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Constructed wetland with tile drainage
technologies

Constructed wetland with tile drainage [Czech Republic]

A constructed wetland connected to tile drains that slows drainage flow, removes nitrogen and pesticides from drainage waters, and improves biodiversity. Formed from a substrate of matured birch chips and gravel, and is planted with reeds (Phalaris arundinacea) and reed manna grass (Glyceria maxima).

  • Compiler: Petr Fučík
Detention ponds
technologies

Detention ponds [Germany]

Detention ponds are artificially excavated basins that collect stormwater runoff and eroded sediment from the upstream catchment. The water stored in these ponds is slowly released into a water body or it infiltrates into the groundwater – or both. Their primary functions are flood control, erosion control and water quality …

  • Compiler: Felix Witing
Riparian buffer strip with naturally recovered vegetation
technologies

Riparian buffer strip with naturally recovered vegetation [Germany]

Riparian buffer strips refer to the permanent greening of arable land alongside streams and other water bodies. By slowing down runoff water from the land, they help to protect water bodies from diffuse pollution. Riparian buffer strips have multiple other environmental benefits, but disadvantages also.

  • Compiler: Felix Witing
Grassed waterways
technologies

Grassed waterways [Germany]

A grassed waterway is a strip of grass and other permanent low growing vegetation that is established along in the main drainage line (the thalweg) of an agricultural field to discharge water safely and prevent gully development.

  • Compiler: Felix Witing
Strip-till
technologies

Strip-till [Germany]

Strip-till is a form of precision farming and conservation agriculture that combines minimum tillage in strips with no-till on the remainder of the field. The soil over the whole field is protected by a growing crop or mulch from sunlight, and especially from the direct impact of raindrops by providing …

  • Compiler: Felix Witing
Freezing winter cover crops
technologies

Freezing winter cover crops [Germany]

Freezing winter cover crops are planted to cover the soil rather than for the purpose of being harvested. They improve soil structure, diversify cropping systems, suppress weeds and pests, and prevent nutrient loss.

  • Compiler: Michael Strauch
Meadows and pastures
technologies

Meadows and pastures [Hungary]

Permanent meadows or pastures are more effective in controlling land degradation than arable cropping. They are especially appropriate in hilly regions on sloping land where the risk of water erosion is high.

  • Compiler: Brigitta Szabó
Peak flow control structures (leaky woody dams)
technologies

Peak flow control structures (leaky woody dams) [Hungary]

Peak flow control structures are designed to reduce flow velocities and quantities running down from catchment areas. Leaky dams are peak flow control structures that are made of wood and allow low flows to pass through, but hold back high flows, thus providing temporary storage and enhanced infiltration of flood …

  • Compiler: Brigitta Szabó
Permanent grass cover in vineyards
technologies

Permanent grass cover in vineyards [Hungary]

Permanent grass cover under grape vines protects the soil surface against erosion and compaction - and provides better conditions for traffic within the rows during mechanised field operations

  • Compiler: Brigitta Szabó