area 224.1 ha; b. Changing 3.3 ha of farmland to afforest; c. building a 2 km road. The Zhenghe county division of SWC took charge in preparation, programming and guidance.
In principle, the local farmers play main role in the SWC project and government give proper subsidy. Aiming to solve the problems of water loss and serious soil erosion, frequent natural disaster in the watershed. Considering the desire of the peasants' increasing income, comprehensive development of mountain, water, forest and farmland in the basin.
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: Disafforestation and irrational land use led to the disasters such as flooding and land degradation, e.g.. The floods of '5.21' in 1988 and '7.22' in 1989 which caused much loss; the drought disaster in 1990 resulted in loss of 23'614 US dollars. The disasters affect the agricultural production and people's life.
financial crisis in the county, lack of capital
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Government support and peasants raise fund by themselves
The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights greatly helped the approach implementation: Because most of the mountain lands and forest belong to community, it is convenient for the management and development with large scale.
Working land users were mainly men (Men bear main labor.)
SWC Office of Zhenghe County
|计划||互动||Mainly: Workshops/seminars; partly: Interviews/questionnaires|
|监测/评估||互动||Mainly: Measurements/observations; partly: Interviews/questionnaires;|
|Research||自我动员||on-station; Mainly in small watershed|
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by SLM specialists with consultation of land users. Represents of village committees and villagers as well as SWC specialists.
- Extensionists/trainers (2)
Planting skills and management as well as fertilization for orange and pear trees etc.
Name of method used for advisory service: Comprehensive management and development; Key elements: The enthusiasm of the local peasants, Comprehensive control and development of a small watershed., maintaining; 1) Mainly: projects own extension structure and agents, Partly: government's existing extension system 2) Mainly: projects own extension structure and agents, Partly: government's existing extension system; Extension staff: Mainly government employees 3) Target groups for extension: Land users; Activities: Technicians instruct peasants
Advisory service is quite adequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; Top-down agricultural/SWC technology extension service system has been established at variable government levels, they have capability of extension all kinds of the new techniques.
technical aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations
socio-cultural aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations
economic / production aspects were regular monitored through measurements
land users involved aspects were ad hoc monitored through measurements
management of Approach aspects were regular monitored through observations
There were several changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: Species of fruit trees constantly being improved. Technical management were perfect.
Studying on practical situation in the region, illustrating where and what fruit trees can be planted as well as their values etc.
Research was carried out both on station and on-farm
Approach costs were met by the following donors: government (National - invest 24'229 USD by the SWC section): 23.0%; other (Self-raise fund by group and individuals): 77.0%
also rewarded with other material support
Applying the mixed organic fertilizer to amend soil structure and plant grass.
The land use right can help the land users to conduct development and management on the lands after signing land use right contract. The problem is likely to be overcome in the near future. Rational planning and design to adjust the proportion of farmland and woodland, timely solve the disagreement of land use.
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
The other places in Zhenghe county have been initiating to plant fruit trees following this demonstration project.
|The economic income has increased greatly. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: It is needed for the mass to rationally use land and control the water loss and soil erosion and protect forest.)|
|The living environment of the residents have been changing more beautiful. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Forbidding disafforesting and overgrazing.)|
|The technique were warmly belcome by the farmers. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: constantly maintain primary layout, insisting maintains in long time.)|
|The land users self-conscious maintain the range of exerted plan of the SWC|
|Most regions have realized the importance of the SWC.|