Nshenyi, Kitwe Town Council
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的项目名称（如相关）The Transboundary Agro-ecosystem Management Project for the Kagera River Basin (GEF-FAO / Kagera TAMP )
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Ntungamo District - 乌干达
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Kabale District Local Government (Kabale District Local Government) - 乌干达
有助于对方法进行记录/评估的机构名称（如相关）Kitwe Town Council - 乌干达
Tree planting carried out by individual land users on hilly slopes to improve soil cover ,reduce wind strength , provide wood fuel & household income.
Aims / objectives: -To conserve the degraded hill by planting trees and reduce soil erosion.
-To reduce wind strength.
-To increase sources of fuel wood.
-To diversify sources of future household income.
Methods: -Mobilization of farmer field members to participate in tree planting , to increase tree cover in the area.
-Facilitation of planning meetings for farmer field school members in identifying tree planting needs.
-Purchase and raising of tree seedlings and tree nursery beds for tree seedlings.
-Distribution of tree seedlings to willing farmer school members for planting.
-Provision of training in tree planting technologies prior to distribution.
-Tree planting and management.
Stages of implementation: -Planning of tree planting needs.
-Purchase of tree seedlings and raising of indigenous tree seedlings.
-identification of planting sites.
-capacity building in tree planting technologies.
-making of holes for planting tree seedlings.
-Making of holes for tree planting seedlings.
-Planting of tree seedlings.
Role of stakeholders: -Mobilization of farmer field school members by service providers.
-Training the beneficiary members in tree planting by service providers/facilitators.
-Provision of funds for purchase of tree seedlings by FAO under the Kagera TAMP project.
Other important information: The land users and the farmer field school members had seen tree planting activities in neighbouring areas but they had thought that such activities could only be done by government.
But through mobilization farmers have realized the importance and possibility of farmers benefiting from tree planting.
The Approach focused mainly on SLM with other activities (Reduction of wind strength ,provision of wood fuel and contribute to household income. )
-To conserve degraded hill slopes against erosion due to overstocking.
-To reduce wind strength in the area by increasing tree cover in the area.
-To increase source of wood fuel in the area.
-To diversify the future source of household incomes in the area among the communities.
The SLM Approach addressed the following problems: -To reduce soil erosion on degraded hill slopes.
-To reduce the strength of which wind affect the area in rainy seasons.
-To increase access to wood fuel sources.
-To diversify future household income.
-To get cheap timber for staking bananas.
Lack of initiative to undertake tree planting.
Treatment through the SLM Approach: mobilization and sensitization into farmer field school approach.
Inadequate funds for tree seedling purchase.
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Seek assistance from FAO.
The existing land ownership, land use rights / water rights greatly helped the approach implementation: Land user owns the land and thus did not face any resistance.
Inadequate capacity on tree planting technologies and values in tree planting.
Treatment through the SLM Approach: Mobilization and training /sensitization in tree planting benefits.
Farmer field school members , Facilitators
Farmer field trainers
|启动/动机||外部支持||The land users were mobilized by national project coordinator.|
|计划||外部支持||The land users were mobilized and facilitated to identify their problems related to environmental degradation & priorities were made.|
|实施||自我动员||Land users were responsible for tree planting.|
|监测/评估||外部支持||Project officials are to undertake M&E.|
After mobilization and sensitization of the land users in farmer field schools ,the land users decided to under take tree planting.
Decisions on the method of implementing the SLM Technology were made by mainly by land users supported by SLM specialists. Land users made decision on the technology alone.
Name of method used for advisory service: Training and awareness.; Key elements: mobilization, identification of problems related to land degradation. , Ranking of severity of land degradation types. SLM approaches were then selected by land users after analysis & synthesis of the problems.
Advisory service is inadequate to ensure the continuation of land conservation activities; Land use needs continuous follow-up and little support provided in terms of financial & advisory.
technical aspects were regular monitored by land users through observations; indicators: Progress of tree growth.
There were few changes in the Approach as a result of monitoring and evaluation
There were no changes in the Technology as a result of monitoring and evaluation
- Baseline survey on the needs assessment.
Trainers of farmer field schools mobilized farmer field school land users ,who identified their problems and how they can be solved.
Research was carried out on-farm
- < 2,000
Approach costs were met by the following donors: international (FAO): 70.0%; local community / land user(s) (mobilization,facilitation of meals during trainings.etc): 30.0%
Food for work, paid in cash and rewarded with other material support
Shs 5000 each person per day.
most funds provided by FAO and small proportion by land users.
-Retardation of soil erosion. -Provision of soil cover.
No disadvantaged group involved.
Did other land users / projects adopt the Approach?
2 to 7 land users adopted the approach towards tree planting.
Did the Approach lead to improved livelihoods / human well-being?
Did the Approach help to alleviate poverty?
The trees have not yet matured for harvesting.
conserve the environment
- well-being and livelihoods improvement
|1. Green environment (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees. )|
|2. Reduce global warming (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees for carbon absorption.)|
|3. Cool environment (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees on the bare hills.)|
|4. Increase productivity. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Better monitoring and evaluation. )|
|1. Control of soil erosion. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees. )|
|2.Improved soil cover. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees. )|
|3. Reduction of wind speed. (How to sustain/ enhance this strength: Plant more trees in wind prone areas.)|
|4. Increase wood fuel in future.|
|1. It is costly.||Subsidize land users.|
|2. Long term returns.||Plant some quick maturing trees.|
|1. It is costly to plant trees.||Provide subsides to land users who are practicing the technology.|
1. Managemenrt plan for sawlog production ,Project proposal by Tibesigwa Mukasa,2006.