UNCCD

Sustainable Land Management in Nangarparkar by mobilizing communities [Pakistan]

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Entité concernée: Society for Conservation & Protection of Environment

Précisez si la technologie indiquée dans le modèle, ou une partie de cette technologie, est protégée par des droits de propriété intellectuelle: Oui

Commentaires: SCOPE Pakistan

État complet: 74%

Informations générales

Informations générales

Titre des bonnes pratiques:

Sustainable Land Management in Nangarparkar by mobilizing communities

Pays:

Pakistan

Entité concernée:

Society for Conservation & Protection of Environment

Droits de propriété intellectuelle

Précisez si la technologie indiquée dans le modèle, ou une partie de cette technologie, est protégée par des droits de propriété intellectuelle:

Oui

Veuillez fournir des informations sur le détenteur des droits:

SCOPE Pakistan

Classification

Utilisation courante des terres sur le site

  • Cultures
  • Pâturages
  • Terrains forestiers
  • Terres improductives
  • Habitat humain
Précisez:

range land, sparse forest, thorny bushes, hilly

Contribution aux mesures de la DDTS

  • Prévention
  • Atténuation
  • Adaptation
  • Réhabilitation

Contribution aux objectifs stratégiques

  • Améliorer les conditions de vie des populations touchées
  • Améliorer les conditions des écosystèmes touchés
  • Générer des bénéfices à l’échelle mondiale grâce à une mise en œuvre efficace de la Convention

Liens avec les autres thèmes relatifs aux meilleures pratiques

  • Renforcement des capacités et sensibilisation
  • Suivi et évaluation/recherche de la gestion durable des terres et de la DDTS
  • Gestion des connaissances et soutien des décisions
  • Participation, collaboration et réseautage

Spécifications

Section 1. Contexte de la meilleure pratique : conditions du cadre (environnement naturel et humain)

Brève description de la meilleure pratique

Nangarparkar, Tharparkar is a fragile arid and semiarid ecosystem which is subjected to desertification due to frequent droughts, pressure on natural vegetative cover due to exploitation by human and livestock (for fodder, timber, firewood, gum resin, medicinal herbs extraction etc.) and limited water resources. Desertification threatened livelihood of about 1.3 million inhabitants and 5 million livestock.
The major causes of desertification are felling of trees and removal of vegetative cover in the result of deforestation and overgrazing. Destruction of Camiphora mukal (gum yielding shrub), by tukka (chemical cut) method, is a major cause of desertification and land degradation here, particularly in Nagarparkar area which is rich in this shrub.
The project aimed at reducing pressure on land and forest resources which is caused by illegal tree chopping, and destruction of natural plantations of guglan (Camiphora mukal) for gum resin extraction. SCOPE organized local communities and other stakeholders to resist illegal gum extraction, which was causing elimination of vegetation

Site

Nangarparkar is an ecologically sensitive area in District Tharparkar in the South East of Pakistan along with India-Pakistan boarder. Tharparkar District is a fragile arid ecosystem in southeast of Pakistan, spread over 19,000 sq. Km, hosting 1 million people and 4 million livestock|

Si le lieu a des limites clairement définies, spécifier son extension en hectare:

50000.0

Estimation de la population vivant sur le site:

30000.0

Brève description de l’environnement naturel du site

The soils are generally infertile and because of severe wind erosion are overblown with sand.
hilly terrain
he desert vegetation is mostly herbaceous, or of stunted scrub; trees occasionally dot the landscape. The grasses form the main natural resources of the desert and provide nutritive and palatable pasturage. Human and natural induced causes such as deforestation and drought are main causes of land degradation or desertification.  Wind and water erosion are furthering this process. Massive scale illegal, wildlife present with some threatened species|

Conditions socio-économiques dominantes des personnes vivant sur ou à proximité du site

some land is private, while most of the land belongs to state i.e. forest department, local people get the cultivated land on 1 year lease for cultivtion purposes|
livestock, subsistence farming|
People live below poverty line, mostly pastoralists and subsistence farmers |

Sur la base de quel critère/indicateur(s) (sans relation avec la stratégie) la pratique proposée et technologie correspondante ont-elles été considérées comme « meilleures »?

