Approaches

Afforestation/Tree planting [Uganda]

Okuhinga emiti.

approaches_2587 - Uganda

Completeness: 83%

1. Informação geral

1.2 Detalhes do contato das pessoas capacitadas e instituições envolvidas na avaliação e documentação da abordagem.

Pessoa(s)-chave

SLM specialist:
SLM specialist:

Mazimakwo Kukundakwe

Kabale District

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Mushabe Joshua

Ntungamo District

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Tugaine Richard

Ntungamo District

Uganda

SLM specialist:

Matsiko Polly

0782900819

Nshenyi, Kitwe Town Council

Uganda

Name of project which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
The Transboundary Agro-ecosystem Management Project for the Kagera River Basin (GEF-FAO / Kagera TAMP )
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Ntungamo District - Uganda
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Kabale District Local Government (Kabale District Local Government) - Uganda
Name of the institution(s) which facilitated the documentation/ evaluation of the Approach (if relevant)
Kitwe Town Council - Uganda

1.3 Condições em relação ao uso da informação documentada através de WOCAT

When were the data compiled (in the field)?

19/04/2013

The compiler and key resource person(s) accept the conditions regarding the use of data documented through WOCAT:

Sim

1.4 Referência ao(s) questionário(s) sobre tecnologias da gestão sustentável da terra

Afforestation /Tree planting
technologies

Afforestation /Tree planting [Uganda]

Pine tree forests have been strategically planted on previously bare ridges and slopes to mitigate mass soil movement.

  • Compilador/a: Wilson Bamwerinde
High-altitude afforestation for erosion control
technologies

High-altitude afforestation for erosion control [Armenia]

Afforestation is a key technologies to protect soil against erosion and provide a wide range of ecosystem services. In this case, afforestation at high altitudes, which is particularly challenging, with the primary purpose of erosion control were planted in small patches with different methods. They form the basis for future ...

  • Compilador/a: Hanns Kirchmeir

2. Descrição da abordagem de gestão sustentável da terra

2.1 Descrição curta da abordagem

Tree planting carried out by individual land users on hilly slopes to improve soil cover ,reduce wind strength , provide wood fuel & household income.

2.2 Descrição detalhada da abordagem

Descrição detalhada da abordagem:

Aims / objectives: -To conserve the degraded hill by planting trees and reduce soil erosion.
-To reduce wind strength.
-To increase sources of fuel wood.
-To diversify sources of future household income.

Methods: -Mobilization of farmer field members to participate in tree planting , to increase tree cover in the area.
-Facilitation of planning meetings for farmer field school members in identifying tree planting needs.
-Purchase and raising of tree seedlings and tree nursery beds for tree seedlings.
-Distribution of tree seedlings to willing farmer school members for planting.
-Provision of training in tree planting technologies prior to distribution.
-Tree planting and management.


Stages of implementation: -Planning of tree planting needs.
-Purchase of tree seedlings and raising of indigenous tree seedlings.
-identification of planting sites.
-capacity building in tree planting technologies.
-making of holes for planting tree seedlings.
-Making of holes for tree planting seedlings.
-Planting of tree seedlings.

Role of stakeholders: -Mobilization of farmer field school members by service providers.
-Training the beneficiary members in tree planting by service providers/facilitators.
-Provision of funds for purchase of tree seedlings by FAO under the Kagera TAMP project.

Other important information: The land users and the farmer field school members had seen tree planting activities in neighbouring areas but they had thought that such activities could only be done by government.

But through mobilization farmers have realized the importance and possibility of farmers benefiting from tree planting.

2.5 País/região/locais onde a abordagem foi aplicada

Country:

Uganda

Region/ State/ Province:

Uganda

Further specification of location:

Ntungamo

2.6 Datas de início e término da abordagem

Indique o ano de início:

2011

Ano de término (caso a abordagem não seja mais aplicada):

2015

2.7 Tipo de abordagem

  • Baseado em projeto/programa

2.8 Principais metas/objetivos da abordagem

The Approach focused mainly on SLM with other activities (Reduction of wind strength ,provision of wood fuel and contribute to household income. )

-To conserve degraded hill slopes against erosion due to overstocking.
-To reduce wind strength in the area by increasing tree cover in the area.
-To increase source of wood fuel in the area.
-To diversify the future source of household incomes in the area among the communities.

