The prevention of soil sealing [Polonia]

Zapobieganie zasklepianiu gleb (Polish)

approaches_2540 - Polonia

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1. Información general

1.2 Detalles de contacto de las personas de referencia e instituciones involucradas en la evaluación y la documentación del Enfoque

Persona(s) de referencia clave/s

Especialista MST:
Nombre del proyecto que facilitó la documentación/ evaluación del Enfoque (si fuera relevante)
Preventing and Remediating degradation of soils in Europe through Land Care (EU-RECARE )
Nombre de la(s) institución(es) que facilitaron la documentación/ evaluación del Enfoque si fuera relevante)
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation (Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation) - Polonia

1.3 Condiciones referidas al uso de datos documentados mediante WOCAT

¿Cuándo se compilaron los datos (en el campo)?


El compilador y la/s persona(s) de referencia claves aceptan las condiciones acerca del uso de los datos documentados mediante WOCAT :

1.4 Referencia/s al/los Cuestionario(s) de Tecnologías MST

2. Descripción del Enfoque MST

2.1 Breve descripción del Enfoque

The prevention of soil sealing is an approach in which stakeholders are making spatial planning decisions based on the new map of soil sealing, in case of protecting the most valuable soils.

2.2 Descripción detallada del Enfoque MST

Descripción detallada del Enfoque MST:

Aims / objectives: The aim of this approach is to show how spatial planning decisions, should be made by taking into account the soil sealing problem. As the consequence of urbanization pressure, the urban sprawl is crossing municipal boundaries of Poznań. In the whole study site area, 53,3 % are arable lands, located mostly on loams, silts or sandy clay soils. Wielkopolska province has got the highest farm productivity per ha in Poland. Based on EEA data, sealed surfaces constitute 16 % of the city area. Soil sealing problem is a consequence of the urban sprawl process, which affects mainly the municipalities near by the Poznań city borders. To support decision-making in municipalities spatial planning offices, the data from the soil sealing maps is used to select the most appropriate areas to build new houses mostly on low quality soils.

Methods: Land use maps of at least 10-meter resolution are produced for two historical periods
through classification of the satellite images and using available local land use
information. The information on land use change is superimposed on maps
characterizing soil quality in order to detect to what extend the urbanization took place
on valuable soils. The new sealed area, reflecting the built up sprawl of at least last 15
years, consists with expansion of the following land use classes: continuous residential
area, commercial/industrial area and transport facilities. The soils under these new land
use types fully lost their environmental functions. In the soil sealing forecasts the
Cellular Automata-based Metronamica model is used. The final maps consist of the spatial planning aspect, soil sealing area and the scientific comment about the soil sealing problem.

2.5 País/ región/ lugares donde el Enfoque fue aplicado



Región/ Estado/ Provincia:

Poland, Wielkopolska

Especifique más el lugar :


2.7 Tipo de Enfoque

  • proyecto/ basado en un programa

2.8 Propósitos/ objetivos principales del Enfoque

The Approach focused on SLM only

The main aim of this Approach is to utilize soil agricultural maps and provide information on quality of sealed soils. Send those maps to the municipal authorities, with a scientific comment on the problem. For the whole province, these maps should be made based on the digital soil maps in scale 1:25 000.

The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: The best type of soil is being sealed by new house constructions sites. People from the city center are moving out to municipalities which are near by the border of the city. They are building their houses mostly on agricultural fields in a chaotic way, in much cases on the highest quality soils. This urban sprawl process, affects negatively the soil ecosystem services by the soil sealing and also decrease the quality of inhabitants life.

2.9 Condiciones que facilitan o impiden la implementación de la/s Tecnología/s aplicadas bajo el Enfoque

entorno institucional
  • impiden

In Poland, for every area there were made soil maps in scale 1:5000 and 1:25000. On those maps besides soil data there is also information about house areas and land use types. Most of those maps are still only in paper version, which makes it very hard to use them in spatial planning.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: We will digitize the paper version of soil maps for the municipalities, and also update the map content about the land use.

3. Participación y roles de las partes interesadas involucradas

3.1 Partes interesadas involucradas en el Enfoque y sus roles

  • especialistas MST/consejeros agrícolas
  • gobierno local
  • gobierno nacional (planificadores, autoridades)

Wielkopolska province, the Office of spatial planning in Poznań

3.2 Involucramiento de los usuarios locales de tierras/ comunidades locales en las distintas fases del Enfoque
Involucramiento de los usuarios locales de tierras/ comunidades locales Especifique quién se involucró y describa las actividades
iniciación/ motivación ninguno The project was introduced throught RECARE project
planificación interactivo Wielkopolska province, the Office of spatial planning in Poznań. They firstly had chosen in which municipalities there is the biggest soil sealing problem
implementación ninguno Wielkopolska province, the Office of spatial planning in Poznań. It is implemented in the spatial planning strategy in the Wielkopolska province.
monitoreo y evaluación auto-movilización Institute of soil science and plant cultivation in Pulawy. There is a discussion on a regular basis with the stakeholders.
Research ninguno

3.4 La toma de decisiones en la selección de Tecnología(s) MST

Especifique quién decidió la selección de las Tecnología/ Tecnologías a implementarse:
  • solo por especialistas MST

Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by by SLM specialists alone (top-down)

4. Apoyo técnico, fortalecimiento institucional y gestión del conocimiento

4.1 Construcción de capacidades / capacitación

¿Se proporcionó la capacitación a usuarios de tierras/ otras partes interesadas?

