有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）CARITAS (Switzerland) - 瑞士
Management and control of the water distribution, maintenance of the infrastructure and water conflict resolution by the locally organized association
Aims / objectives: Under the National land reform of the Republic of Tajikistan, land resources, which used to belong to kolkhozes and sovkhozes, were distributed to individual households. Such division had two consequences, on the one hand, villagers were given opportunity to develop the land privately as an income-generating source, and on the other hand, it intensified the conflicts over water. The government was not capable to solve the disputes over water and manage the water resources sustainably because of lack of finances and lack of staff. A water users association was created with the aim to replace the former Soviet water management system and to ensure systematic and timely distribution of irrigation water and maintenance, as well as to improve the infrastructure.
Methods: This approach involves thee different actors: association members (water users), the association and the government. The association members have to stick to certain conditions in order to join, namely, they have to pay annual membership fees and water taxes fixed by the government. Government, on its turn, ensures uninterrupted supply of the agreed amount of water and the association is responsible for the control and equal water distribution and all related technical works.
Stages of implementation: Steps involved in creation of the water users association.
1) Local leaders met with representatives of Vodhoz (local state agency, regulating water resources) to discuss creation of an independent association with a full mandate over irrigation water management; 2) Leaders organized a general meeting with people of 5 villages in Muminabad district to inform them about the role and importance of establishing a locally based association and discuss conditions for its membership; 3) Charter of the association was developed, 5 leaders representing villages were elected and the amount of a membership fee was agreed upon; 4) The association was registered as a legal entity; 5) Needed amount of water per growing season was calculated and agreed upon; 5) The Leaders (of association?) and Vodvoz concluded an agreement, according to which, Vodhoz is obliged to provide the required amount of water and the association leaders agree to collect the determined fees for water from the water users and to deliver it on time to Vodvoz.
Role of stakeholders: The role of the three main stakeholders (Vodhoz, association and water users) is to follow the rules of the association. There is a strong element of trust among the association and its members.
The Approach focused mainly on SLM with other activities (regulation of water distribution, water conservation, conflict resolution)
To establish a responsible body, recognized by the government and accepted by the local people, to manage water related issues and to maintain as well as to improve conditions of the infrastructure in the local level.
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: The approach is addressing the problem connected with the use of the water resource. Incapability of the government to manage waters on the village level resulted in conflicts over water use, misusage of water and abundance of the infrastructure. This condition had a direct effect to productivity and to food security as a consequence.
No funds available to maintain the infrastructure
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Annual membership fees
No strong and effective mechanism to regulate irrigation water resources at the local level.
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Establishment of the water users association at the local level and respresented by local people.
Unclear situation with regard to water use rights and obligations.
Treatment through the SLM Approach: The condition that association was represented by the local leaders enlarged the trust among the population. During the general meetings local leaders of the association explained for what villages are paying and where money would be invested.
|启动/动机||互动||It was members of the local community, who thought of the idea and they approached the local water agency.|
|计划||互动||Local leaders organized the meeting where all interested villagers participated.|
|实施||外部支持||Implementation was entirely through the local community.|
Organizational chart showing the establishment set up of the Water User Association
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by by land users* alone (self-initiative / bottom-up)
technical aspects were regular monitored by project staff, government, land users through observations; indicators: None
economic / production aspects were regular monitored by project staff, government, land users through observations; indicators: None
area treated aspects were regular monitored by project staff, government, land users through observations; indicators: None
area treated aspects were regular monitored by project staff, government, land users through measurements; indicators: None
management of Approach aspects were regular monitored by project staff, government, land users through observations; indicators: None
management of Approach aspects were None monitored by project staff, government, land users through measurements; indicators: None
There were several changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: None
Approach costs were met by the following donors: international: 80.0%; local government (district, county, municipality, village etc): 10.0%; local community / land user(s): 10.0%
Increase of yield. Farmers receive more yield from the small plots.
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
Did the Approach lead to improved livelihoods / human well-being?
Since the certain mechanism of water management was developed, water disputes significantly reduced and productivity increased
Did the Approach help to alleviate poverty?
to improve crop production
to improve yield
- well-being and livelihoods improvement
improvement of villagers' well-being, whose main income comes from the agriculture
|Water management through such associations is of states' interest as well, and therefore state supports minilar initiatives.|
|Conflict resolution: Association leaders act as a conflict resolving body and due to their respectful position in the community, they are able to avoid serious conflicts.|
|Transparency: Association is initiated and regulated by the local leaders, therefore there is much more trust on them among water users.|
|sometimes it is difficult to collect money from water users.|
|membership fee is too low and not enough to make significant investment to maintanence of the infrstructure.|