ອົງການ ສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ໃນການຕ້ານ ການກາຍເປັນທະເລຊາຍ

A mini wetland system. [ເຊນ ລູເຊຍ]

  • ​ການ​ສ້າງ:
  • ​ປັບ​ປູງ:
  • ຜູ້ສັງລວມຂໍ້ມູນ
  • ບັນ​ນາ​ທິ​ການ
  • ຜູ້ທົບທວນຄືນ

ການລາຍງານກິດຈະການ: Saint Lucia

ການພັນລະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ຫຼື ເປັນສ່ວນໜຶ່ງຂອງສິດທິ: ບໍ່ແມ່ນ

ຄວາມສົມບູນ: 89%

ຂໍ້​ມູນ​ທົ່ວ​ໄປ

ຂໍ້​ມູນ​ທົ່ວ​ໄປ

ຫົວຂໍ້ຂອງການປະຕິບັດທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ:

A mini wetland system.

ປະເທດ:

ເຊນ ລູເຊຍ

ການລາຍງານກິດຈະການ:

Saint Lucia

ສິດທິທາງຊັບສິນ

ການພັນລະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ຫຼື ເປັນສ່ວນໜຶ່ງຂອງສິດທິ:

ບໍ່ແມ່ນ

ການຈັດປະເພດ

ການນໍາໃຊ້ດິນໃນພື້ນທີ່ ທີ່ຕັ້ງສະເພາະ

  • ພື້ນທີ່ການປູກພືດ
  • ທົ່ງຫຍ້າລ້ຽງສັດ
  • ພື້ນທີ່ປູກໄມ້
  • ດິນທີ່ບໍ່ສາມາດທໍາການຜະລິດໄດ້
  • ການຕັ້ງຖິ່ນຖານຂອງມະນຸດ

ປະກອບສ່ວນເຂົ້າໃນມາດຕະການ ຫຼຸດຜ່ອນບັນຫາດິນເຊື່ອມໂຊມ ແລະ ແຫ້ງແລ້ງ (DLDD)

  • ການຫຼຸດຜ່ອນ

ການປະກອບສ່ວນວັດຖຸປະສົງຍຸດທະສາດ

  • ເພື່ອປັບປຸງ ເງື່ອນໄຂດໍາລົງຊີວິດ ຂອງປະຊາກອນ ທີ່ຖືກກະທົບ
  • ເພື່ອປັບປຸງ ສະພາບຂອງລະບົບນິເວດ ທີ່ຖືກກະທົບ

ການເຊື່ອມໂຍງ ກັບການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດ ອື່ນໆທີ່ເຮັດໄດ້ດີ

  • ສ້າງຄວາມເຂັ້ມແຂງ ແລະ ສ້າງຄວາມຮັບຮູ້
  • DLDD ແລະ ການຕິດຕາມ ແລະ ການປະເມີນຜົນ / ການຄົ້ນຄວ້າ
  • ເງິນທຶນ ແລະ ຊັບພະຍາກອນ ການລະດົມທຶນ
  • ການມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ, ການຮ່ວມມື ແລະ ລະບົບເຄືອຂ່າຍ

ຂໍ້ມູນຈໍາເພາະ

ພາກທີ 1: ສະພາບການຂອງການປະຕິບັດ ທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ: ສະພາບການພາ (ສະພາບແວດລ້ອມທໍາມະຊາດ ແລະ ມະນຸດ)

ອະທິບາຍຫຍໍ້ເນື້ອໃນ ໃນການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ

This activity was what he called a wetland system, which entailed the construction of a concrete structure approximately 25-30 square feet in area, with a piping system used to transport sewage to the wetland. This wetland operates sort of like a soak away system but it is being used because of the geology of the area. Mr Verneuil   indicated that since the entire Aux Leon area is rock with no capacity for permeation, this wetland system may be the best solution at the moment. (See figure 1)
Figure 1

ສະຖານທີ່

Aux Leon(Fond D’Or Watershed)

ຖ້າຫາກວ່າສະຖານທີ່ໄດ້ກໍາໜົດໄວ້ຂອບເຂດຊາຍແດນ, ລະບຸການຂະຫຍາຍຂອງຕົນເປັນເຮັກຕາ:

