UNCCD

Conversion de zones cultivées en forêt régionale [Senegal]

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Reporting Entity: Senegal

Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights: Geen

Completeness: 91%

General Information

General Information

Title of best practice:

Conversion de zones cultivées en forêt
régionale

Country:

Senegal

Reporting Entity:

Senegal

Property Rights

Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights:

Geen

Classification

Prevailing land use in the specified location

  • Woodland
  • Uproductive land

Contribution to Desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) measures

  • Adaptation
  • Rehabilitation

Contribution to the strategic objectives

  • To improve the living conditions of affected populations
  • To improve the conditions of affected ecosystems

Linkages with the other best practice themes

  • Capacity-building and awareness-raising
  • DLDD and SLM monitoring and assessment/research
  • Knowledge management and decision support

Specifications

Section 1. Context of the best practice: frame conditions (natural and human environment)

Short description of the best practice

En 2004, l’Etat sénégalais a entrepris un programme de mise en place de forêts
communautaires.se sont
alors mobilisées pour aménager d’un commun accord avec le service des Eaux et
Forêts une parcelle de 500 ha. Cet espace fut clôturé pour prévenir la divagation du
bétail et cerné d’un pare-feu périmétral de protection contre les feux bien que leur
occurrence soit en baisse depuis quelques années.|

Location

Village de Nguith, département de Linguère.|

If the location has well defined boundaries, specify its extension in hectares:

500.0

Estimated population living in the location:

300.0

Brief description of the natural environment within the specified location.

plat
Sol sableux pauvre
Steppe arbustive fortement dégradée.

Prevailing socio-economic conditions of those living in the location and/or nearby

Généralement pauvres.revenus très faibles.
Agricultre
communautaire (Selon le droit positif, la terre relève du domaine national).|

On the basis of which criteria and/or indicator(s) (not related to The Strategy) the proposed practice and corresponding technology has been considered as 'best'?

Taux de réussite des plants mis en terre.

Section 2. Problems addressed (direct and indirect causes) and objectives of the best practice

Main problems addressed by the best practice

Reboisement
Augmentation du taux de couverture arborée.

Outline specific land degradation problems addressed by the best practice

Terres improductives
Dégradation des terres
Dégradation
biologique :
réduction de la couverture végétale
Erosion éolienne : perte du sol de surface

Specify the objectives of the best practice

- Augmentation de la matière organique
- Augmentation de la disponibilité des nutriments
- Augmentation de l'infiltration
- Amélioration de la structure du sol en surface
- Contrôle des feux

Section 3. Activities

Brief description of main activities, by objective

Activités de mise en place (mode de gestion)
1. Réunion de concertation (élaboration de charte)
2. Sensibilisation
Activités de mise en place (pratiques végétales)
1. Mise en place de la pépinière
Activités de mise en place (structures physiques)
1. Confection et pose de la clôture
2. Ouverture du pare feu

Short description and technical specifications of the technology

mise en défens de la parcelle reboisée avec 6250 plants de Acacia senegal
Parcelle de mise en défens assitée avec reboisement.

Section 4. Institutions/actors involved (collaboration, participation, role of stakeholders)

Name and address of the institution developing the technology


Direction des Eaux et Forêts|Dakar-Hann
secteur Forestier de Linguère.

Was the technology developed in partnership?

Ja

List the partners:

Eaux et Forêts
Collectivité locale de Ouarkhokh
population de Nguith

Specify the framework within which the technology was promoted

  • National initiative – government-led

Was the participation of local stakeholders, including CSOs, fostered in the development of the technology?

Ja

List local stakeholders involved:

Eaux et Forêts
Populations
Autorités Locales

For the stakeholders listed above, specify their role in the design, introduction, use and maintenance of the technology, if any.

Eaux et Forêts: encadrement, renforcement de capacités, fourniture d'intrants
Collectivités Locales: encadrement, délibération/affectation des terres.
Populations locales: conduite des travaux, surveillance.|

Was the population living in the location and/or nearby involved in the development of the technology?

Ja

By means of what?
  • Participatory approaches

Analysis

Section 5. Contribution to impact

Describe on-site impacts (the major two impacts by category)

Augmentation du nombre d'arbres
présence de la petite faune.

Describe the major two off-site (i.e. not occurring in the location but in the surrounding areas) impacts

Contribution aux conditions d’existence / bien-être humain
revenus des produits forestiers.

Impact on biodiversity and climate change

Explain the reasons:

sequestration carbone.
Augmentation de la faune.

Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?

Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?

Geen

Section 6. Adoption and replicability

Was the technology disseminated/introduced to other locations?

Was the technology disseminated/introduced to other locations?

Ja

Where?

toutes les régions du Sénégal

Can you identify the three main conditions that led to the success of the presented best practice/technology?

Volonté politique
Ahésion des populations.
Bonne expertise.

Replicability

In your opinion, the best practice/technology you have proposed can be replicated, although with some level of adaptation, elsewhere?

Ja

At which level?
  • Local
  • Sub-national
  • National

Section 7. Lessons learned

Related to human resources

Forte volonté politique

Related to financial aspects

nécessité de moyens financiers conséquents

Related to technical aspects

expertise

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