Proclamation of the protected area in Albania_ Prespa National Park. Decision of the Council of Ministers No. 80, date 18.02.1999| [Albania]

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Reporting Entity: Albania

Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights: No

Completeness: 86%

General Information

General Information

Title of best practice:

Proclamation of the protected area in Albania_ Prespa National Park. Decision of the Council of Ministers No. 80, date 18.02.1999|



Reporting Entity:


Property Rights

Clarify if the technology described in the template, or a part of it, is covered by property rights:



Prevailing land use in the specified location

  • Cropland
  • Grazing land
  • Woodland
  • Other (please specify)


Contribution to Desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) measures

  • Prevention
  • Rehabilitation


Section 1. Context of the best practice: frame conditions (natural and human environment)

Short description of the best practice

The best practice in the Prespa Park is considered the protection of the area from degradation. By proclaiming the area as national park ,logging has been banned , . the livestock have been changed in terms of the races of animals. People changed gradualy the livestock from goat to caw. And they also have reduced grazing . Actualy there is a good situation of forestry and habitats. Forests have been regenerated and land has been covered againg with vegetation. |


The Prespa National Park is located in Korca Region

If the location has well defined boundaries, specify its extension in hectares:


Estimated population living in the location:


Brief description of the natural environment within the specified location.

Soil in Prespa park is considered in a good conditions. used for agriculture and garzing purposes, by the local copmunity. in some areas there are problems regarding erosion.|
The topography of Prespa park is mainyly hilly and mountinues areas. The area is situated at an altitude of 850 m above sea level. The highest peaks of the surrounding mountains reach about 2,600 m above sea level.|
The climate of the Prespa region is subject to Mediterranean and continental influences and may be characterised as continental-central European. It is characterised by winters with long periods of high rainfall, snow and low temperatures and warm but moderate summers. Mean monthly temperatures in the Prespa region average 9-10° C. The average annual rainfall is approximately 647 mm.|

Prevailing socio-economic conditions of those living in the location and/or nearby

The average incomes in Prespa park is aproximatly 700 USD per capita.
The property is private, expet forestry which are mostly state owned property. |
The main income source is agriculture ,  livestock and fishery.  |

On the basis of which criteria and/or indicator(s) (not related to The Strategy) the proposed practice and corresponding technology has been considered as 'best'?

Prespa Park is considered as best practice due to the legal measures taken by proclaiming it as national park, in combination with the measures in practice such as sustainable land use management, development of sustainable agricultural and launching of reforestation/afforestation programmes.  

Section 2. Problems addressed (direct and indirect causes) and objectives of the best practice

Main problems addressed by the best practice

The main problems before procaliming as national park was deforestration. Tens hactares every years have cut legaly and ilegaly. Grazing was also an activity which had degraded several hactares of land and forests in this area.

Outline specific land degradation problems addressed by the best practice

After proclamation of the Prespa Park,   stoping deforestration and controlling grazing were the two most important problems which were addressed by the legal measure.The logging was stoped and programe on aforestration were introduced. Also people were induced to change the livestock.|

Specify the objectives of the best practice

The main objective of the proclamation of the Prespa National park were the protection of the forests and habitats especially protection of important components of natural reserves, of biodiversity and the natural, as a whole.

Section 3. Activities

Brief description of main activities, by objective

in cooperation of local comunity garzing was reduced and the livestock was changed from goat to caw.
Several enforcement measures were undertaken by the administration of the national park. Planned loging was stoped and ilegal loging was reduced year by year.
Aforestration programs were introduced by the Directorate of Forestry service of Korca  district, especially in most degraded areas.|

Short description and technical specifications of the technology

In this area there was no any specific technolgy was applied. The most important measures was the legal status and the law enforcement.Aforestration and sustainable agriculture and livestock were applied  
no specific technology

Section 4. Institutions/actors involved (collaboration, participation, role of stakeholders)

Name and address of the institution developing the technology

The Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Water Adminisration|Rruga e Durresit, 27 Tirana, Albania

Was the technology developed in partnership?


List the partners:

The Ministry of Environment, Forestry and water Adminisration, the Directorate of Forestry Service in Korca, Administration of Prespa Park  and the local comunity in Prespa Area.|

Specify the framework within which the technology was promoted

  • National initiative – government-led

Was the participation of local stakeholders, including CSOs, fostered in the development of the technology?


List local stakeholders involved:

Commune Liqenas,Regional Council of Korca, Directorate of Agriculture in Korca, etc. Preservation and Protection of Nature Environment in Albania -PPNEA and  Cross-border nature association (NGOs)|

For the stakeholders listed above, specify their role in the design, introduction, use and maintenance of the technology, if any.

all the stakholders played an important role in the proclamation and maintanace of the National park-Prespa. They are influencing on forest habitats preservation and on agriculture practices. They are also cooperating with local comunity on elaboration of development plans in the area and law enforcement.

Was the population living in the location and/or nearby involved in the development of the technology?


By means of what?
  • Consultation
  • Participatory approaches


Section 5. Contribution to impact

Describe on-site impacts (the major two impacts by category)

fauna habitats are improved
traditional market is regenerated
Forest habitat restoration and protection. the forest is regenerated and the area is more attractive to tourist and visitors.
Good environmental conditions
good landscape
More understading on nature habiatats and agricuture.The people living there are having more oportunities on agriculture and services

Describe the major two off-site (i.e. not occurring in the location but in the surrounding areas) impacts

The positive impact is also in the neighbouring countries such as Greece and FYR Macedonia . based on that a trilateral agreement is sighned among three countries for protection and sustainable management of this area.
The positive impact is on the lake Prespa as an important habitat for endemic species.The erosion is declined and the  area is listed as  area for tourist atraction  

Impact on biodiversity and climate change

Explain the reasons:

The best practice will also impact positively for climate change adaptation. Improved habitats will create conditions for species to adapt the climate changes.
We think that forest protection and aforestration are the  important element for climate change mitigation. Species that will be affected by climate change will be located in this impoved habitats. The habitat will have a positive impact for the microclimate of the area.
The proclamation of prespa as national park impact positively on biodiversity conservation. as we have described in the previews sectionthe forest habitats are regenerated. before proclamation more than 20000m3 fuelwood has been cut and removed form the area. after proclamation this amaount is not allowed any more so for 10 years forest have been improved. Endemic species, medicinal plants,  wild fauna and aquatic biodiversity is being regenerated  and well preserved.  |

Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?

Has a cost-benefit analysis been carried out?


Section 6. Adoption and replicability

Was the technology disseminated/introduced to other locations?

Was the technology disseminated/introduced to other locations?




Can you identify the three main conditions that led to the success of the presented best practice/technology?

The area have been received investements form different sources.
The farmers were very cooperative on forest protection and improving the livestock which imacted positivley to grazing.
The first condition was the legal status approved by the Government which was based on the understanding of different ministries and local comunities.


In your opinion, the best practice/technology you have proposed can be replicated, although with some level of adaptation, elsewhere?


At which level?
  • National
  • Regional
  • International

Section 7. Lessons learned

Related to human resources

The staff in charge of protected area has been motivated to work on the area. They have been working activly to follow the duties of the lagl act which was given to the area after proclamation as national park.

Related to financial aspects

We think that the incomes generated to the area has been increased due to the increas number of visitors. Service activities have been developed due to improved landscape and habitats

Related to technical aspects

Some lessons learned are related to the proccess of forestration and aforestration

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