The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: -To reduce soil erosion on degraded hill slopes.
-To reduce the strength of which wind affect the area in rainy seasons.
-To increase access to wood fuel sources.
-To diversify future household income.
-To get cheap timber for staking bananas.

2.9 Condição que propiciam ou inibem a implementação de tecnologia/tecnologias aplicada(s) segundo a abordagem

Normas e valores sociais/culturais/religiosos
  • Inibitivo

Lack of initiative to undertake tree planting.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: mobilization and sensitization into farmer field school approach.

Disponibilidade/acesso a recursos e serviços financeiros
  • Inibitivo

Inadequate funds for tree seedling purchase.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Seek assistance from FAO.

Quadro jurídico (posse de terra, direitos de uso da terra e da água)
  • Propício

The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights greatly helped the approach implementation: Land user owns the land and thus did not face any resistance.

Conhecimento sobre gestão sustentável da terra, acesso a suporte técnico
  • Inibitivo

Inadequate capacity on tree planting technologies and values in tree planting.

Treatment through the SLM Approach: Mobilization and training /sensitization in tree planting benefits.

3. Participação e papel das partes interessadas envolvidas

3.1 Partes interessadas envolvidas na abordagem e seus papéis

  • Usuários de terra/comunidades locais

Farmer field school members , Facilitators

  • Especialistas em gestão sustentável da terra/consultor agrícola

Farmer field trainers

  • Organização internacional
  • Facilitators
3.2 Envolvimento do usuários de terra/comunidades locais nas diferentes fases da abordagem
Envolvimento do usuários de terra/comunidades locais Especifique quem estava envolvido e descreva as atividades
Iniciação/motivação Apoio externo The land users were mobilized by national project coordinator.
Planejamento Apoio externo The land users were mobilized and facilitated to identify their problems related to environmental degradation & priorities were made.
Implementação Automobilização Land users were responsible for tree planting.
Monitoramento/avaliação Apoio externo Project officials are to undertake M&E.
Research Nenhum

3.4 Decisão sobre a seleção de tecnologia/tecnologias

Especifique quem decidiu sobre a seleção de tecnologia/tecnologias a serem implementadas:
  • Principalmente usuários da terra, apoiados por especialistas em gestão sustentável da terra
Explique:

After mobilization and sensitization of the land users in farmer field schools ,the land users decided to under take tree planting.

Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by land users supported by SLM specialists. Land users made decision on the technology alone.

4. Suporte técnico, reforço das capacidades e gestão do conhecimento

4.1 Reforço das capacidades/formação

Foi oferecida formação aos usuários da terra/outras partes interessadas?

Sim

Especifique quem foi capacitado:
  • Usuários de terra
Tipo de formação:
  • Agricultor para agricultor
  • Áreas de demonstração

4.2 Serviço de consultoria

Os usuários de terra têm acesso a um serviço de consultoria?

Sim

Especifique se foi oferecido serviço de consultoria:
  • Em centros permanentes
Descreva/comentários:

Name of method used for advisory service: Training and awareness.; Key elements: mobilization, identification of problems related to land degradation. , Ranking of severity of land degradation types. SLM approaches were then selected by land users after analysis & synthesis of the problems.

Advisory service is inadequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; Land use needs continuous follow-up and little support provided in terms of financial & advisory.

4.3 Fortalecimento da instituição (desenvolvimento organizacional)

As instituições foram fortalecidas ou estabelecidas através da abordagem?
  • Não

4.4 Monitoramento e avaliação

Monitoramento e avaliação são partes da abordagem?

Sim

Comments:

technical aspects were regular monitored by land users through observations; indicators: Progress of tree growth.

There were few changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation

There were no changes in the Technology as a result of monitoring and evaluation

4.5 Pesquisa

A pesquisa foi parte da abordagem?

