ອົງການ ສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ໃນການຕ້ານ ການກາຍເປັນທະເລຊາຍ

Proclamation of the protected area in Albania_ Prespa National Park. Decision of the Council of Ministers No. 80, date 18.02.1999| [ອໍບານເນຍ]

  • ​ການ​ສ້າງ:
  • ​ປັບ​ປູງ:
  • ຜູ້ສັງລວມຂໍ້ມູນ
  • ບັນ​ນາ​ທິ​ການ
  • Reviewer:

ການລາຍງານກິດຈະການ: Albania

ການພັນລະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ຫຼື ເປັນສ່ວນໜຶ່ງຂອງສິດທິ: ບໍ່ແມ່ນ

ຄວາມສົມບູນ: 86%

ຂໍ້​ມູນ​ທົ່ວ​ໄປ

ຂໍ້​ມູນ​ທົ່ວ​ໄປ

ຫົວຂໍ້ຂອງການປະຕິບັດທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ:

Proclamation of the protected area in Albania_ Prespa National Park. Decision of the Council of Ministers No. 80, date 18.02.1999|

ປະເທດ:

ອໍບານເນຍ

ການລາຍງານກິດຈະການ:

Albania

ສິດທິທາງຊັບສິນ

ການພັນລະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ຫຼື ເປັນສ່ວນໜຶ່ງຂອງສິດທິ:

ບໍ່ແມ່ນ

ການຈັດປະເພດ

ການນໍາໃຊ້ດິນໃນພື້ນທີ່ ທີ່ຕັ້ງສະເພາະ

  • ພື້ນທີ່ການປູກພືດ
  • ທົ່ງຫຍ້າລ້ຽງສັດ
  • ພື້ນທີ່ປູກໄມ້
  • ອື່ນ ໆ (ກະ​ລຸ​ນາ​ລະ​ບຸ​)
ລະບຸ:

Fishery

ປະກອບສ່ວນເຂົ້າໃນມາດຕະການ ຫຼຸດຜ່ອນບັນຫາດິນເຊື່ອມໂຊມ ແລະ ແຫ້ງແລ້ງ (DLDD)

  • ການປ້ອງກັນ
  • ການຟື້ນຟູ

ຂໍ້ມູນຈໍາເພາະ

ພາກທີ 1: ສະພາບການຂອງການປະຕິບັດ ທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ: ສະພາບການພາ (ສະພາບແວດລ້ອມທໍາມະຊາດ ແລະ ມະນຸດ)

ອະທິບາຍຫຍໍ້ເນື້ອໃນ ໃນການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ

The best practice in the Prespa Park is considered the protection of the area from degradation. By proclaiming the area as national park ,logging has been banned , . the livestock have been changed in terms of the races of animals. People changed gradualy the livestock from goat to caw. And they also have reduced grazing . Actualy there is a good situation of forestry and habitats. Forests have been regenerated and land has been covered againg with vegetation. |

ສະຖານທີ່

The Prespa National Park is located in Korca Region

ຖ້າຫາກວ່າສະຖານທີ່ໄດ້ກໍາໜົດໄວ້ຂອບເຂດຊາຍແດນ, ລະບຸການຂະຫຍາຍຂອງຕົນເປັນເຮັກຕາ:

27750.0

ການຄາດຄະເນປະຊາກອນດໍາລົງຊີວິດໃນສະຖານທີ່:

10000.0

ອະທິບາຍຫຍໍ້ ສະພາບແວດລ້ອມ ພາຍໃນພື້ນທີ່

Soil in Prespa park is considered in a good conditions. used for agriculture and garzing purposes, by the local copmunity. in some areas there are problems regarding erosion.|
The topography of Prespa park is mainyly hilly and mountinues areas. The area is situated at an altitude of 850 m above sea level. The highest peaks of the surrounding mountains reach about 2,600 m above sea level.|
The climate of the Prespa region is subject to Mediterranean and continental influences and may be characterised as continental-central European. It is characterised by winters with long periods of high rainfall, snow and low temperatures and warm but moderate summers. Mean monthly temperatures in the Prespa region average 9-10° C. The average annual rainfall is approximately 647 mm.|

ສະພາວະທາງສັງຄົມ ແລະ ເສດຖະກິດ ຂອງຜູ້ຄົນທີ່ດໍາລົງຊີວິດ ໃນສະຖານທີ່ ແລະ / ຫຼືໃກ້ຄຽງ

The average incomes in Prespa park is aproximatly 700 USD per capita.
The property is private, expet forestry which are mostly state owned property. |
The main income source is agriculture ,  livestock and fishery.  |

ບົນພື້ນຖານປະເພດ ແລະ ຕົວຊີ້ວັດ (ຫຼາຍ) ອັນໃດ (ບໍ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບຍຸດທະສາດ) ຊຶ່ງຈຸດປະສົງ ໃນການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດ ນໍາໃຊ້ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບການພິຈາລະນາ ວ່າເປັນການຈັດຕັ້ງທີ່ "ດີທີ່ສູດ"?