3990.0

ການຄາດຄະເນປະຊາກອນດໍາລົງຊີວິດໃນສະຖານທີ່:

8624.0

ອະທິບາຍຫຍໍ້ ສະພາບແວດລ້ອມ ພາຍໃນພື້ນທີ່

The Fond D’Or watershed is the second largest in St. Lucia and comprises
approximately 9860 acres or 3990 hectares. Approximately 23% of the watershed
is under protection - Government Forest Reserves which are located in the upper
watershed. The Fond D’Or watershed is among the seven (7) of the 37
watersheds in St. Lucia that are an important source of water supply. The most
extensive area of natural forest is located along the northern ridge extending
from Dennery Knob towards Au Leon.

ສະພາວະທາງສັງຄົມ ແລະ ເສດຖະກິດ ຂອງຜູ້ຄົນທີ່ດໍາລົງຊີວິດ ໃນສະຖານທີ່ ແລະ / ຫຼືໃກ້ຄຽງ

While much of the land in the watershed is under private land ownership,access to land for residential and economic use remains a key development issue in particular the lands not brought under management control since the
sale of Dennery Factory (former estate acquired by government in 1979 and
• The Fond D’Or Beach area should be preserved strictly for recreation.
Unemployment in the watershed is high especially among the youth and
outside agriculture and the distributive trades; while other sectors are at the
rudimentary stage of development.With increasing population growth and settlement expansion, prime
agricultural land is lost to settlement use.|
Agriculture (cultivation and livestock) is the dominant land use activity within
the Mabouya Valley accounting for almost 777 ha or 1919 acres of land in the
middle and lower watershed areas. Close to 1,124 acres or 12% of the Fond
d’Or River basin was classified as suitable for cultivation (classes I, II and III)
and is under intensive commercial farming.|

ພາກທີ 2. ການບັນຫາການແກ້ໄຂ (ກົງ ແລະ ທາງອ້ອມສາເຫດ) ແລະ ຈຸດປະສົງຂອງການປະຕິບັດ ທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ

ບັນຫາຕົ້ນຕໍໃນການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ

The IWCAM project commissioned a study of sewage disposal systems in the Au Leon community where geology and population are factors that constrain the use of traditional septic and even pit latrines. The study revealed
that in addition to the aforementioned constraints, the inadequate water supply contributed to the poor sewage disposal practices. The use of dry ravines or bushes is the dominant method; however most expressed willingness to use improved alternatives if these are present.|

ການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດ ທີ່ດີແມ່ນແນ່ໃສ່ການແກ້ໃຂບັນຫາ ການເຊື່ອມໂຊມຂອງດິນ

This activity  called a wetland system, which entails the construction of a concrete structure approximately 25-30 square feet in area, with a piping system used to transport sewage to the wetland. This wetland operates sort of like a soak away system but it is being used because of the geology of the area.Since the entire Aux Leon area is rock with no capacity for permeation, this wetland system may be the best solution at the moment,to address ravine/river water pollution problems.
Sewage is diverted from approximately three households, using a series of PVC piping, as seen in figure 1. After construction, wild ginger is planted within the wetland to help absorb the nitrates from the sewage, thus releasing water of a much lower ecoli count into the ravine. The disparity  between the ecoli count before and after entry into the wetland system is quite significant according to Mr.Verneuil,project liason officer.|

ແຈ້ງຈຸດປະສົງ ຂອງການປະຕິບັດທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ

The primary objective of the best practice is to facilitate the improvement of the quality of waste water which is discharged into ravines,streams and rivers within the project area,to create  more favourable environmental conditions for ecosystems and people within the community.|

ພາກທີ 3. ກິດຈະກໍາ

ລາຍລະອຽດຂອງກິດຈະກໍາຕົ້ນຕໍ, ໂດຍຈຸດປະສົງ

Selection of sites to establish demonstration mini-wetland system and facilitate establishment.
Public awareness and sensitisation activities were conducted to involve and help improve on the knowledge base of community members.
Training activities were conducted to increase capacity of the members of the community,in terms of establishing the system.|

ຄໍາອະທິບາຍສັ້ນ ແລະ ຂໍ້ກໍາໜົດ ຂອງເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ

