CCA

Climate Change Adaptation Module

Technology: Barrereas vivas 2

cca_5591

Completeness: 48%

1. General Information

1.1 Name of the SLM Technology

Name:

Barrereas vivas 2

1.2 Contact details of resource persons and institutions involved in the assessment and documentation of the Technology

Key resource person(s)

land user:

2. Exposure

2.2 Land users' experiences of gradual climate changes and climate-related extremes (disasters)

Gradual climate change

Indicate season Experienced by land user(s) and SLM specialist(s) in the last 10 years. If the gradual climate change/climate-related extreme is mostly noticeable during specific seasons/months, tick the months below. If not, keep it blank.
annual temperature increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
seasonal rainfall winter decrease
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
other gradual climate change Fuerte incidencia de vientos increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des

Climate-related extremes (disasters)

Meteorological disasters
Experienced by land user(s) and SLM specialist(s) in the last 10 years. If the gradual climate change/climate-related extreme is mostly noticeable during specific seasons/months, tick the months below. If not, keep it blank.
local windstorm Frequency increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
Intensity increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
Climatological disasters
Experienced by land user(s) and SLM specialist(s) in the last 10 years. If the gradual climate change/climate-related extreme is mostly noticeable during specific seasons/months, tick the months below. If not, keep it blank.
heatwave Frequency increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
Intensity increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
drought Frequency increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
Intensity increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
Biological disasters
Experienced by land user(s) and SLM specialist(s) in the last 10 years. If the gradual climate change/climate-related extreme is mostly noticeable during specific seasons/months, tick the months below. If not, keep it blank.
epidemic diseases Frequency stable
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
Intensity stable
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
insect/ worm infestation Frequency stable
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
Intensity increase
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • Mei
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sept
  • Okt
  • Nov
  • Des
Comments:

A pesar de los vientos que afectan actualmente la zona se debe considerar que las barreras vivas sirven como barrera rompeviento, aunque al momento de la siembra el material vegetativo es susceptible para un establecimiento seguro.

In the land user's point of view, is there a threshold (in view of frequency and/ or severity of the gradual climate changes or climate-related extremes), which leads to the failure of the Technology?

no

2.3 Experienced climate-related extremes (disasters)

Has the Technology been exposed to climate-related extremes (disasters) in the last 10 years or more?

Geen

3. Sensitivity (risks and potentials)

3.1 Land degradation types and related sensitivity of the Technology

Table 1: Reassessment of land degradation types listed in QT Core 3.7
Gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme (disaster) Land degradation type addressed by the Technology listed in QT Core 3.7 Sensitivity of the Technology to land degradation type Specify/ comments

other gradual climate change

Wt: loss of topsoil/ surface erosion neutral No hay perdida de suelo por erosión hídrica

other gradual climate change

Pu: loss of bio-productive function due to other activities neutral La escasez de lluvia afecta la actividad biológica de los microorganismos en el suelo.

other gradual climate change

Bq: quantity/ biomass decline neutral Por la seguía se reducen las obras culturales de regulación de sombra y por ende se reduce el aporte de biomasa.
Table 2: Assessment of newly occurring land degradation types
Gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme (disaster) Land degradation type newly occurring due to gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme (disaster) Sensitivity of the Technology to land degradation type Specify/ comments

other gradual climate change

Et: loss of topsoil very unfavourable influence

other gradual climate change

Cn: fertility decline and reduced soil organic matter content (not caused by erosion) very unfavourable influence

other gradual climate change

Bl: loss of soil life very unfavourable influence

other gradual climate change

Ha: aridification very unfavourable influence

3.2 On- and off-site impacts of the Technology under gradual climate changes and climate-related extremes (disasters)

Socio-economic impacts (on-site)

Production
Name of gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme Impact Extent

drought

crop production
decreased
increased

drought

crop quality
decreased
increased

drought

product diversity
decreased
increased
Water availability and quality
Name of gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme Impact Extent

drought

drinking water availability
decreased
increased
Income and costs
Name of gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme Impact Extent

drought

farm income
decreased
increased

drought

workload
increased
decreased

Ecological impacts (on-site)

Water cycle/ runoff
Name of gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme Impact Extent

drought

water quantity
decreased
increased

drought

water quality
decreased
increased

drought

harvesting/ collection of water
reduced
improved

drought

evaporation
increased
decreased
Soil
Name of gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme Impact Extent

drought

soil moisture
decreased
increased
Biodiversity: vegetation, animals
Name of gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme Impact Extent

drought

beneficial species
decreased
increased
Climate and disaster risk reduction
Name of gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme Impact Extent

drought

drought impacts
increased
decreased

drought

wind velocity
increased
decreased

Off-site impacts

Name of gradual climate change/ climate-related extreme Impact Extent

drought

water availability
decreased
increased

drought

reliable and stable stream flows in dry season
reduced
increased
Comments regarding the impact assessment:

En la àreas de producción la seguía es considerada un problema que afecta primeramente el crecimiento e las plantaciones, las labores culturales en la finca y aplicaciòn de los insumos.

3.3 Experienced high-risk times (during the year)

Which are high-risk times during the year and why? (E.g. in terms of growing season):

Con el comportamiento climático que este año afecta en la zona con la seguía se tienen riesgo de perdida de cosechas y la no floración de las especies que necesitan de la lluvia para culminar esta etapa.

4. Adaptive capacity

4.1 Modification of Technology

Has the Technology been modified to adapt/ further adapt to gradual climate changes and climate-related extremes (disasters)?
  • No. If no, continue with chapter 4.7.

4.7 Suggestions regarding future adaptation of the Technology

What are potential measures that could be taken to further adapt the Technology to gradual climate changes and climate-related extremes?

El productor considera que una medida es tomar en cuenta las fases de la luna, identificar las especies de resistencia a la seguía y la incorporación de abono orgánico al suelo.

4.8 Assets of land users supporting their capacity to adapt to gradual climate changes and climate-related extremes (disasters)

Financial capital

recursos de la finca:
  • low
  • moderate
  • high

Social capital

access to information and knowload on land management
  • low
  • moderate
  • high
Comments:

Capacitaciones, talleres y charlas que se reciben por las instituciones presentes en el municipio.

access to reliable weather forecast information
  • low
  • moderate
  • high
Comments:

cuentan con sistemas de pluviómetros y termómetros que les permite tener información asertada.

Human capital

knowledge on adequate and timely adaptation in land management
  • low
  • moderate
  • high
Comments:

Capacitaciones, talleres y charlas que se reciben por las instituciones presentes en el municipio.

Natural capital

plant material and resources
  • low
  • moderate
  • high
Comments:

Se tienen establecimientos de maderas preciosas

5. Conclusions and lessons learnt

5.1 Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities of the Technology

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities of the technology
Disponibilidad y conocimiento del material vegetativo para su reproducción. Especies adaptables a la zona. Uso de abono y fertilizantes orgánicos.
Beneficios amigables al medio ambiente ya que atraen especies polinizadores. (abejas)
Material vegetativo de bajo costo que puede ser considerado para comercializar.

5.2 Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks of the Technology and ways of overcoming them

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks How can they be overcome?
Algunas de las especies que se usan en las barreras vivas (pasto taiwàn (Pennisetum sp) y las especies ornamentales) requieren de mucha agua. Identificadas especies resistentes a la seguía para establecer.

6. References and links

6.1 Methods/ sources of information

  • field visits, field surveys

01

  • interviews with land users

01

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