Prespa Park is considered as best practice due to the legal measures taken by proclaiming it as national park, in combination with the measures in practice such as sustainable land use management, development of sustainable agricultural and launching of reforestation/afforestation programmes.  

ພາກທີ 2. ການບັນຫາການແກ້ໄຂ (ກົງ ແລະ ທາງອ້ອມສາເຫດ) ແລະ ຈຸດປະສົງຂອງການປະຕິບັດ ທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ

ບັນຫາຕົ້ນຕໍໃນການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ

The main problems before procaliming as national park was deforestration. Tens hactares every years have cut legaly and ilegaly. Grazing was also an activity which had degraded several hactares of land and forests in this area.

ການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດ ທີ່ດີແມ່ນແນ່ໃສ່ການແກ້ໃຂບັນຫາ ການເຊື່ອມໂຊມຂອງດິນ

After proclamation of the Prespa Park,   stoping deforestration and controlling grazing were the two most important problems which were addressed by the legal measure.The logging was stoped and programe on aforestration were introduced. Also people were induced to change the livestock.|

ແຈ້ງຈຸດປະສົງ ຂອງການປະຕິບັດທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ

The main objective of the proclamation of the Prespa National park were the protection of the forests and habitats especially protection of important components of natural reserves, of biodiversity and the natural, as a whole.

ພາກທີ 3. ກິດຈະກໍາ

ລາຍລະອຽດຂອງກິດຈະກໍາຕົ້ນຕໍ, ໂດຍຈຸດປະສົງ

in cooperation of local comunity garzing was reduced and the livestock was changed from goat to caw.
Several enforcement measures were undertaken by the administration of the national park. Planned loging was stoped and ilegal loging was reduced year by year.
Aforestration programs were introduced by the Directorate of Forestry service of Korca  district, especially in most degraded areas.|

ຄໍາອະທິບາຍສັ້ນ ແລະ ຂໍ້ກໍາໜົດ ຂອງເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ

In this area there was no any specific technolgy was applied. The most important measures was the legal status and the law enforcement.Aforestration and sustainable agriculture and livestock were applied  
no specific technology

ພາກທີ 4: ສະຖາບັນ / ພາກສ່ວນທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ ທີ່ມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ (ການຮ່ວມມື, ການມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ,​ ພາລະບົດບາດຂອງພາກສ່ວນທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ)

ຊື່ ແລະ ທີ່ຢູ່ຂອງສະຖາບັນການພັດທະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ


The Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Water Adminisration|Rruga e Durresit, 27 Tirana, Albania

ການພັດທະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ມີການຮ່ວມມືບໍ່?

ແມ່ນ

ລາຍຊື່ບັນດາຄູ່ຮ່ວມ:

The Ministry of Environment, Forestry and water Adminisration, the Directorate of Forestry Service in Korca, Administration of Prespa Park  and the local comunity in Prespa Area.|

ລະບຸ ຂົງເຂດວຽກງານໃດ ທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບການສົ່ງເສີມໃຫ້ນໍາໃຊ້ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ

  • ການລິເລີ່ມແຫ່ງຊາດ - ລັດຖະບານ, ການນໍາພາ

ການມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ ຂອງພາກສ່ວນທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ, ປະກອບດ້ວຍ CSOs, ຜຸ້ທີ່ມີສ່ວນໃນການພັດທະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີບໍ່?

ແມ່ນ

ລາຍຊື່ພາກສ່ວນກ່ຽວຂ້ອງໃນທ້ອງຖິ່ນມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ:

Commune Liqenas,Regional Council of Korca, Directorate of Agriculture in Korca, etc. Preservation and Protection of Nature Environment in Albania -PPNEA and  Cross-border nature association (NGOs)|

ສໍາລັບພາກສ່ວນກ່ຽວຂ້ອງ ທີ່ລະບຸໄວ້ຂ້າງເທິງ, ລະບຸ ພາລະບົດບາດ ຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າໃນການອອກແບບ, ການແນະນໍາ, ການນໍາໃຊ້ ແລະ ບໍາລຸງຮັກສາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ, ຖ້າມີ.

all the stakholders played an important role in the proclamation and maintanace of the National park-Prespa. They are influencing on forest habitats preservation and on agriculture practices. They are also cooperating with local comunity on elaboration of development plans in the area and law enforcement.

ມີປະຊາກອນ ທີ່ອາໃສຢຸ່ໃນພື້ນທີ່ ແລະ ພື້ນທີ່ຢູ່ໃກ້ຄຽງ ໄດ້ເຂົ້າຮ່ວມ ໃນການພັດທະນາ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີບໍ່?