This activity  which is called a mini wetland system, which entails the construction of a concrete structure approximately 25-30 square feet in area, with a piping system used to transport sewage to the wetland. This wetland operates sort of like a soak away system but it is being used because of the geology of the area. Since the entire Aux Leon area is rock with no capacity for permeation, this wetland system may be the best solution at the moment.
Sewage is diverted from approximately three households, using a series of PVC piping, as seen in figure 1. After construction, wild ginger is planted within the wetland to help absorb the nitrates from the sewage, thus releasing water of a much lower ecoli count into the ravine. The disparity  between the ecoli count before and after entry into the wetland system is quite significant(    ) According to Mr. |
concrete structure approximately 25-30 square feet in area, with a piping system used to transport sewage to the wetland.Sewage is diverted from households, using a series of PVC piping.After construction, wild ginger is planted within the wetland to help absorb the nitrates from the sewage, thus releasing water of a much lower ecoli count into the ravine.|

ພາກທີ 4: ສະຖາບັນ / ພາກສ່ວນທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ ທີ່ມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ (ການຮ່ວມມື, ການມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ,​ ພາລະບົດບາດຂອງພາກສ່ວນທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ)

ຊື່ ແລະ ທີ່ຢູ່ຂອງສະຖາບັນການພັດທະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ


The IWCAM project;Mabouya Valley(Ministry of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries)|Castries,Saint Lucia.

ການພັດທະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ມີການຮ່ວມມືບໍ່?

ແມ່ນ

ລາຍຊື່ບັນດາຄູ່ຮ່ວມ:

Ministries of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries.|Ministry of Health|Caribbean Environmental Health Institute(CEHI)|IWCAM Project.|Fond D'or Watershed Management Committee.(FDWMC)|Community of Aux Leon|Ministry of Social Transformation.

ລະບຸ ຂົງເຂດວຽກງານໃດ ທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບການສົ່ງເສີມໃຫ້ນໍາໃຊ້ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ

  • ຄງການ / ການລິເລີ່ມໂຄງການ

ການມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ ຂອງພາກສ່ວນທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ, ປະກອບດ້ວຍ CSOs, ຜຸ້ທີ່ມີສ່ວນໃນການພັດທະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີບໍ່?

ແມ່ນ

ລາຍຊື່ພາກສ່ວນກ່ຽວຂ້ອງໃນທ້ອງຖິ່ນມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ:

The community of Au Leon|(FDWMC) Fond D’Or Watershed Management Committee

ສໍາລັບພາກສ່ວນກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ ທີ່ລະບຸໄວ້ຂ້າງເທິງ, ລະບຸ ພາລະບົດບາດ ຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າໃນການອອກແບບ, ການແນະນໍາ, ການນໍາໃຊ້ ແລະ ບໍາລຸງຮັກສາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ, ຖ້າມີ.

These stakeholders were involved in brainstorming sessions, identifying the issues involved and working on solutions to address these issues.Consultations were held and meetings and fieldtrips were convened to develop this system.Community members were trained to construct these mini systems and actually were the ones who eventually established them in the field,with supervision being provided by IWCAM project liason officer and other government agencies,ministry of Agriculture and Health.CEHI provided technical assistance in relation to water testing activities.|

ມີປະຊາກອນ ທີ່ອາໃສຢຸ່ໃນພື້ນທີ່ ແລະ ພື້ນທີ່ຢູ່ໃກ້ຄຽງ ໄດ້ເຂົ້າຮ່ວມ ໃນການພັດທະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີບໍ່?

ແມ່ນ

ໂດຍຄ່າຫຍັງ?
  • ປຶກສາຫາລື
  • ວິທີການ ແບບມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ

ການວິເຄາະ

ພາກທີ 5. ການປະກອບສ່ວນໃສ່ຜົນກະທົບ

ອະທິບາຍ ຜົນກະທົບ ທາງກົງຕໍ່ພື້ນທີ່ການຜະລິດ (2 ຜົນກະທົບຫຼັກໂດຍແບ່ງໝວດໝູ່)

