有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Rakai District - 乌干达
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Kabale District Local Government (Kabale District Local Government) - 乌干达
Crop rotation on a slightly sloping crop land.
Aims / objectives: To improve the soil conditions in order to retain fertility, to allow proper plant growth by introducing nitrogen fixing and other crop varieties.
Methods: The crops are rotated on the different demarcated plots, according to their nutrient needs.ie. legumes and non legumes.
Stages of implementation: The cropland is demarcated into plots of 1 acre .They are ploughed and planted with crops, considering the past seasons varieties, which were grown considering nutrient needs.
Role of stakeholders: The stakeholders are involved right away .From the planning stages up to the implementation, consultation on advisory, and acquisition of new improved varieties. Stakeholders also do carry out routine maintenance.
The Approach focused mainly on SLM with other activities (addition of green manure)
-To improve the soil fertility.
-To increase the agricultural production.
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: -Low agricultural production .
-Loss of soil fertility/nutrients.
-Lack of sustainable land management skills.
Treatment through the SLM Approach: The land belonged to cultural institution
There was no legal ownership, the land belonged to institution.
Treatment through the SLM Approach:
The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights moderately hindered the approach implementation The users entered agreement with land lords.
Prisons' institution and authority
The inmates were involved in the implementation of the approach.
|启动/动机||自我动员||The prisons' authority planned the land use change on the crop land.|
The approach was initiated by the land user ,under the institution and could take decisions by theselves without involving a wide range of stakeholders.
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by by land users* alone (self-initiative / bottom-up). The land users implemented the technology as a group , under a single institution on a single cropland.
Name of method used for advisory service: Field experience. ; Key elements: Observations. ; Authorities of the institution had experience from demonstration and later adopted the approach.
Advisory service is inadequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; very few land users have adopted the technology.
economic / production aspects were ad hoc monitored by land users through measurements; indicators: produce is recorded after harvest.
management of Approach aspects were regular monitored by land users through observations; indicators: in mates are supervised on a daily basis.
There were several changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: New improved varieties introduced , Records of rotations kept, sustainability of soil fertility maintained.
There were few changes in the Technology as a result of monitoring and evaluation: During cultivation the green grass is buried in the soil.
Approach costs were met by the following donors: local community / land user(s) (SLM appraoch cost was met by the institution. )
Inmates worked on the institution crop land
The soil fertility was maintained in the soil. The land retained capacity of supporting proper plant growth.
improved food security for the in mates.
There was interference during the implementation of the approach. The problem is likely to be overcome in the near future. The land users included the land lord in the land use planning.
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
Mutukula prison farm, Kakuuto Sub county farm.
Did the Approach lead to improved livelihoods / human well-being?
-improved food security. -Stable production. -assured sources of income. -improved food security. -Stable production. -assured sources of income. -improved food security.
Did the Approach help to alleviate poverty?
increased crop production leading to surplus ,which is sold in markets.
With fertility retained in soil, high yields possible .
By monitoring the routine planning process and involving all stakeholders at all stages of implementation and to carry out monitoring and evaluation.
|Ownership to the approach. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Extension of the approach. )|
|Availability of Manpower. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Develop a work plan. )|
|Existing plan of land use change. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: periodic reviews. )|
|Having the land (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Ensure legal ownership. )|
|Tradition knowhow. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Routine practices.)|
|Approach requires a big land.||mobilise for more land resource.|
|Some varieties require land that has rested for a long period.||introduction of new varieties.|
|Sudden change of season interferes with the plan.||Timely implementation.|