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Establishment of improved orchards and vineyards
technologies

Establishment of improved orchards and vineyards [Afghanistan]

Local and new varieties of fruits are planted on degraded land in accordance with improved management practices. The established orchards and vineyards serve double purpose of soil protection and income generation for the rural households. The alfalfa under the trees supports tree growth and is used for livestock fodder.

  • Compiler: Bettina Wolfgramm
Contour Trench Bund
technologies

Contour Trench Bund [Afghanistan]

Contour trench bund applied on contour lines of moderate slope to trap run-off to improve infiltration and reduce flash floods.

  • Compiler: Aqila Haidery
Contour hedgerows of alfalfa in annual cropland
technologies

Contour hedgerows of alfalfa in annual cropland [Afghanistan]

Hedgerows are vegetative strips of perennial grasses, shrubs or legumes - such as alfalfa - located along contours across a slope. These vegetative strips form a barrier to halt soil erosion and improve soil fertility. Hedgerows of alfalfa also provide quality animal fodder for a period of 5-10 years.

  • Compiler: Bettina Wolfgramm
Gully treatment
technologies

Gully treatment [Afghanistan]

Small check dams made of stone, together with planting of trees, slow water flow and reduce further erosion in a gully, leading to its restoration.

  • Compiler: Bettina Wolfgramm
Community fodder bank for sustaining supplies
technologies

Community fodder bank for sustaining supplies [Afghanistan]

Community fodder banks have been established in villages for the purpose of ensuring supplies of livestock fodder during winter, to prevent loss of livestock and to prevent over-grazing early in spring.

  • Compiler: Bettina Wolfgramm
Keyhole  Garden
technologies

Keyhole Garden [Afghanistan]

Keyhole garden farming offers farmers the opportunity to increase production while decreasing garden area.

  • Compiler: Aqila Haidery
Afforestation for firewood production
technologies

Afforestation for firewood production [Afghanistan]

Non-fruit and fruit trees are planted on heavily degraded forest land to protect the land from erosion and further degradation and provide fuelwood for the local community.

  • Compiler: Bettina Wolfgramm
Ferula cultivation on degraded slopes
technologies

Ferula cultivation on degraded slopes [Afghanistan]

Ferula cultivation is used as a method to protect cropland and grazing land from erosion - and it can bring degraded land back into production. It provides ferula gum, which is sold for high prices on the local market.

  • Compiler: Bettina Wolfgramm