The haphazard development of land, resulting from the absence of a plan framework, poor planning enforcement and squatting, has led to inefficient
and unprogessive settlements that are difficult to regularise and access, for example Au Leon.Sewage issues resulting from poor geology are also
prominen|
After construction, wild ginger is planted within the wetland to help absorb the nitrates from the sewage, thus releasing water of a much lower ecoli count into the ravine. The disparity  between the ecoli count before and after entry into the wetland system is quite significant|
Water quality, adequate supply and a functioning distribution system are
issues of grave concern to the watershed, its people and users.
Contamination of water intakes from human activity and the absence of
laws\policies to protect these critical areas are major weaknesses. |

ພັນລະນາ ຄວາມໝາຍ ຂອງຜົນກະທົບ ທາງອ້ອມ ທີ່ກະທົບໃສ່ນອກພື້ນທີ່ (ຕົວຢ່າງ, ທີ່ບໍ່ປະກົດໃນພື້ນທີ່ ແຕ່ຢູ່ອ້ອມແອ້ມພື້ນທີ່)

Because of improvement in water quality,the quality of lives of community residents is sure to improve in various respects(Recreation,Health etc.)|
Off site impacts have basically to do with improvement of the quality of water which flow within rivers and streams at the lower watershed region,which is beneficial to the rivarine ecosystems and people within the watershed.|

ຜົນກະທົບຕໍ່ຊີວະນາໆພັນ ແລະ ສະພາບການປ່ຽນແປງດິນຟ້າອາກາດ

ອະທິບາຍເຫດຜົນ:

This system, which deals with improvement of water quality flowing in rivers within the watershed,will decrease the levels of Eutrophication, which will be prove essential for the protection and wellbeing of rivarine ecosystems.|

ໄດ້ມີການວິເຄາະຕົ້ນທຶນການຜະລິດບໍ?

ໄດ້ມີການວິເຄາະຕົ້ນທຶນການຜະລິດບໍ?

ບໍ່ແມ່ນ

ພາກ 6 ການຮັບເອົາ ແລະ ການເຮັດຊໍ້າ

ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ໄດ້ເຜີຍແຜ່ / ການນໍາສະເໜີສະຖານທີ່ອື່ນໆ?

ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ໄດ້ເຜີຍແຜ່ / ການນໍາສະເໜີສະຖານທີ່ອື່ນໆ?

ບໍ່ແມ່ນ

ທ່ານສາມາດກໍານົດ 3 ເງື່ອນໄຂຫຼັກ ໃນການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ທີ່ປະສົບຜົນສໍາເລັດ ແລະ ຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດໄດ້ດີບໍ?

The actual situation which existed within the area,highlighted the very urgent need to address these problems.It was obvious to all stakeholders that something needed to be done.|
The very active Fond d'or Watershed Management Committee and cooperation of the Aux Leon Community.Both groups were very instrumental in the development and establishment of the best practice.
The introduction of the IWCAM project,with available funds.well structured and managed project with dedicated personel.|

ການເຮັດຊໍ້າ

ໃນທັດສະນະມູມມອງຂອງທ່ານ, ການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ສາມາດເອົາໄປນໍາໃຊ້ໄດ້ຢູ່ພື້ນທີ່ອື່ນໆບໍ ເຖິງວ່າມີບາງລະດັບການປັບຕົວ?

ແມ່ນ

ໃນລະດັບໃດ?
  • ທ້ອງຖິ່ນ
  • ລະຫວ່າງປະເທດ
  • ແຫ່ງຊາດ
  • ອະນຸພາກ
  • ລະດັບພາກພື້ນ

ພາກທີ 7. ບົດຮຽນທີ່ຖອດຖອນໄດ້

ທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບຊັບພະຍາກອນມະນຸດ

This system do not require a large quantity of human resources for establishment and maintenance.

ທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບລັກສະນະທາງດ້ານການເງິນ

The system do not require vast amounts of financial resources to establish and maintain.

ທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບລັກສະນະດ້ານວິຊາການ

The system is not very complicated to establish and can be replicated very easily in other areas.

ຂໍ້ມູນການເຊື່ອມຕໍ່ ແລະ ເນື້ອໃນ

ຂະຫຍາຍທັງໝົດ ຍຸບທັງໝົດ

ເນື້ອໃນ