Simply because project was able to motivate and mobilize local people to resist against destruction of camiphora mukal shrub. The local youth were organized in the form of Green Guards, who were trained in natural resources management, rangeland management and combating desertification. |

Section 2. Problèmes abordés (causes directes et indirectes) et objectifs de la meilleure pratique

Principaux problèmes abordés par la meilleure pratique

- community was disorganized and involved in indiscriminate gum extraction which was eliminating camiphora mukal
vegetation
- the influential people were backing this gum extraction by making a lot of money by selling the gum in wholesale market
- trees were also chopped down, wildlife was hunted and poached |

Décrivez les principaux problèmes liés à la dégradation des terres abordés par la meilleure pratique

- deforestation

Précisez les objectifs de la meilleure pratique

a.Motivate, organize  and enable local community organizations for sustainable land management (SLM), in order to combat desertification
b.Immediate halt of deforestation and organized destruction of guglan (Camiphora mukal) shrub cover, in the district through local action
c.Rangeland health assessment and rehabilitation
d. Reintroduce and strengthen traditional Gochar (rangeland) management system through consensus and participation
e Create livelihood opportunities for indigenous people
|through sustainable harvesting of gugral (gum from guglan shrub)
f. Cooperate with Sindh Forest Department and local government to protect forest and rangeland

Section 3. Activités

Brève description des principales activités, par objectif

- Consultation, writing  and adaptation of “traditional gochar (rangeland)  management system” and its wider publicity and adoption by all stakeholders particularly the  District  assembly,  Community Green Groups (CGGs)|
a. Objective: Motivate, organize  and enable local community organizations for sustainable land management (SLM), in order to combat desertification
Activities:
- Community consultation and brainstorming in about 50 main villages of Union Councils of Maijthy, Joro, Bhakao (tehsil Mithi), Jharmario|Baliari (tehsil Diplo), Nagarparkar, Pithapoor, and Haroo (tehsil Nagarparkar), Chilhar, Kantio, of Tehsil Chachro of District Tharparkar on state of natural resources, pressures on land, responsible strategy to reduce pressure and identification of a community action plan to reduce pressure on land|responsible strategy to reduce pressure and identification of a community action plan to reduce pressure on land and remove hurdles
- Formation of village “Community Green Groups (CGGs)”, in 50 villages, as the task force which will work on combating desertification with SCOPE on long term basis. |The CGGs will be well represented by notables, village headmen, youth and women
- Training and orientation of Community Green Groups (CGGs) on sustainable land management including rangeland health assessment, methods of rehabilitation by seed broadcast, protection of woodlots, rotational grazing, |avoiding unsustainable agricultural practices such as use of tractor, pesticides and chemical fertilizers
- Joint rangeland scouting / assessment survey by Community Green Groups (CGGs), along with SCOPE, Forest department, AZRI and assessment of the health of rangeland, carrying capacity, identification of problems, mapping of hotspots under supervision of experts from AZRI and Rangeland section of |Sindh Forest Department
- Development of rangeland rehabilitation action plan, identification of responsibilities,  arrangement of material (seeds from AZRI), seed broadcasting
- Stakeholders dialogue on the issue, identification of culprits and their modes operandi
- Formation of District’s  Joint Action Committee (JAC) consisting on community members, political representatives, District Government, Police, NGOs, media and Forest Department to ensure a complete ban on |commercial tree chopping and destruction of guglan plantations
- Ensuring immediate practical ban on deforestation under section 144

Section 4. Institutions/acteurs impliqués (collaboration, participation, rôle des parties prenantes)

Nom et adresse de l’institution développant la technologie


Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment (SCOPE),
|D-141 (annexy) Block 2, P.E.C.H.S
Karachi-75400 Pakistan

La technologie a-t-elle été développée en partenariat ?

Non

Précisez le cadre de promotion de la technologie

  • Initiative locale

La participation des parties prenantes locales, y compris des OSC, a-t-elle été recherchée au cours du développement de la technologie ?

Oui

Dressez la liste des parties prenantes locales:

local communities, forest department, rangeland research institutions, police, district administration, NGOs, CBOs|

Précisez le rôle des parties prenantes ci-dessus dans la conception, l’introduction, l’utilisation et la maintenance de la technologie, le cas échéant.

community: take part in guarding range land and forest
forest department:cooperation
Arid zone rangeland research institute (AZRI)rangeland management technologies
Administrtin: cooperation
people and CBOs: full participation

La population vivant sur ou à proximité du site a-t-elle été impliquée dans le développement de la technologie?

Oui

Par quels moyens?
  • Consultation
  • Approches participatives
Précisez:

full ownership of the project, by setting a defensive mechanism against forest clearing

Analyses

Section 5. Contribution à l’impact

Décrivez les impacts sur site (les deux principaux impacts par catégorie)

-regeneration can be seen
-fresh cuts to sgrub are not seen
-people are highly motivated
-

Décrivez les deux principaux impacts hors site (dans les environs)

- awareness among stakeholders
- shortage of wood in local saw mills, because trees are not being chopped |

Impact sur la biodiversité et le changement climatique

Décrivez:

- density of tree cover increasing
- hunting poaching of animals stopped
definitely, |
The carbon sequestration capacity increases by the sving of trees and vegetation and cultivation of more shrubs

Section 7. Leçons tirées

Liées aux ressources humaines

people can understand very well their long term benefit if proper mobilization is done

Liées aux aspects techniques

regeneration of vegetation in the rangeland is possible thrugh controlled natural resouces management

Modules