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1. General information
1.2 Contact details of resource persons and institutions involved in the assessment and documentation of the Approach
Key resource person(s)
Biswas Shekhar R.
IUCN-The World Conservation Union
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)United Nations Development Program (United Nations Development Program) - Tajikistan
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)Dept. of Public Administration (Dept. of Public Administration) - Bangladesh
1.3 Conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT
The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:
1.4 Reference(s) to Questionnaire(s) on SLM Technologies
2. Description of the SLM Approach
2.1 Short description of the Approach
The traditional approach of valley floor terraced rice cultivation at individual household level for their subsistance.
2.2 Detailed description of the Approach
Detailed description of the Approach:
Aims / objectives: This approach basically concentrated on paddy cultivation for household consumption. All members of an individual family provide labours for execution of vartious activities with the aim to produce rice. The stages of implementation are site selection, land preparation (slash and clearing, weeding etc), construction of bunds and trenches, dressing of the hill sides, levelling of the lands and crop cultivation. Male and female play different role in the activities. Male farmers are involved in earth cutting, construction of bunds and trenches whereas the females help in seed sowing and harvesting. The farmers usually used traditional tools viz. dao, axe, spade etc.
2.5 Country/ region/ locations where the Approach has been applied
2.7 Type of Approach
- traditional/ indigenous
2.8 Main aims/ objectives of the Approach
The Approach focused mainly on other activities than SLM (Rice cultivation)
Paddy cultivation and income generation.
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: Under utilization of land and water, unemployment and food scarcity are the main problems addressed by the approach.
2.9 Conditions enabling or hindering implementation of the Technology/ Technologies applied under the Approach
availability/ access to financial resources and services
lack of fund for the execution of different activities
Treatment through the SLM Approach: they engage family labour and also hired labours with the condition of late payment. They usually pay interms of goods (eg. Paddy) instead of cash.
legal framework (land tenure, land and water use rights)
Non recognition of customary rights
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Take recommendeations from concerned authorities (eg. Head man)
The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights hindered a little the approach implementation
3. Participation and roles of stakeholders involved
3.1 Stakeholders involved in the Approach and their roles
- local land users/ local communities
Lnad users basically implement at individual household level. Working land users were mainly men (Family members are engaged as day labourer at the different stages of the above mentioned activities.) Genetically females are physically weak. Male farmers are invilved in heavy works where as females are engaged with lite work at the different stages of activities.
3.2 Involvement of local land users/ local communities in the different phases of the Approach
|Involvement of local land users/ local communities||Specify who was involved and describe activities|
3.4 Decision-making on the selection of SLM Technology/ Technologies
Specify who decided on the selection of the Technology/ Technologies to be implemented:
- land users alone (self-initiative)
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by by land users* alone (self-initiative / bottom-up)
4. Technical support, capacity building, and knowledge management
4.2 Advisory service
Do land users have access to an advisory service?
Advisory service is very adequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities
6. Impact analysis and concluding statements
6.1 Impacts of the Approach
Did the Approach help land users to implement and maintain SLM Technologies?
- Yes, little
- Yes, moderately
- Yes, greatly
The improvement includes reduction of run off and siltation.
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
- Yes, little
- Yes, moderately
- Yes, greatly
Among 13 families, 7 started first and the remaining six families joined with the approach later on.
6.3 Sustainability of Approach activities
Can the land users sustain what has been implemented through the Approach (without external support)?
6.4 Strengths/ advantages of the Approach
|Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view|
|This approach is easy to execute.|
|It is nearby their residence.|
|This approach can enrich their family members.|
|Ensure staple food availability.|
|Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view|
|This approach is based on traditional/indigenous practices. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: This facts should be emphasized while dessiminating /expanding the approach in order of getting more acceptibility.)|
|It is simple, easy to adopt. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: The relevant publiuc literatures should be kept simple, jargon free and preferably in local language.)|
6.5 Weaknesses/ disadvantages of the Approach and ways of overcoming them
|Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the land user’s view||How can they be overcome?|
|Land slides sometimes brek down the drainage and thereby the whole system.|
|During monsoon due to heavy showers flash flood occurs leading to the damage of the crops.||Diversion of up-hill water flow into other ways.|
7. References and links
7.1 Methods/ sources of information
- field visits, field surveys
- interviews with land users