  • office workers form the Office of spatial planning

4.2 Servicio de asesoría

¿Los usuarios de tierras tienen acceso a un servicio de asesoría?

Describa/ comentarios:

Advisory service is quite adequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities

4.3 Fortalecimiento institucional (desarrollo institucional)

¿Se establecieron o fortalecieron instituciones mediante el Enfoque?
  • sí, un poco
Especifique el nivel o los niveles en los que se fortalecieron o establecieron las instituciones:
  • local
Especifique el tipo de apoyo:
  • construcción de capacidades/ entrenamiento
Proporcione detalles adicionales:

On the first workshop.

4.4 Monitoreo y evaluación

¿El monitoreo y la evaluación forman parte del Enfoque?


technical aspects were ad hoc monitored by government through observations; indicators: Advisory meetings

area treated aspects were ad hoc monitored by government through observations; indicators: only in municipalities with the highest soil sealing threat

management of Approach aspects were regular monitored by project staff through observations; indicators: advisory meetings

There were no changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation

There were no changes in the Technology as a result of monitoring and evaluation

4.5 Investigación

¿La investigación formó parte del Enfoque?

Especifique los temas:
  • tecnología
Proporcione detalles adicionales e indique quién hizo la investigación:

Research was carried out on station

5. Financiamiento y apoyo material externo

5.1 Presupuesto anual para el componente MST del Enfoque

Comentarios (ej. fuentes principales de financiamiento/ donantes principales):

Approach costs were met by the following donors: international non-government: 90.0%; local government (district, county, municipality, village etc): 10.0%

5.4 Crédito

¿Se proporcionó crédito bajo el Enfoque para actividades MST?


6. Análisis de impacto y comentarios de conclusión

6.1 Impactos del Enfoque

¿El Enfoque ayudó a los usuarios de tierras a implementar y mantener Tecnologías MST?
  • No
  • Sí, un poco
  • Sí, moderadamente
  • Sí, mucho

It had raised the awareness about the value of soil ecosystem services, and had shown how big is the scale of soil sealing. This information have started to be very useful in case of taking new spatial planning decisions by the planners.

¿El Enfoque empoderó a grupos en desventaja social y económica?
  • No
  • Sí, un poco
  • Sí, moderadamente
  • Sí, mucho

This isn't connected with the soil sealing threat

¿El Enfoque mejoró cuestiones de tenencia de tierra/ derechos de usuarios que obstaculizaron la implementación de la Tecnologías MST?
  • No
  • Sí, un poco
  • Sí, moderadamente
  • Sí, mucho
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
  • No
  • Sí, un poco
  • Sí, moderadamente
  • Sí, mucho

Our every stakeholder have adopted the Approach.

Did the Approach lead to improved livelihoods / human well-being?
  • No
  • Sí, un poco
  • Sí, moderadamente
  • Sí, mucho

This isn't connected with the soil sealing threat

Did the Approach help to alleviate poverty?
  • No
  • Sí, un poco
  • Sí, moderadamente
  • Sí, mucho

This isn't connected with the soil sealing threat

6.2 Motivación principal del usuario de la tierra para implementar MST

  • conciencia medioambiental

6.3 Sostenibilidad de las actividades del Enfoque

¿Pueden los usuarios de tierras sostener lo que se implementó mediante el Enfoque (sin apoyo externo)?
Si respondió que sí, describa cómo:

Yes, they can continue the Approach activities without support. But we are opened for cooperation/consulting if there will be a need to make some improvements in this Approach.

6.4 Fortalezas/ ventajas del Enfoque

Fuerzas/ ventajas/ oportunidades desde la perspectiva del compilador o de otra persona de referencia clave
The analysis are made base on the low scale maps : 1:5000 and 1:25000. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Update the land use information in spatial data format)

6.5 Debilidades/ desventajas del Enfoque y formas de sobreponerse a ellos

Debilidades/ desventajas/ riesgos desde la perspectiva del compilador o de otra persona de referencia clave ¿Cómo sobreponerse a ellas?
The commune authorities don't think about long therm consequences in soil loss. They don't see soil sealing as a threat. Raise the awareness about soil ecosystem services, especially about soil sealing threat. Showing them on the maps, the results of various prediction model, in which the urban sprawl will be still uncontrolled.

7. Referencias y vínculos

7.1 Métodos/ fuentes de información

  • visitas de campo, encuestas de campo
  • entrevistas con usuarios de tierras

Vínculos y módulos

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