Sim

  • Baseline survey on the needs assessment.
Dê mais detalhes e indique quem realizou a pesquisa:

Trainers of farmer field schools mobilized farmer field school land users ,who identified their problems and how they can be solved.

Research was carried out on-farm

5. Financiamento e apoio material externo

5.1 Orçamento anual para o componente de gestão sustentável da terra da abordagem

Caso o orçamento exato seja desconhecido, indique a faixa:
  • < 2.000
Comentários (p. ex. principais fontes de recursos/principais doadores):

Approach costs were met by the following donors: international (FAO): 70.0%; local community / land user(s) (mobilization,facilitation of meals during trainings.etc): 30.0%

5.2 Apoio financeiro/material concedido aos usuários da terra

Os usuários da terra receberam apoio financeiro/material para a implementação de tecnologia/tecnologias?

Sim

5.3 Subsídios para entradas específicas (incluindo mão-de-obra)

  • Equipamento
Especifique quais entradas foram subsidiadas Em que medida Especifique os subsídios
Ferramentas Parcialmente financiado
  • Agrícola
Especifique quais entradas foram subsidiadas Em que medida Especifique os subsídios
Fertilizantes Parcialmente financiado
Se a mão-de-obra pelos usuários da terra foi uma entrada substancial, isso foi:
  • Comida por trabalho
Comments:

Food for work, paid in cash and rewarded with other material support
Shs 5000 each person per day.

most funds provided by FAO and small proportion by land users.

5.4 Crédito

Foi concedido crédito segundo a abordagem para atividades de gestão sustentável da terra?

Não

6. Análise de impactos e declarações finais

6.1 Impactos da abordagem

A abordagem auxiliou os usuários da terra a implementar e manter as tecnologias de gestão sustentável da terra?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

-Retardation of soil erosion. -Provision of soil cover.

A abordagem concedeu autonomia aos grupos social e economicamente desfavorecidos?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

No disadvantaged group involved.

Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

2 to 7 land users adopted the approach towards tree planting.

Did the Approach lead to improved livelihoods / human well-being?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente
Did the Approach help to alleviate poverty?
  • Não
  • Sim, pouco
  • Sim, moderadamente
  • Sim, significativamente

The trees have not yet matured for harvesting.

6.2 Principal motivação dos usuários da terra para implementar a gestão sustentável da terra

  • Produção aumentada
  • Lucro (lucrabilidade) aumentado, melhora da relação custo-benefício

generate income.

  • normas e regulamentos (multas)/aplicação

generate income.

  • Consciência ambiental

conserve the environment

  • well-being and livelihoods improvement

6.3 Atividades de sustentabilidade de abordagem

Os usuários da terra podem manter o que foi implementado através da abordagem (sem apoio externo)?
  • Sim

6.4 Pontos fortes/vantagens da abordagem

Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the land user’s view
1. Green environment (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees. )
2. Reduce global warming (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees for carbon absorption.)
3. Cool environment (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees on the bare hills.)
4. Increase productivity. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Better monitoring and evaluation. )
Strengths/ advantages/ opportunities in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view
1. Control of soil erosion. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees. )
2.Improved soil cover. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees. )
3. Reduction of wind speed. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees in wind prone areas.)
4. Increase wood fuel in future.

6.5 Pontos fracos, desvantagens da tecnologia e formas de superá-los

Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the land user’s view How can they be overcome?
1. It is costly. Subsidize land users.
2. Long term returns. Plant some quick maturing trees.
Weaknesses/ disadvantages/ risks in the compiler’s or other key resource person’s view How can they be overcome?
1. It is costly to plant trees. Provide subsides to land users who are practicing the technology.

7. Referências e links

7.1 Métodos/fontes de informação

  • field visits, field surveys
  • interviews with land users

7.2 Referências às publicações disponíveis

Title, author, year, ISBN:

1. Managemenrt plan for sawlog production ,Project proposal by Tibesigwa Mukasa,2006.

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