ແມ່ນ

ໂດຍຄ່າຫຍັງ?
  • ປຶກສາຫາລື
  • ວິທີການ ແບບມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ

ການວິເຄາະ

ພາກທີ 5. ການປະກອບສ່ວນໃສ່ຜົນກະທົບ

ອະທິບາຍ ຜົນກະທົບ ທາງກົງຕໍ່ພື້ນທີ່ການຜະລິດ (2 ຜົນກະທົບຫຼັກໂດຍແບ່ງໝວດໝູ່)

fauna habitats are improved
traditional market is regenerated
Forest habitat restoration and protection. the forest is regenerated and the area is more attractive to tourist and visitors.
Good environmental conditions
good landscape
More understading on nature habiatats and agricuture.The people living there are having more oportunities on agriculture and services

ພັນລະນາ ຄວາມໝາຍ ຂອງຜົນກະທົບ ທາງອ້ອມ ທີ່ກະທົບໃສ່ນອກພື້ນທີ່ (ຕົວຢ່າງ, ທີ່ບໍ່ປະກົດໃນພື້ນທີ່ ແຕ່ຢູ່ອ້ອມແອ້ມພື້ນທີ່)

The positive impact is also in the neighbouring countries such as Greece and FYR Macedonia . based on that a trilateral agreement is sighned among three countries for protection and sustainable management of this area.
The positive impact is on the lake Prespa as an important habitat for endemic species.The erosion is declined and the  area is listed as  area for tourist atraction  

ຜົນກະທົບຕໍ່ຊີວະນາໆພັນ ແລະ ສະພາບການປ່ຽນແປງດິນຟ້າອາກາດ

ອະທິບາຍເຫດຜົນ:

The best practice will also impact positively for climate change adaptation. Improved habitats will create conditions for species to adapt the climate changes.
We think that forest protection and aforestration are the  important element for climate change mitigation. Species that will be affected by climate change will be located in this impoved habitats. The habitat will have a positive impact for the microclimate of the area.
The proclamation of prespa as national park impact positively on biodiversity conservation. as we have described in the previews sectionthe forest habitats are regenerated. before proclamation more than 20000m3 fuelwood has been cut and removed form the area. after proclamation this amaount is not allowed any more so for 10 years forest have been improved. Endemic species, medicinal plants,  wild fauna and aquatic biodiversity is being regenerated  and well preserved.  |

ໄດ້ມີການວິເຄາະຕົ້ນທຶນການຜະລິດບໍ?

ໄດ້ມີການວິເຄາະຕົ້ນທຶນການຜະລິດບໍ?

ບໍ່ແມ່ນ

ພາກ 6 ການຮັບເອົາ ແລະ ການເຮັດຊໍ້າ

ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ໄດ້ເຜີຍແຜ່ / ການນໍາສະເໜີສະຖານທີ່ອື່ນໆ?

ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ໄດ້ເຜີຍແຜ່ / ການນໍາສະເໜີສະຖານທີ່ອື່ນໆ?

ແມ່ນ

ຢູ່ໃສ?

Tirana|Lushnja|Librazhd|Permet

ທ່ານສາມາດກໍານົດ 3 ເງື່ອນໄຂຫຼັກ ໃນການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ທີ່ປະສົບຜົນສໍາເລັດ ແລະ ຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດໄດ້ດີບໍ?

The area have been received investements form different sources.
The farmers were very cooperative on forest protection and improving the livestock which imacted positivley to grazing.
The first condition was the legal status approved by the Government which was based on the understanding of different ministries and local comunities.

ການເຮັດຊໍ້າ

ໃນທັດສະນະມູມມອງຂອງທ່ານ, ການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິບັດ ເຕັກໂນໂລຢີ ສາມາດເອົາໄປນໍາໃຊ້ໄດ້ຢູ່ພື້ນທີ່ອື່ນໆບໍ ເຖິງວ່າມີບາງລະດັບການປັບຕົວ?

ແມ່ນ

ໃນລະດັບໃດ?
  • ແຫ່ງຊາດ
  • ລະດັບພາກພື້ນ
  • ສາກົນ

ພາກທີ 7. ບົດຮຽນທີ່ຖອດຖອນໄດ້

ທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບຊັບພະຍາກອນມະນຸດ

The staff in charge of protected area has been motivated to work on the area. They have been working activly to follow the duties of the lagl act which was given to the area after proclamation as national park.

ທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບລັກສະນະທາງດ້ານການເງິນ

We think that the incomes generated to the area has been increased due to the increas number of visitors. Service activities have been developed due to improved landscape and habitats

ທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບລັກສະນະດ້ານວິຊາການ

Some lessons learned are related to the proccess of forestration and aforestration

ຂໍ້ມູນການເຊື່ອມຕໍ່ ແລະ ເນື້ອໃນ

ຂະຫຍາຍທັງໝົດ ຍຸບທັງໝົດ

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