Local Level Participatory Planning Approach (LLPPA) [Ethiopia]

approaches_2389 - Ethiopia

Completeness: 83%

1. معلومات عامة

1.2 Contact details of resource persons and institutions involved in the assessment and documentation of the Approach

Key resource person(s)

SLM specialist:
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (DEZA / COSUDE / DDC / SDC) - Switzerland

1.3 Conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:


1.4 Reference(s) to Questionnaire(s) on SLM Technologies

Terrasses en banquettes Konso

Terrasses en banquettes Konso [Ethiopia]

Un talus en pierres selon les courbes du niveau en nivelant progressivement la terre entre deux niveaux afin de contrôler l'érosion du sol.

  • Compiler: Daniel Danano

2. Description of the SLM Approach

2.1 Short description of the Approach

It is food for work based participatory approach, by which the land users takes part in all stages of conservation planning, implementation and evaluation.

2.2 Detailed description of the Approach

Detailed description of the Approach:

Aims / objectives: The overall purpose of the approach is to achieve better SWC through promotion of participation, Awarness creation, better organization and better planning. The specific objective of the approach is to provide solutions for Top down approach, to achieve better quality work, to achieve better participation, to achieve better planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

Methods: There are different methods involved in the approach, to mention some: Wealth ranking, Vulnerability assessment and mapping.

Stages of implementation: The stages of implementations are planning, implenentation, monitoring and evaluation.

Role of stakeholders: The roles of the participants are sharing their views and opinions on the resources management and they contribute the full labour required for the activities.

2.3 Photos of the Approach

2.5 Country/ region/ locations where the Approach has been applied



Region/ State/ Province:


2.6 Dates of initiation and termination of the Approach

Indicate year of initiation:


2.7 Type of Approach

  • project/ programme based

2.8 Main aims/ objectives of the Approach

The Approach focused on SLM only

Facilitate better achievments of SWC through promotion of participation, awarness creation, better organization, training skill upgrading and better planing

The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: Topdown approach, poor participation and integration, poor planning, low quality of conservation activities and low level of awareness

2.9 Conditions enabling or hindering implementation of the Technology/ Technologies applied under the Approach

social/ cultural/ religious norms and values
  • hindering

Low level of awarness, cultural taboos and poor participation (especially for women)

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Awarness creation activities have been promoted using different methods

availability/ access to financial resources and services
  • hindering

Lack of budget (for ttraining and petty cash)

Treatment through the SLM Approach: By project funding and through income generating activities

institutional setting
  • hindering

Office and staff shortage

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Enough staff should be recurited and offices should be constructed

legal framework (land tenure, land and water use rights)
  • hindering

Absence of policies on the appropraite use of natural resources

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Proper polcy formulation

knowledge about SLM, access to technical support
  • hindering

Shortage of skilled manpower and absence of educated farmer

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Short and long term training

3. Participation and roles of stakeholders involved

3.1 Stakeholders involved in the Approach and their roles

  • local land users/ local communities

Working land users were mainly men (The conservation activities like Bench Terraces are considered heavly and labourious and mainly done by men whereas nursery activities are equally divided)

Local traditional men are considered as hard worker and labourious SWC activities are mainly done by men. Tedious works like bench terraces, ridge and basin etc. are mainly done by men. Less tedious activities like pitting, potting and planting are done by women and men equally. Farmers with very small land holdings participate during general LLPPA meetings

  • national government (planners, decision-makers)

Ministry of Agriculture

  • international organization

WFP (World Food Programme)

If several stakeholders were involved, indicate lead agency:

The National and international SWC specialists together modified the minimum planning approach to LLPPA

3.2 Involvement of local land users/ local communities in the different phases of the Approach
Involvement of local land users/ local communities Specify who was involved and describe activities
initiation/ motivation interactive Mainly:LLPPA; partly: public meetings
planning interactive Mainly: LLPPA; partly: public meetings
implementation external support responsibility for major steps
monitoring/ evaluation none
Research none

3.3 Flow chart (if available)



3.4 Decision-making on the selection of SLM Technology/ Technologies

Specify who decided on the selection of the Technology/ Technologies to be implemented:
  • mainly land users, supported by SLM specialists


Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by land users supported by SLM specialists. consultative

4. Technical support, capacity building, and knowledge management

4.1 Capacity building/ training

Was training provided to land users/ other stakeholders?


Specify who was trained:
  • land users
  • SWC specialists
Form of training:
  • on-the-job
  • farmer-to-farmer
Subjects covered:

Planning, skill upgrading and technical training on SWC

4.2 Advisory service

Do land users have access to an advisory service?


Specify whether advisory service is provided:
  • on land users' fields
Describe/ comments:

1) Advisory service was carried out through: government's existing extension system; Extension staff: mainly government employees

Advisory service is inadequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; in relation to SWC the extension is weak and it is crop biased

4.3 Institution strengthening (organizational development)

Have institutions been established or strengthened through the Approach?
  • yes, moderately
Specify the level(s) at which institutions have been strengthened or established:
  • local
Specify type of support:
  • financial
  • capacity building/ training
  • equipment

4.4 Monitoring and evaluation

Is monitoring and evaluation part of the Approach?



bio-physical aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations

technical aspects were regular monitored through measurements

socio-cultural aspects were ad hoc monitored through observations

area treated aspects were monitored through observations

no. of land users involved aspects were monitored through measurements

There were several changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation: As a result of monitoring and evaluation the quality of work improved. Exotic SWC techniques which fits to the local conditions has been incorporated.

5. Financing and external material support

5.1 Annual budget for the SLM component of the Approach

Comments (e.g. main sources of funding/ major donors):

Approach costs were met by the following donors: international (UN-FFW Ethiopia): 70.0%; government (national Ethiopian Government): 30.0%

5.2 Financial/ material support provided to land users

Did land users receive financial/ material support for implementing the Technology/ Technologies?


5.3 Subsidies for specific inputs (including labour)

  • equipment
Specify which inputs were subsidised To which extent Specify subsidies
tools partly financed Hand tools
  • agricultural
Specify which inputs were subsidised To which extent Specify subsidies
seeds partly financed
If labour by land users was a substantial input, was it:
  • food-for-work

5.4 Credit

Was credit provided under the Approach for SLM activities?


6. Impact analysis and concluding statements

6.1 Impacts of the Approach

Did the Approach help land users to implement and maintain SLM Technologies?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

modified the traditional one to fit into the modern ones.

Did the Approach improve issues of land tenure/ user rights that hindered implementation of SLM Technologies?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
  • No
  • Yes, little
  • Yes, moderately
  • Yes, greatly

6.3 Sustainability of Approach activities

Can the land users sustain what has been implemented through the Approach (without external support)?
  • uncertain

6.4 Strengths/ advantages of the Approach

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
Better acess to decision making (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: By empowering)
Skill upgrading (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: more training)
FFW incentive
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
Participatory nature (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: By further empowering the local community)
Capacity builiding efforts (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: By giving more training and skill upgrading)
Awarness raising (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: By giving more training and skill upgrading)

6.5 Weaknesses/ disadvantages of the Approach and ways of overcoming them

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view How can they be overcome?
FFW orientation Gradually decreasing the food aid by increasing the productivity and self help activities

7. References and links

7.1 Methods/ sources of information

  • field visits, field surveys
  • interviews with land users

Links and modules

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